History of Railways
Indian railways are older more than 150 years
In the year 1832 the first railway running on steam engine, was launched in England. Thereafter in may 1843 a young engineer graham Clark got down from a ship harbored at Mumbai (thenBombay). He was sent to India at the insistence of the textile industrialist of Manchester ,Lancashire, Liverpool, in England to find out how and in which part of India a railway can bebuilt which would be useful transport cheap cotton from Indian hinterland first to Bombay harbor and then from there to England by ship.Thereafter on 1
of august, 1849 the great Indian peninsular railways company was establishedin India. On 17th of august 1849, a contract was signed between the great Indian peninsular railway company and east India Company. As a result of contract an experiment was made bylaying a railway track between Bombay to thane (56 kms).
Important Years In Indian Railways
1832 Plans were proposed to introduce a rail network in India.1844 Private entrepreneurs set up a private rail system in India.1851 Trains became operational.1853 Passenger trains were introduced.1875 95 million pounds were invested into Indian railways by British companies.1895 Indian locomotives began to operate in the country.1901 A Railway Board was established.1907 The government obtained total control over most of the rail companies.1908 First electric locomotive was introduced.1947 40% of the railway network came under Pakistan's possession.1951 Nationalization of the rail system in India took place.1952 Six railway zones were introduced.1995 Steam locomotives became obsolete. Only diesel and electric locomotives wereoperational.1987-1995The Indian Railways reservation system was computerized.