Ethics Introduction and Utilitarianism
1. What is Ethics?What separates humans from animals?
Intelligence? Consciousness? Thought? Morality? – Moral decision making.
Humans think before making decisions and this is undeniably true when thesedecisions incorporate ethical or moral thinking. Depending upon our decisions andactions humans can feel guilt or satisfaction depending on how we feel about thecertain action – whether it is right or wrong.
So what is Ethics?
With these moral and ethical decisions there is much debate amongst all of humanityas to what is right or wrong; we disagree passionately with each other over how weshould live.
Ethics explores how humans decide what is right and wrong.It examines the ways in which different thinkers approach moral decision making andhave tried to define what it takes to be a good person.
1. A system of moral principles, values or beliefs.2. The branch of philosophy that deals with values of humanconduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certainactions and to the value (good or bad) of their motives and/or consequences/outcomes.
The body of moral principles, values or beliefs (or principle, value or belief)governing a distinct entity e.g. an individual, a group or nation;the principle by which people live.
1. Conformity to the rules of right conduct.2. A doctrine or system of morals; a system of ideas of rightand wrong conduct.
The doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the highest good;devotion to pleasure as a way of life.
The doctrine that, conduct should be directed towards creatingthe greatest happiness for the greatest number.
Covers religious and philosophical systems for making moraldecisions/statements as well as the analysis of them.
Focuses discussion on specific examples or dilemmas involved
with moral decision making, such as abortion and euthanasia.