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Physics-Waves

# Physics-Waves

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05/27/2013

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6.1 WAVESWhat iswaves?Process of transferring energy from one location to another which is produced by an oscillating or vibrating motion.Examples of wavesLight waves are produced as a result of vibrations of electrons in an atomSound waves are produced by vibrating mechanical bodiessuch as a guitar strings or a tuning fork.Water waves are produced by a disturbance on a still water surface.How dowavestransfer energy?When energy is transferred by a wave from a vibratingsource to a distant receiver, there is no transfer of matter between the two points.When the string is shaken up and down, adisturbance moves along the length of thestring. It is the disturbance that moves alongthe length of the string, not parts of the stringitself.The energytransferred from avibrating source toa receiver is carriedby a disturbance ina medium, not bymatter moving fromone place toanother within themediumDrop a stone in a quite pond. It will produce awave that moves out from the center in expandingcircles. It is the disturbance that moves, not thewater. After the disturbance passes, the water iswhere it was before the wave was produced .The string and water is the medium through whichwave energy travels.What isTransverseWave?A transverse wave is a wave in which the vibration of particles in the medium is at right angle to the direction of propagation of the wave.
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The spring is moved sideways. The motion of the particlesmedium (spring) is at right angles to the direction in which thewave travels.Examples: water waves, light wavesWhat isLongitudinal Waves?A longitudinal wave is a wave which the vibration of particlesin the medium is along (parallel to) the direction of propagation of the wave.The slinky spring moves backwards and forwards to producea transverse wave. The particles of the medium (spring) movealong the direction of the wave. The wave that travels alongthe spring consists of a series of compression andrarefaction.Examples: sounds waves.
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What is a ripple tank?The phenomenon of water waves can beinvestigated using a ripple tank.The water waves are produced by avibrating bar on the water surface.The tank is leveled so that the depth of water in the tank is uniform to ensurewater waves propagate with uniformspeed.The water acts as a lens toproduce a pattern of brightand dark regions on a piece of white paper placed under thetank when light passesthrough it.Water waves have crests andtroughs.A crest is the highest positionof the wave acts as a convexlens, whereas a trough is thelowest position acts as aconcave lens.Light rays from the lamp ontop will focus onto the whitescreen below. The brightlines correspond to thecrests, and the dark linescorrespond to the troughs.
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