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Giving Priority to the Quraan.

Giving Priority to the Quraan.

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Published by Mikel Alonso

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Published by: Mikel Alonso on Mar 29, 2011
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Giving Priority to the Quraan
Hudhayfah said:The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) related matters to us. Ihave seen one of them, and I am waiting for the other. He (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam)informed us: "Trustworthiness was sent down in depths of the heart of the people, then theylearnt it from the Qur'aan, then they learnt it from the Sunnah" (2)Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar (852H) said: "His (`azza wa jall) saying: 'then they learnt it from theQur'aan, then they learnt it from the Sunnah' So it occurs in this narration with the repetition of"then", which contains and indication that they would learn the Qur'aan before learning thedetails of the sunnah. And what is meant by the details of the sunnah is anything that theywould learn from Prophet (saallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) whether it was obligatory orrecommended." (3)Al-Maymoonee said:I asked Abu 'Abdullaah Imaam Ahmed which is more beloved to you, that Ishould I begin teaching my son the Qur'aan or the hadeeth He said: "No! The Qur'aan." I said:Shall I teach him all of it? He replied: "Unless that is difficult, in which case teach him some ofit." Then. he said to me: "If he begins reciting first, then he will learn correct recitation and willpersevere in it." (4)Ibn Muflih said: "Upon this are the followers of Imaam Ahmad right up until our time." (5)Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 718H) said: "As for seeking to memorize the Qur'aan then this is to be givenpreference over many of the things that the people consider to be knowledge, but are -in reality- either totally useless, or having little benefit. It is also to be given precedence in learningespecially by those who wish to acquire knowledge of the Deen, its principles and its particulars.Since what is prescribed for such a person at this time is that he should begin by memorizingthe Qur'aan, as it is the foundation of the branches of knowledge of the deen. This is contrary towhat is done by many of the people on innovation, in that one of them will preoccupy himselfwith superfluous parts of knowledge; such as kalaam (rhetorical speech) and argumentation; orvery rare matters of differences; and blind following, which there is no need for; or very strangeand rare ahaadeeth which are not established, nor of benefit; and many discussions do notestablish proofs. And he abandons memorizing the Qur'aan which is more important than all ofthis." (6)Muhammad ibn al-Fadl said: "I heard my grandfather say: I asked my father for permission tostudy under Qutaybah, so he said: "First learn the Qur'aan and then I will give you permission."So I memorized the Qur'aan by heart. Then he said to me: "Remain until you have led thepeople in prayer with it (i.e. for taraweeh prayer)." So I did so, and after the "eed prayer he gaveme permission, so I left for Marw." (7)Ibn 'Abdul-Barr (d. 463H) said: "Seeking knowledge is of levels and is of different stages whichshould not be skipped over. Whoever skips over them altogether, then he has overstepped the
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Giving Priority to the Quraan
path of the Companions and those that follow them. Whoever deliberately takes a path otherthan this has seriously deviated. However, whoever oversteps due to an ijtihaad (aknowledge-based judgment that a qualified scholar makes, intending to reach the truth), thensuch a person has erred So the first knowledge is memorization of the Book of Allaah andseeking to understand it. And it is obligatory to seek everything which will aid in understandingit. However, I do not say that it is obligatory to memorize all of the Qur 'aan but I do say that it isobligatory and essential for anyone who wishes to become a scholar - not that it is somethingobligatory in itself." (8)Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee (d. 463H) said: "It is fitting for a student that he begins withmemorization of the Book of Allaah -since it is the greatest of the branches of knowledge andthat which should be placed first and given precedence." (9)Al-Haafidh an-Nawawee (d. 676H) said: "The first thing he should begin with-is memorization ofthe mighty Qur'aan, which is the most important of the branches of knowledge. And theCompanions and those that follow them did not use to teach hadeeth or fiqh except to one whohad memorized the Qur'aan When he has memorized it, let him beware of preoccupying himselffrom it with hadeeth, fiqh or other things, to the extent that it leads him to forget anything of theQur'aan, or makes that likely." (10)Seeking knowledge in due Amounts (11)Allaah (`azza wa jall) said: "And it is a Qur'aan which We have divided into parts, in order thatyou may recite it to men at intervals. And We have sent it down in stages." (12)The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam said to `Abdullaah ibn `Amr ibn al-`Aas: "Read theQur'aan in every month." I said: I find that I have more strength than that. He (sallallaahu `alayhiwa sallam) said: "Recite it in every twenty nights." I said: I find that I have more strength thanthat. He said: "Then recite it in every seven days and do not increase upon that." (13)
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Giving Priority to the Quraan
'Abdullaah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'Aas also related from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) thathe said: "He does not understand the Qur'aan who recites it in less than three days" (14)Umar ibn 'Abdul-Waahid, a companion of al-Awzaa'ee said: We read in al-Muwattaa to Maalik(d. 179H) in forty days, so he said: "A book that took me forty years to compile, you take fromme in forty days! How little you understand of it." (15)Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee said: "It is fitting that he takes care in acquiring knowledge and thathe should not take too much in one go. Rather, he should take a little at a time, such that he canbear it., memorize it and be able to understand it. Because Allaah says which means: "Andthose who disbelieve say: Why is the Qur’aan not send down to him all at once? Thus (is it sentdown in parts) that We may strengthen your heart thereby. And We have revealed it to yougradually, in stages.("16") (17)Al-Khateeb also said: "And know that the heart in an organ from the organs. It is able to bearsomethings and unable to bear others—just like the rest of the body. Thus, some people areable to carry one-hundred pounds, whereas others are unable to carry even twenty. Somepeople are able to walk a number of miles in a day without tiring, whereas others are unable toeven walk a mile a day before they become tired... So let each person limit himself to what he isable without expending all his energies, because that will better aid him in learning with a goodmind, from a firm and proficient teacher.'' (18)Supplicating for an Increase in Knowledge(19)Allaah (`azza wa jall) said which means: "Say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge." (SoorahTaaHaa 20:114)Umm Salamah said:Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to supplicate in themorning prayer: "O Allaah! I ask you for beneficial knowledge, righteous action and puresustenance." (20) Anas bin Maalik (be) said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) supplicate:"O Allaah! Benefit me with knowledge. Teach me that which will benefit me,and provide me with knowledge from which I can derive benefit." (21)Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ja'far said: I heard Ibn Khuzaymah (d. 311H) being asked: Fromwhere did you acquire this knowledge? So he said: "Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wasallam) said: "Zam-zam water is that for which it is drunk." (22) So when I drunk zam-zamwater, I supplicate to Allaah for beneficial knowledge."(23)Shaykhul-lslaarn Ibn Taymiyyah said: (24) "The reality of this matter that the servant differs inwhat he asks of knowledge and guidance, and of what he seeks to ask. So with remembranceof Allaah and turning towards Him, Allaah guides such a person—as He said which means: "OMy servants! All of you are misguided, except whomsoever I guide. So seek your guidance fromme." (25)And as the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to say: "O Allaah! Lord of Jibreel,
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