6.1 WAVESWhat iswaves?Process of transferring energy from one location to another which is produced by an oscillating or vibrating motion.Examples of wavesLight waves are produced as a result of vibrations of electrons in an atomSound waves are produced by vibrating mechanical bodiessuch as a guitar strings or a tuning fork.Water waves are produced by a disturbance on a still water surface.How dowavestransfer energy?When energy is transferred by a wave from a vibratingsource to a distant receiver, there is no transfer of matter between the two points.When the string is shaken up and down, adisturbance moves along the length of thestring. It is the disturbance that moves alongthe length of the string, not parts of the stringitself.The energytransferred from avibrating source toa receiver is carriedby a disturbance ina medium, not bymatter moving fromone place toanother within themediumDrop a stone in a quite pond. It will produce awave that moves out from the center in expandingcircles. It is the disturbance that moves, not thewater. After the disturbance passes, the water iswhere it was before the wave was produced .The string and water is the medium through whichwave energy travels.What isTransverseWave?A transverse wave is a wave in which the vibration of particles in the medium is at right angle to the direction of propagation of the wave.