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ww_sewage_pumping_handbook

ww_sewage_pumping_handbook

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Published by Robert Nixon

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Published by: Robert Nixon on Mar 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/15/2013

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Foreword
3
The use of submersible pumps in sewage anddrainage pumping applications has increasedgreatly in the last decades since they entered themarket. The introduction of heavy-duty submers-ible pumps with motor power ratings exceeding500 kW has also made them available for centralmunicipal pumping duties. The good servicerecord and high quality standard attained bythese pumps has all but excluded the use of con-ventional pumps in municipal service.By the same token, the special characteristics of submersible pumps have also required the devel-opment of new knowledge on their implementa-tion, such as the design of pumping stations. Thiswork has been advanced by both pump manu-facturers and municipal engineers. The intention of this book is to bring the newestinformation on both submersible pumps andpumping stations to the use of all concernedprofessional people in a concise form. The book isdivided into Sections according to the relatedtopics.Basic pump theory is described in Section 1, pro-viding a reference background for the assessmentof pump performance. Submersible pump designand construction is described in Section 2. Pumpperformance is dealt with in Section 3, offeringmethods for the calculation of pump performancein various installations. Factors affecting pumpselection are also discussed. Section 4 offers infor-mation on pump testing. Basic design of pumpingstations is discussed in Section 5, offering designinformation for both large and small applications.Continuous regulation of submersible pump oper-ation by frequency control is described in Section6. The concept of whole-life cost for pumps andpumping installations is presented in Section 7.Matters relating to pump commissioning are pre-sented in Section 8, whereas pump operation andservicing is described in Section 9. Section 10 dealswith pumping station control and monitoring.Appendix A offers information on the hydrauliccharacteristics of common pipe components forpipeline loss calculations. Appendix B presents amethod for the determination of sewage pump-ing station capacity and pump starting frequency.One objective of the book has been to make thecontents easy to read and comprehend. The pre-sentation is therefore enhanced with a large num-ber of illustrations, providing examples of andcomplementary information on the matter athand.
Foreword
 
Table of Contents
5
Table of Contents
3.1Pump Head ....................................................383.1.1Submersible Pumps .....................................383.1.2Dry-installed Pumps ....................................393.2Pump Performance Curves ........................393.2.1H Curve ...........................................................393.2.2Efficiency Curves ..........................................403.2.3Power Curves .................................................403.2.4NPSH Curve ....................................................403.3Pipe Losses and Rising MainCharacteristic Curves ...................................413.3.1Friction Losses ................................................413.3.2Local Losses ....................................................433.3.3Rising Main Characteristic Curve .............433.4Rising Main Size ............................................443.4.1Economy .........................................................443.4.2Free Passage for Solids ................................453.4.3Avoiding Settling of Solids and Sludge ...453.4.4.Water Hammer..............................................453.4.5Avoiding Water Hammer ...........................473.5Pump Duty Point ..........................................483.5.1Single Pump Operation ...............................483.5.2Parallel Operation, Identical Pumps ........483.5.3Parallel Operation, Different Pumps ........483.5.4Serial Operation ........................................... 493.5.5True Duty Point ............................................ 493.6Sludge Pumping ........................................... 493.7Complex Rising Mains ................................ 493.7.1What Goes on in a ComplexRising Main? ................................................. 493.7.2Determination of Head ................................513.7.3Pipe Size and Flow Velocity .........................513.7.4Choice of Pump ..............................................513.7.5Confirming Measurements ........................513.8Duty Point Evaluation forParallel Pumping Stations ..........................52

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