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on space changes the entire balance of global military power. And that is why theUS will remain the lone superpower for the next 20 years. With no force matchingthis, the US influence on the region and on RP will continue, if not increase, inthe following decades.
II. Regional: Geopolitical importance of the ASPAC and its impact toRP.
A 2001 study by Rand, the Pentagon think tank entitled The United States andAsia: Toward a New US Strategy and Force Posture, recognized the need for theUS to re-evaluate its strategy toward Asia. It reported:
The principal challenge for US regional strategy is to prevent 21
centuryAsia from becoming unstable and producing massive conflagrations.
Toward this goal, the US must begin to formulate policies that will enableAsia to develop peacefully and in ways compatible with US nationalinterests.
The US cannot hope to resolve every regional security issue in Asia, buttogether with its allies, it can strive to focus on the larger issues whileshaping the smaller ones so that they remain manageable.
At the same time, the US must build a framework for greater regionalcooperation in Asia.
Enhanced communication and more fully integrated economies will reducemisunderstanding and increase interdependence, thereby diminishing thelikelihood of major-power rivalry and armed conflict. Expanded securityalliances will further aid in deterring aggression.Cognizant of these, the September 2002 US National Security Strategy stressedthat:
To contend with uncertainty and to meet many security challenges we face,the United States will require bases and stations within and beyond Western Europe and Northeast Asia, as well as temporary access arrangements for the long distance deployment of US forces.
Current projects and exercises involving RP, for instance are well within theprinciple of temporary access arrangements for the long distance deployment ofUS forces as well as dealing with terrorism and long-range security issuesdirectly confronting RP and most countries, including the US.The 2001 US Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), on the other hand, called fora reorientation of the US global posture which must take account of newchallenges, particularly anti-access and anti-denial threats. The QDR also raisedthe issue of limited access to Asia. It found the alignment of US assetsconcentrated in Western Europe and Northeast Asia “inadequate for the newstrategic environment.”