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Architectural Engineering Design - Mechanical Systems

Architectural Engineering Design - Mechanical Systems

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Published by Adrian Iacob

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Published by: Adrian Iacob on Mar 31, 2011
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11/12/2012

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1.A. GENERAL
This publication includes two Æ (architectural engineering) hand-books,this one dealing with the design of mechanical systems and relatedcomponents, the other doing the same with structural systems. Each vol-ume also contains an interactive CD-ROM of its algebraic formulas that enables each equation to be solved quickly and accurately by computer.These handbooks and their accompanying disks contain architec-tural engineering information and algebraic equations for conceptualiz-ing,selecting, and sizing virtually every functional component in any kindofbuilding,fromshed toskyscraper,anywhereintheworld. Withtheseref-erences,anÆ designer can quickly determine whether a functional compo-nent is large enough to be safe for its intended purpose,yet not so largethatmoney iswasted. Certainlythesevolume-cum-disksarethoroughcom-pilations of technical knowledge acquired from academic study, officialresearch,and established office practice. But they also contain countlesspractical, insightful, and even a few horrifying anecdotes gleaned fromconstruction experiences,water-cooler dissertations,trade magazine edi-fications, and numerous other in-the-field events as they relate to ourspecies’ ongoing need for safe and comfortable shelter.These publications also emphasize the latest computerized controlsbeing incorporated into every functional aspect of today’s buildings.Today’s Æ designers cannot claim to be up with the times if they do not understand TBM systems. This includes the incredible production andenergysavings theycan bring,theproblems theycreate,and thesolutionstoday’s engineers are evolving to eliminate the latter.These volumes also stress that a vital aspect of any functional com-ponent’s design involves adequate access for maintaining it after con-struction; because it can be said that no matter how good any part is, it always fails eventually. Architects may think, and rightfully so, that main-tenance is not their problem; but 
accessing 
maintenance is no one else’sproblem. More than ever before, occupants of modern buildings are pris-oners of maintenance; and today’sÆ designers should be an ally to these
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INTRODUCTION
Downloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com)Copyright © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.Source: ARCHITECTURAL ENGINEERING DESIGN: MECHANICAL SYSTEMS
 
The Ecological House 
, Robert Brown Butler (Morgan & Morgan, Dobbs Ferry,
often-overlooked confinements and not an adversary.These volumes also emphasize environmentally appropriate archi-tecture whenever possible. They expostulate the view that not only shouldevery building inflict minimum damage to its site and environs, but everymaterial in them should inflict minimum environmental damage, undergominimum processing, create minimum packaging waste, and consume mini-mum energy on its journey from its home in the earth to its grave on thesite. Indeed, the hallmarks of environmental design —more than econo-mizing energy use and minimizing toxic waste— are creating maximum com-fort in minimumvolume and assembling natural materials simply. There is avital reason for this: the
wilderness ratio 
,which states that 
Every urban square mile requires about fifty square miles of wildernessto purify its air, recycle its water, absorb its wastes, modify its climate,and provide a substantial portion of its food and fiber needs without economic cost or human management. •
In architecture this is the ultimate catchment. The wilderness ratio indi-cates that we all must do everything we can to preserve nature as much aspossible —not so our children may enjoy its serene majesty someday, but simply so they may
breathe 
. This is especially important with buildings,fortheir construction and operation is a conspicuously consumptive use of natural resources; thus this publication promotes every possible energy-conserving measure involved in erecting and occupying built environ-ments. Such concern certainly includes conservation of electricity; as inthe United States an estimated 35 percent of all CO
2
(a greenhouse gas),65 percent of all SO
2
(a leading contributor of acid rain), and 36 percent ofall NO
X
(a major ingredient ofsmog) are produced by the generation of electricity.° But such concern also involves advocating thicker envelopeinsulation, structure with maximum strength-to-weight ratios, efficient lighting and climate control systems, occupancy sensors that turn lightsand heating off when a space is unoccupied, daylight harvesters that dimartificial lights when sunlight enters interior spaces, plumbing fixtureswith no-touch controls that reduce water consumption, TBM systems that lead to lower energy use, and any other means of producing the greatest effect with the smallest mass or means. Each comprises environmentaldesign so far as architecture is concerned, as a way of providing greateropportunity to do the same in the near and far future.Also let it never be said that these two volumes, in their preoccupa-tion with a building’s solid parts, imply that they are more important thanthe spaces they enclose. On the contrary! Obviously the Essence of Architecture is creating habitable and comfortable interior spaces —forwithout the voids, you have no solids. But just as obviously, you cannot have the spaces without their defining solids, a fact that Laotze poetical-ly described twenty-five centuries ago when he said:
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INTRODUCTIONDownloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com)Copyright © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.

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