Pre-Conditions for Hajj
Certain conditions have to be fulfilled before Hajj becomes a compulsory duty on mankind.
The first condition
is that of being a Muslim. Non-Muslims are, first and foremost,obliged to become Muslims after which the daily, monthly, yearly and once in a lifetime duties ofIslam successively become requirements. Hajj is a religious duty which must be accompaniedby the correct belief in order for it to be accepted by Allah.
The second and third conditions
are those of sanity and puberty. A Muslim has to havereached puberty and be of sound mind for his or her Hajj to become a duty. Divine rewards andpunishments are given as a result of human choice between good and evil. Since a child or aninsane person lack the ability to distinguish between good and evil, no religious duties arerequired of them. This principle of non-obligation is based on the following Hadith in which theProphet (was reported to have said: "The pen is raised from (the book of deeds) of three: thesleeper until he awakes, the child until he becomes a young man, and the insane until heregains his sanity."However, those who help such individuals perform Hajj are rewarded for their efforts. When theProphet (peace be upon him) was asked by a woman about her child making Hajj, he repliedthat the child could, but the reward would be given to her. Hence the insane individual whomade Hajj while in a state of insanity is still required to make Hajj if he regains his sanity.Likewise, children who make Hajj are required to do so again when they grow up. The Prophet(peace be upon him) said, "Any child who makes Hajj then reaches puberty must make anotherHajj."
The fourth condition
is that of ability based on the following Quranic verse:
And, pilgrimage to the House is duty on mankind to Allah for those who can find a waythere.[Noble Quran 3:97]
Similar statements of the Prophet (peace be upon him) define ability as being sufficientprovisions and transportation. Hence, a Muslim has to be economically able to make the trip. Ifhe has to borrow the money to make the journey, Hajj is not compulsory on him. In the case
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