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2010 Capital Crimes Annual Report

2010 Capital Crimes Annual Report

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Published by Mike DeWine

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Published by: Mike DeWine on Mar 30, 2011
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09/13/2013

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www.OhioAttorneyGeneral.gov 
C
apital 
C
rimes
nnual 
eport
s
tate
 
and
F
ederal 
C
ases
2010
Released April 1, 2011
 
 
Criminal Justice SectionOffice 614-728-7055Fax 614-728-8600150 E. Gay St., 16th FloorColumbus, OH 43215www.OhioAttorneyGeneral.gov 
April 1, 2011The Honorable John KasichGovernor of the State of OhioRiffe Center, 30 Floor
th
Columbus, OH 43215The Honorable Thomas E. NiehausPresident of the Ohio SenateStatehouse, 2
nd
FloorColumbus, OH 43215The Honorable William G. BatchelderSpeaker of the Ohio House of RepresentativesRiffe Center, 14
th
FloorColumbus, OH 43215The Honorable Maureen O’ConnorChief Justice of the Ohio Supreme CourtOhio Judicial CenterColumbus, OH 43215Dear Governor Kasich, Speaker Batchelder, President Niehaus, and Chief Justice O’Connor,The General Assembly requires the Ohio Attorney General to produce an annual report on capital punishmentregarding individuals who have been sentenced to death since Oct. 19, 1981. The report for the 2010 calendaryear follows. It was compiled by our Capital Crimes Unit using information provided from court records,county prosecutors, and the Department of Rehabilitation and Correction.You will find this report considerably larger than prior ones. This is not due to a significant increase in thenumber of new death row inmates. Rather, this year’s report includes more than 40 cases that were notpublished in prior reports.The Capital Crimes Unit added these cases upon closer examination of the statute and to ensure compliancewith the General Assembly’s requirement to report information about every instance an individual has beensentenced to death row since Oct. 19, 1981, regardless of whether the individual’s sentence of death wasvacated or his or her conviction was overturned. These cases are of historical interest only, as they do notinvolve pending court review of the prisoners’ convictions and sentences. Among the cases added are thoseof former death row inmates whose original convictions and death sentences occurred more than 20 yearsago. Every effort has been made to obtain accurate information on these cases.Very respectfully yours,Mike DeWineOhio Attorney General
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
HISTORY OF OHIO’S DEATH PENALTY
....................................................................................................1
 
H
ISTORICAL
B
ACKGROUND
...............................................................................................................................1
 
P
ROCEDURAL
C
HANGES TO
D
EATH
P
ENALTY
A
PPEALS
.....................................................................................1
 
L
EGISLATION
E
LIMINATES
E
LECTROCUTION
.....................................................................................................2
 
N
ATIONAL
B
AN ON
E
XECUTION OF
M
ENTALLY
R
ETARDED
I
NDIVIDUALS
.........................................................2
 
DNA
 
T
ESTING
O
FFERED TO
D
EATH
S
ENTENCED
I
NMATES
................................................................................2
 
O
HIO
U
PDATES
E
XECUTION
P
ROCEDURE TO A
O
NE
D
RUG
P
ROTOCOL
...............................................................3
 
OHIO’S DEATH PENALTY STATUTE
..........................................................................................................4
 
T
HE
C
APITAL
I
NDICTMENT
................................................................................................................................4
 
Aggravated Murder Defined by R.C. 2903.01...........................................................................................
4
 
Aggravating Circumstances – Specified in R.C. 2929.04(A)(1) – (A)(10)....................................................
4
 
N
OTIFICATION OF
C
APITAL
I
NDICTMENT TO
O
HIO
S
UPREME
C
OURT
 
R.C.
 
2929.021 ......................................5
 
T
HE
C
APITAL
T
RIAL
 
R.C.
 
2929.03..................................................................................................................5
 
Guilt/Culpability Phase................................................................................................................................
6
 
Sentencing/Mitigation Hearing R.C. 2929.03 and 2929.04.......................................................................
6
 
D
EATH
P
ENALTY
R
EVIEW
P
ROCESS
...................................................................................................................8
 
Direct Appeal in State Court........................................................................................................................
8
 
Post-Conviction Petition in State Court.......................................................................................................
8
 
“Murnahan” Appeal in State Court.............................................................................................................
9
 
Habeas Corpus in Federal Court: District Court Level...............................................................................
9
 
Habeas Corpus in Federal Court: Court of Appeals Level........................................................................
10
 
Habeas Corpus in Federal Court: U.S. Supreme Court Level...................................................................
10
 
Second Round of Federal Review...............................................................................................................
10
 
Executive Clemency Review .......................................................................................................................
11
 
F
LOWCHART
:
 
O
VERVIEW OF
D
EATH
P
ENALTY
A
PPELLATE
P
ROCESS
..............................................................12
 
MENTAL RETARDATION CLAIMS
............................................................................................................13
 
N
ATIONAL
B
AN ON
E
XECUTION OF
M
ENTALLY
R
ETARDED
I
NDIVIDUALS
.......................................................13
 
O
HIO
S
P
ROCEDURES FOR
A
SSESSING
M
ENTAL
R
ETARDATION
C
LAIMS
..........................................................13
 
M
ENTAL
R
ETARDATION
C
LAIMS
P
ENDING IN
S
TATE
C
OURT IN
2010..............................................................14
 
DNA TESTING
..................................................................................................................................................15
 
DNA
 
O
VERVIEW
..............................................................................................................................................15
 
L
EGISLATIVE
O
VERVIEW
.................................................................................................................................15
 
Capital Justice Initiative.............................................................................................................................
15
 
Senate Bill 11..............................................................................................................................................
16
 
Senate Bill 262............................................................................................................................................
16
 
R
EQUESTS FOR
DNA
 
T
ESTING
M
ADE TO
S
TATE
C
OURTS
................................................................................17
 
F
EDERAL
C
OURT
O
RDERED
DNA
 
T
ESTING
......................................................................................................19
 
S
TATE
C
ONDUCTED
DNA
 
T
ESTING
.................................................................................................................21
 
OVERVIEW OF ALL DEATH SENTENCES
................................................................................................23
 
Executions (41)...........................................................................................................................................
23
 
Commutations (14).....................................................................................................................................
24
 
Deceased Prior to Execution (20)..............................................................................................................
24
 
Ineligible for Death Sentence Based on Mental Retardation (8)................................................................
24
 
Pending Re-sentencing (7)..........................................................................................................................
25
 
Pending Re-trial (1)....................................................................................................................................
25
 
Other Death Sentences Removed Based on Judicial Action (64) ...............................................................
25
 
Active Death Sentences (155).....................................................................................................................
25
 
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