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DAILY 03.29.11

DAILY 03.29.11

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Mostly Sunny 
Mostly Sunny 
Men’s volleyball can’t pull offsweep of MPSF opponents
Features/3 • Opinions/4 • Sports/6 • Classifieds/7
Recycle Me
A n I n d e p e n d e n t P u b l i c a t i o n
The Stanford Daily
Maggianotalks Afghancorruption
TUESDAY Volume 239
March 29, 2011 Issue 29
Candidates facecampaignspending cap
On Nov.2,2010,the 12th Undergraduate Sen-ate passed legislation capping the amount of money any slate seeking executive office mayspend on their campaign at $1,000.The bill came in response to the 2008 election,in which Jonny Dorsey ‘09 and Fagan Harris ‘09spent $3,597.31 and defeated David Gobaud ‘10and Greg Goldgof ‘08, who spent $3,768.55.The10th and 11th Undergraduate Senates failed topass bills containing caps.ASSU President Angelina Cardona ‘11, whoco-authored the bill with then-Vice PresidentKelsei Wharton ‘12,said that the problem wasn’tan uneven financial playing field between slates,but a concern that some slates didn’t declaretheir intent to run because of financial con-straints.“I don’t necessarily think that money equaledsuccess in the past,” Cardona said. “But I dothink that money equaled even being able to runin the first place.”Zachary Warma ‘11,a member of the 11th Un-dergraduate Senate and former Daily columnist,felt that the amount of money was not as signifi-cant as Cardona and others made it out to be.“To say money isn’t important in politics is in-sane,” Warma said. “There’s a way in whichmoney helps, but at the end of the day, you haveto run a smarter campaign and a better cam-paign.People can outspend you,but you can winas long as you do a couple of things really, reallywell.”Current ASSU Vice President Michael Cruz‘12, who is running for executive this year withStewart Macgregor-Dennis ‘13, says his slate“simply would not have the financial capability”to run without the spending cap and the optionof public financing.Joe Vasquez ‘11 said he and Tenzin Seldon ‘12,
ASSU Senate members disagree oneffectiveness of cap legislationState Dept. official explored manyfacets of corruption in Afghanistan
Grey Maggiano, justice program manager atthe State Department,addressed the challenges of international legal reform and rule of law inAfghanistan on Monday at the Law School.Mag-giano focused on the prevalence of corruption inAfghanistan and possible ways to address it.The talk covered the varying definitions of andopinions about corruption,particularly the differ-ences between American and Afghan perceptionof it.Although the United States government isdeeply concerned about corruption,it draws a dis-tinction between forms of corruption that directlyimpact the U.S. and those that affect the Afghanpeople, Maggiano said. Corruption exists inAfghanistan on a broad scope and in daily encoun-ters that the Afghan people have with their gov-ernment.The U.S.does not have the means to address theproblem on all of these levels,he noted.“We as the U.S. government can only focus onareas that are most critical,” Maggiano said.“Wetry to focus on areas of corruption that impactAfghan national security and also the fight againstthe insurgency.While addressing corruption on a broaderscope may be highly important to the U.S., the
Four straight Final Fours.With a dominant 83-60 victory overthe 11th-seeded Gonzaga Bulldogs inSpokane, Wash., the Stanford women’sbasketball team advanced to its fourthFinal Four in as many years.“Yeah, I’m so excited, I really can’teven put it into words right now,” saidsenior guard Jeanette Pohlen, who willleave Stanford having never missed theFinal Four. “Going to the Final Fourevery year,I mean it’s a dream for peo-ple, some people don’t even get thatclose.”The emphatic victory that punchedthe top-seeded Cardinal’s ticket to Indi-anapolis was the best game Stanford(33-2) had played all tournament, andthe win was particularly impressive con-sidering that Stanford faced a sold-out,hostile crowd that was silenced by hotshooting — particularly from the domi-nant Ogwumike sisters.“Before the game, I told our team,‘history will be made tonight,’” saidStanford head coach Tara VanDerveer.“Let’s be on the good side of it.”Junior forward Nnemkadi Ogwu-mike made sure of that,leading the Car-dinal with 23 points and 11 rebounds,while freshman forward Chiney Ogwu-mike added another double-doublewith 18 points and 15 rebounds.The Cardinal shot 65 percent fromthe field in the first period en route to a47-38 lead thanks to powerful play fromthe Ogwumike sisters, who combinedfor 23 points in the first half.Gonzaga (31-5) did manage to keepwithin shouting distance thanks to sen-ior guard Courtney Vandersloot, whoonce had 18 points in a row for theZags, and during one nine-minutestretch in the first half, was the onlyBulldog to score.Vandersloot,the only player in Divi-sion I basketball history (men’s andwomen’s) with 2,000 points and 1,000assists,finished with 25 points to lead allscorers in an emotional farewell game infront of the pro-Gonzaga crowd.
Nhat V. Meyer/San Jose Mercury News/MCT
The Stanford women’s basketball team hoists the West Regional trophy after vanquishing Gonzaga to advance to its fourthconsecutive Final Four. The Cardinal will head to Indianapolis this coming weekend, where it will face either Baylor or Texas A&M.
Nhat V. Meyer/San Jose Mercury News/MCT
Junior forward Nnemkadi Ogwumike (front) and younger sister Chiney (No. 13)combined for 41 points and 26 rebounds en route to an 83-60 win over Gonzaga.The sisters from Cypress, Texas, have been dominant so far in the NCAA Tourna-ment, as both have averaged a double-double in the four tournament games so far.
4/3 Conseco Fieldhouse
KZSU 90.1 FM(kzsu.stanford.edu)
With a dominant win over Gonza-ga in the Elite Eight, the Cardinal make the trekto Indianapolis for their fourth straight Final Four.The Cardinal, the winner of the west regional,will play either Baylor or Texas A&M in their FinalFour matchup.
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Please see
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Afghan people are much more con-cerned with the corruption theywitness and experience on a day-to-day basis.“This is where it gets really hardfor both the Afghan governmentand the U.S. government to dealwith corruption,because the thingsthat most deflate people’s publicopinion are the everyday local cor-ruption,Maggiano said.In addition to legal definitions,avariety of other factors, includingreligious and cultural issues, makedefining corruption particularly dif-ficult in Afghanistan, he said. As aresult, it becomes even more chal-lenging to apply those definitions togovernment transactions betweenthe U.S.and Afghanistan.Addition-ally,U.S.actions to fight corruptionin Afghanistan raise the issue of how much international pressure isacceptable.While Maggiano focused onAfghanistan specifically, he alsotouched on the existence of corrup-tion in other countries around theworld and cited Singapore as a na-tion that has effectively decreasedcorruption. Looking at the waycountries have successfully handledcorruption could also help in find-ing solutions to the situation inAfghanistan,he said.All things considered,Afghanistan has made manystrides,among them the creation of the High Office of Oversight,Mag-giano said.But he added that a lackof transparency and mistrust of theoffice still present significant prob-lems.Christina Luu J.D.‘13 saw simi-larities between Afghan corruptionand her parents’ accounts of thecorruption they witnessed in theirnative Vietnam.Luu’s recent trip toMexico, which opened her eyes toother cases of corruption, sparkedher interested in the talk.“It was interesting to hear the at-titudes of the people inAfghanistan,”Luu said.Daniel Lewis J.D.‘12 is co-exec-utive director of the AfghanistanLegal Education Project,an organ-ization made up of Stanford lawstudents who write and distributelegal textbooks about Afghan law.Lewis thought it was particularlyinteresting to hear about the differ-ent definitions of corruption andthe clash between the differentbranches of the Afghan govern-ment in addressing this problem.These branches “don’t always workhand in hand,”he said.Lewis also acknowledged thegreat strides that have been made.“It’s reassuring to know peopleare dedicated and working to solvecorruption,he said.
Contact Nardos Girma at ngirma@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
Stanford tops list of dream schools”
Stanford is the No. 1 “dreamschool” for students, according to aPrinceton Review survey released onThursday.The University took secondplace among parents,trailing Harvard.Students ranked Harvard, NewYork University and Princeton behindStanford. Princeton ranked behindStanford among parents, followed bythe Massachusetts Institute of Tech-nology.In the same survey, 69 percent of high school respondents reportedstress levels of “high” or “very high,”an increase of 13 percent since 2003.Moreover,72 percent of respondentsreported that the economy affectedtheir college choices, and 86 percentsaid that financial aid is “very neces-sary.”This year,8,219 students and 3,966parents participated in the survey,which the Princeton Review has con-ducted annually since 2003.
— Joshua Falk
,March 2
The Stanford Daily
Faculty recruitment remains strong
Blood test could replace biopsy 
Researchers at the School of Medicine have found that an in-crease in the presence of a heartdonor’s DNA in a recipient’s bloodis an early indicator of organ rejec-tion.“In the patients who never re-jected, we saw a very constant lowlevel of donor DNA in the recipi-ents’ blood, in marked contrast topatients who rejected,”said HannahValantine,professor of cardiovascu-lar medicine.Valantine co-authored the studywith professor of bioengineeringStephen Quake.Their findings werepublished Monday in the Proceed-ings of the National Academy of Sci-ences.Over the last 40 years, rejectionin heart transplant patients has beenmonitored by taking small heartbiopsies and analyzing them for evi-dence that the body is attacking theheart,Valantine said.This procedureis performed up to 12 times in theyear following the transplant and isquite uncomfortable for the patient.The study implies that an ordi-nary blood test could eventually re-place these surgical biopsies.“The beauty of this new test isthat it bypasses the need to monitorthe immune response,” Valantinesaid.The team discovered that thelevel of a donor’s DNA rises consid-erably before a heart biopsy showsevidence of a problem.“We think we can pick up the re-jection a lot earlier, and we can seehow it improves after a patient hasbeen treated for rejection,” Valan-tine said.“This has huge implications forthe patient,” she said, noting thattreating heart rejection has manyside effects.“If we were to pick thisup early,we would not need to treatthe patient with such heavy anti-re-jection therapy.The research team also includedThomas Snyder, a research associ-ate in Quake’s lab, and KiranKhush,an instructor in cardiovascu-lar medicine.Stanford’s collaborative atmos-phere played an important role inValantine and Quake’s research.“This is a very interestingdemonstration of the huge advan-tage of being at Stanford with theopportunity to collaborate,” Valan-tine said.When Valantine read Quake’spublication on detecting fetal ab-normalities by examining fetal cellsin the mother’s blood, she noticedparallels with organ transplant,since both involve the presence of aforeign protein in the blood.The researchers’ approach,which they call genome transplantdynamics (GTD),can be applied toother organ transplants, reducingthe need for invasive techniques,Valantine said.“There has been very littleprogress in reducing chronic rejec-tion,”Valantine said.“We now havethe potential to pick up early mark-ers of chronic rejection and therebyintervene and reduce chronic rejec-tion and organ lapse.”
Contact Joshua Falk at jsfalk@stan-ford.edu.
The University has experienced“very high retention rates and highrecruitment success” in hiring of junior faculty, according to ViceProvost for Faculty Developmentand Diversity Karen Cook. Faculty,however, have cited several excep-tions to Stanford’s overall success inthis area.In fact, the goal of the FacultyDevelopment and Diversity Officein recent years has been twofold:toincrease the number of women andminority faculty members and to ad-dress the reasons why a facultymember might choose to leave Stan-ford. Only 11 percent of Stanfordfaculty members are minorities,and25 percent are women.According to the “Guide to Re-cruiting and Retaining an Excellentand Diverse Faculty at Stanford,”faculty recruitment searches are re-quired to make an extra effort tofind qualified women and minoritycandidates,and one member of eachdepartmental search committeemust serve as a diversity officer.Fur-thermore, if the search committeeidentifies a minority or female can-didate who is qualified but not thetop candidate, the committee is en-couraged to explore the possibilityof recruiting this candidate alongwith the top candidate. Depart-ments and schools may capitalize onopportunities to hire “equally quali-fied candidates from underrepre-sented groups.”Apart from these issues,Stanfordfaculty report very high satisfactionrates. Eighty percent of faculty re-spondents in a 2008 quality of lifesurvey described themselves as“very” or “somewhat satisfied” atStanford.In a similar Harvard study,85 percent of faculty members de-scribed themselves as “somewhatsatisfied.”And yet professors at all stages of the tenure track cited the same rea-son that might push them to leavethe Farm: a desire for a more sup-portive work environment.For assistant professor of musicAnna Schultz, who was hired in2010, the University offers advan-tages and disadvantages in this re-spect.“I came here because I felt a realsense of support for research andteaching,” she said. “If I get a bigidea for a conference or a creativeidea for teaching, I know that thereis the support to make it happenhere.”But sometimes that’s notenough.“There is a lot of support for indi-vidual projects, but there are fewerprojects in which people come to-gether collaboratively,“ Schultz ex-plained. “It is possible that there isless of a sense of community here.”The University tries to addressthese problems by periodically as-sessing quality of life through sur-veys and focus groups as well ascounseling and mentoring youngfaculty. It also rewards faculty forproductivity via salary incentivesand other forms of compensation.However, potential hires faceother deterrents, notably the prob-lem of dual careers. The quality of life survey reported that 41.7 percentof incoming professors had troublefinding appropriate employment inthe area for their partner or spouse.At Stanford,the Office of FacultyDevelopment and Diversity ad-dresses the dual-career problem.Law professor Robert Weisbergworks directly with young faculty inassisting their spouses or partners infinding academic or other profes-sional positions at Stanford and thesurrounding area.Yet another obstacle is the BayArea’s high cost of living.The medi-an sale price of an on-campus homeis $1.5 million,according to the Fac-ulty Staff Housing Office.The quali-ty of life survey found that 25.5 per-cent of Stanford faculty reportedcost of living as a significant sourceof stress,compared with 12.4 percentof faculty at peer institutions.Stanford has tried to address highliving costs by offering mortgage as-sistance and allowance programs toyoung faculty and by providing more
ZACK HOBERG/The Stanford Daily
Greg Maggiano, justice programmanager for the U.S. State Depart-ment, discussed the prevalence ofcorruption in Afghanistan.
ANASTASIA YEE/The Stanford Daily
Please see
,page 3
The Stanford Daily
Tuesday,March 29,2011
who are also running for exec thisyear, would not be able to affordto put on a more expensive cam-paign similar to some of those runin the past.Vasquez said the ASSU office“is definitely a lot more accessiblefor people of lower-income back-grounds like Tenzin and I.”Cardona also believes that thebill is consistent with expectationsin other facets of Stanford life.“If you look at the heart of thebill, it’s very much in line with theStanford culture of taking respon-sibility for your actions,” she said.“Just the way that our alcohol pol-icy works, the same way that ourhonor code works. Stanford reallygives you a sense of agency as anindividual, and we’re expectingthe same thing in the ASSU fromour potential leaders.”Rebecca Sachs ‘13 was one of two senators who voted againstthe bill.She feels that the spendingcap doesn’t address the mainproblems with ASSU elections.“The cap doesn’t actuallychange the way the elections work,it just shifts it to being more digital,which it was already doing,” Sachssaid. “It’s no longer about t-shirtsand fliers, and that still doesn’tmake it about the issues.Will Seaton ‘13 also votedagainst the bill, citing skepticismof the feasibility of enforcing sucha rule.Cardona noted that the capnumber of $1,000 could bechanged in future years.“This year is very much a pilotyear,”Cardona said.“We do want tosee how it plays out in practice, notjust in theory. There is definitelyroom for flexibility in the future,butwe thought $1,000 was a good start-ing point.We looked at a lot of peerinstitutions, and it was the highestnumber that any other school hadfor spending caps, and it’s on parwith what Berkeley uses.”Warma argued, however, thatsome language of the bill is toovague and could lead to issues.“I see loopholes miles wide thatif you read through this and you’repaying enough attention, youcould do a lot of damage to cam-paigns,” Warma said. “You couldthrow what was otherwise an en-tirely reputable campaign into alegislative mess . . . some of theseare the most cynical scenarios outthere. But these are real possibili-ties.And that’s scary.”Cardona said she doesn’t antic-ipate any problems with thespending caps this year.“I know every slate, and I fullybelieve that they will do their bestto abide by the new guidelines,”she said.“You’ve made elections hard-er,”Warma said.“You’ve conceiv-ably lowered the threshold forpeople to get involved financially .. . but what you have done isyou’ve increased the threshold of difficulty for what is already a hor-rifically messy process. This was awell-intended, horrifically imple-mented bill.”There are, nonetheless, somethings the sides could agree on.“I’m really happy in the endthat they evened out the public fi-nancing and the non-public fi-nancing to $1,000 each,” Sachssaid. “I think that that makes itmore fair.”Elections CommissionerStephen Trusheim ‘13 said he willbegin working closely with the ex-ecutive slates to educate themabout the new campaign financerules and procedures now thatthey have officially been approved.
Contact Billy Gallagher at wmg2014@stanford.edu.
Continued from front page
he snarky comment onYouTube you dashed outand promptly forgotabout last week may havelasting implications for usall. In his recent book, “VirtuallyYou:The Dangerous Powers of theE-Personality,” clinical associateprofessor of psychiatry and behav-ioral sciences Elias Aboujaoudepostulates that society has onlybegun to see the disheartening wayonline behavior can affect individu-als’ offline selves.Aboujaoude,a practicing psychi-atrist in Silicon Valley,became inter-ested in studying the long-term psy-chological consequences of Internetuse after noticing an increase in pa-tients whose Internet use had “up-ended”their lives.“We know how the Internet istransforming the world but not howit’s transforming our psychology,”he said.“We need to assess the virtu-al world in an objective way,not justlook at the obvious positives.”Based on his study of problemat-ic Internet use in America, thelargest study of its kind so far,Abou-jaoude found that the anonymity of the Internet and the distance it cre-ates between actions and their ef-fects have the potential to exacer-bate people’s worst tendencies inthe real world. In other words, thatuser whose video you slammed maynot show up at your door with abaseball bat and demand revengeany time soon, but the impressionthat your rudeness has no conse-quences could stay with you forever.The more time people spend on-line, the more accustomed they be-come to falling into certain behav-ioral patterns — patterns that toooften involve talking without think-ing or judging without empathy.“The personality traits that oftencome out online, unfortunately, areoften negative traits:grandiosity,im-pulsivity, the tendency to regress toless mature states, the tendency tobe angrier and less moral than inreal life,”Aboujaoude said.“We’re not as good at compart-mentalizing as we think we are.More and more, society is going toresemble a chat room,”he added.The anonymity that we take forgranted on the Internet gives us theopportunity to construct onlineidentities that we see as separatefrom our “real life selves.”Howeveraccording to Tessa Price ‘12, a re-search assistant at the VirtualHuman Interaction Lab (VHIL) of associate professor of communica-tion Jeremy Bailenson, the separa-tion between these lives is becomingless clear.“Individuals are building theirphysical identities into digital em-bodiments and vice versa . . . we seethis on Facebook, World of War-craft, Second Life,” Price said.“Theinteraction between the physicalself and the digital self is so strongthere is little distinction betweenwhat is ‘you’ and what is ‘not you.’”In his book,Aboujaoude arguesthat the endless stream of “ClickHere’s” and “Buy Now’s” and“Meet Sexy Locals Tonight’s”erodes individuals’ impulse controland makes it easier to destroy one’soffline life than ever before.He draws a connection betweenthe recent recession and the atti-tudes toward spending that Ameri-cans have developed online. Whendropping $500 on Roberto Cavallirequires nothing more than typ-ing a number into a text box,there is more than enough timeto drain a bank account beforecarpal tunnel syndrome kicksin.“Money became a fic-tion,”Aboujaoude said.“Theway we were spending in theyears up to the recession wasmore like the way peoplespend in Second Life, thesame kind of lack of concern about conse-quence.”The Internetcan also foster se-rious problems inrelationship for-mation,and notjust because of the possibility of misplaced “sexts” andFacebook relationship sta-tus gaffes. For example, theprevalence of dating sites may en-courage suitors to makesuperficial judgments,searching endlessly forperfection while being lured into aninescapable loop of dissatisfaction.Even if you hit it off with some-one on your first date — or even if you are married — the idea that theInternet might offer someone bettercan seem endlessly alluring.These issues affect most of thecountry equally,according to Abou-jaoude’s data.While he expected theSilicon Valley and other higher-techareas to show higher rates of Inter-net-related real-life problems, therates proved similar across geo-graphic areas.So-called “digital natives,” thosewho grew up using the Internetdaily, did display higher rates of in-ternet-affected behaviors such ascompulsive buying. While rates of compulsive buying had long beensteady at six to eight percent,digitalnatives now display rates of 40 per-centa num-ber Abou-j a o u d ecalls “stag-gering.”Integralto the problem, of course, is that inher-ent in the Internet is also un-precedented access to information,news, culture and communicationplatforms.So how will the balance of objective gains and psychologicaldetriments play out? It’s too early toknow,according to Aboujaoude.“To some degree this is a big so-cial experiment, so it’s hard to pre-dict,” he said. However, he added,society needs to be more aware of the problem and make it easier toconfront.“This is not just an issue for richpeople; it can come up in each andevery one of us,” he said.As a cul-ture, we should be aware of theproblems and not make them some-thing you just deal with in the officeof a psychotherapist.”
Contact Zoe Leavitt at zleavitt@stan-ford.edu.
Courtesy of Elias Aboujaoude
ERIC KOFMAN/The Stanford Daily
affordable on-campus housing.TheUniversity finished building a facul-ty-housing complex last year onStanford Avenue, called OlmstedTerrace, with starting prices be-tween $700,000 and $900,000.Faculty can buy a three- or four-bedroom house with a 51-year re-strictive ground lease, after whichtime they must sell the home back toStanford. Despite the University’sefforts, the high cost of living re-mains a significant problem for as-sistant professors, especially forthose recently out of graduateschool without any money to spare.
Contact Janelle Wolak at jwolak@stanford.edu.
Continued from page 2
When the the line blurs between reality and your online avatar

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