Subject + finite form of
: A letter was written.When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note thefollowing:
The object of the active sentence becomes the subjectof the passive sentence.
The finite form of the verb is changed (
The subject of the active sentence becomes the objectof the passive sentence (or is dropped).
c) Example of Passive
: Rita is writing a letter.
: A letter is being written by Rita.
4. Noun Phrase
is either a single noun or pronoun or a group of wordscontaining a noun or a pronoun that function together as a noun or pronoun, as the subject or object of a verb.
a. Example of Noun PhrasesExample 1
: John was late.('John' is the noun phrase functioning as the subject of the verb.)
: The people that I saw coming in the building at nine o'clock have just left.('The people ... nine o'clock' is a lengthy noun phrase, but it functions asthe subject of the main verb 'have just left'.)
5. Adverbial Phrase
An adverbial phrase is a group of related words which play the role of anadverb. Like all phrases, an adverbial phrase does not include a subject anda verb.
Tony decided to move to Reading
. (normal adverb)
Tony decided to move to Slough
in June last year
6. General/Common Noun
A common noun is a noun that refers to a person, thing andplace.
: dog, house, picture, computer
Common nouns are represented in the singular andplural form.
Common nouns are represented by lower case letters.
Examples of the usage of common nouns:
The red book is on the table.
The black dog is in my yard.
The computers are new.
7. Abstract Noun