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DOIHandbook

DOIHandbook

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Published by Paul Caspers

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Published by: Paul Caspers on Nov 23, 2007
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06/16/2009

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- 1 -
The DOI
®
Handbook
Edition 4.4.1 5 October 2006
Please send any comments or questions to
Dr Norman PaskinInternational DOI Foundation, Inc.,5 Linkside AvenueOxfordOX2 8HYUnited KingdomEmail:n.paskin@doi.org Tel: +44 (0) 1865 559070Fax: +44 (0) 1865 853120
 Copyright © 2006, International DOI Foundation, Inc., (IDF)
DOI
®
and DOI.ORG
®
are registered trademarks and the DOI> logo is a trademark of The International DOI Founda-tion
.
 
doi>
 
 
- 2 -
Contents
Glossary.......................................................................................................................6
 
1
Introduction.................................................................................................................12
 
Handbook.................................................................................................12
 
Identification and the Internet...................................................................................13
 
What is an Identifier?...............................................................................................13
 
Name?..................................................................................................15
 
1.4.1 DOI names are persistent identifiers.........................................................................15
 
DOI names are actionable identifiers...................................................................15
 
DOI names are interoperable identifiers...............................................................16
 
1.4.4Identifying at the appropriate level...........................................................................16
 
1.4.5 Identifying copies and versions...........................................................................17
 
1.5 Components of the DOI System.....................................................................................17
 
1.6 What can be identified by a DOI name?...........................................................................18
 
Intellectual property..........................................................................................18
 
Identification of abstractions...............................................................................19
 
Formal definition...............................................................................................19
 
Granularity.......................................................................................................19
 
 
Summary of benefits.........................................................................................20
 
Benefits in internal content management.............................................................21
 
Benefits in the distribution and sales life-cycle......................................................21
 
1.7.4 Benefits in the production life-cycle...........................................................................22
 
Quantified benefits: case studies.........................................................................23
 
The DOI System as social infrastructure......................................................................23
 
1.9 The DOI System as a managed system...........................................................................25
 
2 Numbering.......................................................................................................................27
 
Assigning numbers...................................................................................................27
 
The structure of a DOI name.....................................................................................27
 
The DOI name prefix.........................................................................................27
 
The DOI name suffix..........................................................................................28
 
Uniqueness.............................................................................................................29
 
Case sensitivity........................................................................................................29
 
Character sets.........................................................................................................30
 
Publishing DOI names in print....................................................................................30
 
DOI System and Legacy Identifiers.............................................................................31
 
Using existing identifiers as a DOI Suffix..............................................................31
 
2.7.2 Using DOI names to relate existing legacy identifiers..................................................32
 
2.7.3 Benefits of using legacy identifiers with DOI names.....................................................33
 
DOI System and check digits.....................................................................................33
 
DOI System and Internet identifier specifications.........................................................34
 
Generic identifier standards................................................................................34
 
URI implementation...........................................................................................35
 
URN implementation..........................................................................................36
 
3
Resolution....................................................................................................................37
 
What is resolution?...................................................................................................37
 
Simple resolution.....................................................................................................37
 
Multiple resolution....................................................................................................38
 
Handle System technology........................................................................................39
 
3.4.1 Overview...............................................................................................................39
 
3.4.2 Technical support of DOI name Resolution.................................................................39
 
3.4.3 Software support for use of DOI names.....................................................................40
 
3.4.4 Handle System RFCs...............................................................................................41
 
The DOI System and other actionable systems............................................................41
 
 
 
The resolution interface with Handle System technology...............................................43
 
3.6.1 Native resolver.......................................................................................................43
 
3.6.2 Proxy server..........................................................................................................43
 
3.6.3 Other mechanisms..................................................................................................44
 
The maintenance of DOI name “state data”.................................................................44
 
The development of services.....................................................................................45
 
DOI System and OpenURL.........................................................................................45
 
3.10 DOI names and Persistent URLs (PURLs).......................................................................47
 
3.11 DOI System and the Domain Name System (DNS)..........................................................48
 
4
Data Model..........................................................................................................49
 
4.1 Overview of the DOI Data Model....................................................................................49
 
4.2 Aims of DOI Data Model policy.......................................................................................50
 
4.2.1 Interoperability.......................................................................................................50
 
4.2.2 Administrative capability..........................................................................................51
 
 
 
- 3 -4.3 DOI Data Model tools....................................................................................................51
 
4.3.1 DOI Kernel Declaration............................................................................................51
 
4.3.2 indecs Data Dictionary (iDD)....................................................................................53
 
 
5
Applications.................................................................................................................56
 
Introduction............................................................................................................56
 
Services.................................56
 
5.3 Managing APs and Services...........................................................................................57
 
DOI Data Model and APIs..........................................................................................58
 
Management and administration of APs and Services....................................................60
 
Registration of APs and Services.........................................................................60
 
AP and Service Management...............................................................................61
 
Ownership of Intellectual Property in DOI APs......................................................62
 
Benefits..................................................................................................................62
 
6
Policy...........................................................................................................................63
 
Policy formulation....................................................................................................63
 
Current areas of policy development...........................................................................63
 
Current policies of the IDF.........................................................................................63
 
Data associated with a DOI name...............................................................................65
 
Restricted use of the DOI System...............................................................................65
 
Exclusivity and restrictions........................................................................................66
 
Ensuring persistence................................................................................................67
 
6.7.1 Persistence of the DOI System.................................................................................67
 
6.7.2 Persistence of the IDF.............................................................................................68
 
)....................................68
 
Persistence of the metadata technology...............................................................68
 
Acceptance by users..........................................................................................69
 
Persistence of the identified object......................................................................69
 
Ensuring uniqueness.................................................................................................70
 
6.9 Community autonomy..............................................................................................70
 
Separation of metadata, identifier, and entity..........................................................71
 
Separation of metadata and identifier.................................................................71
 
6.10.2 Separation of identifier from object.........................................................................71
 
 
7 The International DOI Foundation...................................................................................74
 
Origins and status....................................................................................................74
 
Business and organizational principles........................................................................74
 
Cost recovery and its protection..........................................................................74
 
The creation of Registration Agencies..................................................................75
 
DOI System business model......................................................................................75
 
DOI System Oorganisation model...............................................................................76
 
Initial model.....................................................................................................76
 
7.4.2 Future model....................................................................................................76
 
Relationships between Registration Agencies...............................................................77
 
The IDF as the DOI System Maintenance Agency.........................................................78
 
The IDF and DOI System development.......................................................................78
 
IDF Development process...................................................................................79
 
TWG (Technical Working Group).........................................................................79
 
7.7.3 RAWG (Registration Agencies Working Group)......................................................80
 
Application Working Groups................................................................................80
 
Governance of Working Groups...........................................................................81
 
7.7.6 Intellectual Property Rights and Working Groups........................................................81
 
Disclosure of information in Working Groups.........................................................82
 
7.7.8 Working Group Agreements.....................................................................................82
 
Third party development....................................................................................83
 
IDF Email discussion lists..........................................................................................83
 
development............................................................83
 
The Handle System Advisory Committee..............................................................83
 
Further development of related technology...........................................................83
 
DOI System and indecs development......................................................................84
 
The initial indecs project (Dec 1998-June 2000)....................................................84
 
System-specific development (2001).............................................................85
 
indecs as input to MPEG (2001-2003)..................................................................85
 
The indecs Data Dictionary (2003 onwards)..........................................................85
 
InterParty (2002-2003).....................................................................................85
 
7.11 Alliances and liaisons with other organizations...............................................................86
 
Alliances and liaisons.........................................................................................86
 
Formal relationships.........................................................................................86
 
Governance of the DOI System..............................................................................88
 
Membership of the International DOI Foundation......................................................88
 
7.13.1 Benefits of membership.........................................................................................89
 

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