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AbeViet KTS KTS1_C1

AbeViet KTS KTS1_C1

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Published by: AbeViet on Mar 31, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/03/2014

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1
Chöông 1: HEÄ THOÁNG SOÁ ÑEÁM ± SOÁNHÒ PHN
I. Caùc heä thoáng soá ñeám:1. Caùc khaùi nieäm:- Cô soá (r - radix):- Troïng soá (weight):- Giaù trò (value):
laø soá löôïng kyù töï chöõ soá (kyù soá -digit)söû duïng ñeå bieåu dieãn trong heä
 
thoáng soá ñeámñaïi löôïng bieåu dieãn cho vò trí cuûa 1con soá trong chuoãi soá.
Troïng soá = Cô soá 
 
Vò trí 
tính baèng toång theo troïng soá
Giaù trò =
(Ky 
ù soá 
x
Troïng soá)
 
2
400
+
0
+ 7 +
0
.6 +
0
.
02
+
0
.
005
=
407.625 
4 0
7 . 6
2 5
10
2
10
1
10
0
. 10
-1
10
-
2
10
-3
4x10
2
0x10
1
7x10
0
. 6x10
-1
2
x10
-
2
5
x10
-3
400 0 7 . 0.6 0.0
2
0.00
5
a. Soá thaäp phaân (Decimal):Cô soá r = 1
0b
. Soá nhò phaân (Binary):Cô soá r =
2
1
0
1 .
0
1 1
4
+
0
+ 1 +
0
+
0
.
25
+
0
.1
25
=
5.375 
2
2
2
1
2
0
.
2
-1
2
-
2
2
-3
1x
2
2
0x
2
1
1x
2
0
. 0x
2
-1
1x
2
-
2
1x
2
-3
4 0 1 . 0 0.
25
0.1
25
 
3
c. Soá thaäp luïc phaân (Hexadecimal):Cô soá r = 16
HexadecimalDecimalBinaryHexadecimalDecimalBinary
0
1
2345
67
0
1
2345
67
0000000
1
00
1
000
11
0
1
000
1
0
1
0
11
00
11189ABCDEF891
0
111
2
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
000
1
00
11
0
1
0
1
0
1111
00
11
0
1111
0
1111
5
A
0
.
4
D 11
2
8
0
+ 16
0
+
0
+
0
.
25
+
0
.
050
8 +
0
.
0002
=
1
440.30 
1
16
2
16
1
16
0
. 16
-1
16
-
2
16
-3
5
x16
2
10x16
1
0x16
0
. 4x16
-1
13x16
-
2
1x16
-3
1
28
0 160 0 . 0.
25
0.0
5
0
8
0.000
2

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