© Minority Rights Group International 2011All rights reservedMaterial from this publication may be reproduced for teaching or for other non-commercial purposes. No part of it may bereproduced in any form for commercial purposes without the prior express permission of the copyright holders. For furtherinformation please contact MRG. A CIP catalogue record of this publication is available from the British Library.
978 1 907919 08 4.
March 2011. Printed in the UK on recycled paper.
Minority rights: Solutions to theCyprus conﬂict
is published by MRG as a contribution to public understanding of the issue which forms its subject. The textand views of the author do not necessarily represent in everydetail and all its aspects, the collective view of MRG.
This report was funded by theEuropean Commission, with matchfunding provided by the Allan & NestaFerguson Charitable Trust, theCommonwealth Foundation and theAmerican Embassy in Nicosia. The contents of thisdocument are the sole responsibility of Minority Rights GroupInternational and can under no circumstances be regardedas reflecting the position of the European Union.This report was produced in collaboration with KISA. KISA isa NGO, established in 1998, with the vision of promoting anall inclusive, multicultural society, free of racism, xenophobiaand discrimination, and with equality for all, irrespective of nationality or ethnicity, colour, creed or gender, sexualorientation, or any other diversity. KISA focuses its actionson two general directions and target groups: (a) Migrants,refugees and asylum seekers, and (b) the Cypriot society atlarge. These actions encompass the following: A. Operationof a support system for providing free legal and socialservices, information, support, guidance and mediation tomigrants, refugees and asylum seekers in order to enablethem to claim their rights and facilitate their integration andfull participation in society. B. Social intervention in order tosensitise the Cypriot society and raise awareness about thephenomena of social exclusion, xenophobia, discrimination,racism, trafficking and the benefits of a multicultural society.C. Reform of the immigration and asylum framework inCyprus, including legislation, policies and practices.Interviews were undertaken for this report in northern andsouthern Cyprus by local researchers Öncel Polili, LegalOfficer at the Turkish Cypriot Human Rights Foundation, andMarios Michaelides, Training Officer at the Cyprus Academyof Public Administration (CAPA). MRG and KISA recognizeand thank both researchers for their contribution, and alsothanks the people who agreed to be interviewed for thereport.Commissioning Editor: Joanna Hoare. ProductionCoordinator: Kristen Harrison. Copy editor: SophieRichmond. Translators: Andriana Kossiva (Greek) and DefneOrhun (Turkish). Typesetter: Kavita Graphics
is a PhD candidate at the EuropeanUniversity Institute (EUI), in Florence, Italy. His researchfocuses on the phenomenon of enforced disappearance ininternational law and he also takes an active interest ininternational human rights law, European law and minorityrights law. He holds an LL.M. in European Community Lawfrom Leiden University and an LL.M. in International,European and Comparative law from the EUI. Previously, hehas worked on various projects and studies relating toconformity checking of national legislation, as a researchassistant at his current university and as a human rightslawyer in Cyprus.
is a lawyer specializing in human rights – inparticular minority rights, equality, anti-discriminationremedies under international human rights and EuropeanUnion law – and violence against women. She holds an LLMin international human rights law from the University of Essex. Previously, she worked as an expert/researcher at theHuman Rights Law Research Center at Istanbul BilgiUniversity, and at Minority Rights Group International as Anti-Discrimination Law Officer. She is currently working asCyprus/Turkey Coordinator for MRG and as the Director of Turkey Fund for Global Dialogue. She is the author/co-authorof reports and articles on minority rights in Turkey and oninternational standards.
The Green Line, which divides the city with barriers erectedacross the street, viewed from the Greek south side.