The most important Byzantine architecture found in Istanbulconsists of churches. The most magnificent of all of the Byzantinechurches is the Hagia Sophia. This church was designed by thearchitects Anthemios of Tralles and Izidorus of Miletus. Thisconstruction of the second Hagia Sophia was started in 532 by theorder of the Emperor Justinian and was built over the ruins of anearlier structure. Materials were brought from Ephesus, Athens,Rome, and Delphi and were used in the construction of thismagnificent building. The church was opened for worship five yearslater, in 537. The Hagia Sophia has a diameter of 31-33 meters anda height of 54 meters and is covered with a large dome. The churchwas considerably damaged by the earthquake of 557 and the nephew of the Architect Izidorus supervised the repair of the structure.
Hagia Sophia¶s History