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Table Of Contents

Preface
Introduction
1.1 The Meter
1.2 The Inch
2.1 A Short History of Gauge Blocks
2.2 Gauge Block Standards (U.S.)
2.2.1 Scope
2.2.2 Nomenclature and Definitions
2.2.3 Tolerance Grades
2.2.4 Recalibration Requirements
3.1 Materials
3.2.1 Flatness Measurements
3.2.2 Parallelism measurement
3.3.1 Thermal Expansion of Gauge Block Materials
3.3.2 Thermal Expansion Uncertainty
3.4 Elastic Properties
3.4.1 Contact Deformation in Mechanical Comparisons
3.4.2 Measurement of Probe Force and Tip Radius
3.5 Stability
4.1 Introduction
4.2.1 Tradition
4.2.2 Process Control: A Paradigm Shift
4.3.1 Stability
4.3.2 Uncertainty
4.3.4 Systematic Error and Type B Uncertainty
4.3.5 Error Budgets
4.3.6 Combining Type A and Type B uncertainties
4.3.7 Combining Random and Systematic Errors
4.4.1 Establishing Interferometric Master Values
4.4.2 The Comparison Process
4.4.2.2 Control Parameter for Repeatability
4.4.2.3 Control test for the variance:
4.4.2.4 Control parameter (S-C)
4.4.2.5 Control test for (S-C), the Check Standard
4.4.2.6 Control test for drift
4.4.3 Calculating the total uncertainty
4.5 Summary of the NIST Measurement Assurance Program
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Preparation and Inspection
5.2.1 Cleaning Procedures
5.2.2 Cleaning Interval
5.2.3 Storage
5.2.4 Deburring Gauge Blocks
5.3 The Comparative Principle
5.3.1 Examples
5.4 Gauge Block Comparators
5.4.1 Scale and Contact Force Control
5.4.2 Stylus Force and Penetration Corrections
5.4.3 Environmental Factors
5.4.3.1 Temperature Effects
5.4.3.2 Control of Temperature Effects
5.5 Intercomparison Procedures
5.5.1 Handling Technique
5.6.1.4 The ABBA Design
5.6.2 Example of Calibration Output Using the 12/4 Design
5.7 Current System Performance
5.7.1 Summary
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Interferometers
6.2.1 The Kösters Type Interferometer
6.2.2 The NPL Interferometer
6.2.3 Testing Optical Quality of Interferometers
6.2.4 Interferometer Corrections
6.2.5 Laser Light Sources
6.3 Environmental Conditions and their Measurement
6.3.1 Temperature
6.3.2 Atmospheric Pressure
6.3.3 Water Vapor
6.4 Gauge Block Measurement Procedure
6.5 Computation of Gauge Block Length
6.5.1 Calculation of the Wavelength
6.5.2 Calculation of the Whole Number of Fringes
6.5.3 Calculation of Block Length from the Observed Data
6.6 Type A and B Errors
6.7 Process Evaluation
6.8 Multiple wavelength interferometry
6.9 Use of the Linescale Interferometer for End Standard Calibration
7. References
Appendix B: Wringing Films
Appendix C. Phase Shifts in Gauge block Interferometry
Appendix D. Deformation Corrections
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The gauge block handbook

The gauge block handbook

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Published by narupv

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Published by: narupv on Mar 28, 2011
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