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English Grammar

English Grammar

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Published by: Maria Cebrian Perruca on Mar 31, 2011
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07/14/2013

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More information at: www.wix.com/carrmeer/guiainglesCreated by: María Cebrián Perruca Beatriz Sánchez Marco
1. PRONOUNS
De SujetoI
YoYou
He
ÉlShe
EllaIt
ElloWe
NosotrosYou
VosotrosThey
EllosDe ObjetoMe
me (a/con/para mí)You
te (a/con/para ti)Him
le (a/con/para él)Her 
la (a/con/para ella)It
lo (a/con/para ello)Us
Nos (a/con/para nosotros)You
os (a/con/para vosotros)Them
les (a/con/para ellos)PosesivosMine
mío/s/os/as (el/la/los/las mío/s/os/as)Yours
tuyo/s/os/as (el/la/los/las tuyo/s/os/as)His
suyo/s/os/as (de él) (el/la/los/las suyo/s/os/as)Hers
suyo/s/os/as (de ella) (el/la/los/las suyo/s/os/as)Ours
nuestro/s/os/as (el/la/los/las nuestro/s/os/as)Yours
vuestro/s/os/as (el/la/los/las vuestro/s/os/as)Theirs
suyo/s/os/as (de ellos) (el/la/los/lassuyo/s/os/as)Determinantes PosesivosMy
mi/misYour 
tu/tusHis
su/sus (de él)Her 
su/sus (de ella)Its
su/sus (de ello)Our 
Nuestro/os/a/asYour 
vuestro/os/a/asTheir 
su/sus (de ellos/as)
10
 
 
More information at: www.wix.com/carrmeer/guiainglesCreated by: María Cebrián Perruca Beatriz Sánchez Marco
2. PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PRESENTE SIMPLE
USO: acciones habituales, rutinarias, horarios, etc.
FORMACIÓN: infinitivo sin TO (*3ª pna con –s / -es; excepto can, must, may, should,might)
ESTRUCTURA:
o
AFIRMATIVA:
I play football.
I eat with my family.
o
NEGATIVA:
I don’t speak French.
He doesn’t listen to rock.
o
INTERROGATIVA:
Do you like pink colour?
Does she walk every day?
PRESENTE CONTINUO
USO:
o
Acciones que están pasando en el momento en el que hablamos.
o
Acciones que sucederán en un futuro próximo y que normalmente estánpensadas o planeadas.
FORMACIÓN: am/is/are + gerundio (SIEMPRE LOS DOS ELEMENTOS)
ESTRUCTURA:
o
AFIRMATIVA:
I am playing football.
They are reading a book.
o
NEGATIVA:
He isn’t working today.
She isn’t riding a bike.
o
INTERROGATIVA:
Are you speaking Spanish?
Are you watching TV tonight?
10
 
Para distinguir los dos usos, en el segundo caso se añaden adverbios detiempo que así lo indican (tomorrow, this afternoon, tonight…)Si aparecen adverbios como now, right now, at the moment… o no apareceningún adverbio estamos ante el uso 1
 
 
More information at: www.wix.com/carrmeer/guiainglesCreated by: María Cebrián Perruca Beatriz Sánchez Marco
3. PAST SIMPLE AND PAST CONTINUOUS
PASADO SIMPLE
USO: para acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado y ya están acabadas.
FORMACIÓN:
o
Verbos regulares: infinitivo + ed.
o
Verbos irregulares: lista de verbos.
ESTRUCTURA:
o
Afirmativa:
I played basketball.
He ran in the park.
o
Negativa:
You didn’t read a book.
She didn’t take a photo.
o
Interrogativa:
Did you go to school?
Did you drink water?
PASADO CONTINUO
USO: acciones del pasado que estaban ocurriendo en un momento concreto.
FORMACIÓN: was/were + infinitivo –ing (gerundio)
ESTRUCTURA:
o
Afirmativa:
I was studying.
We were watching TV.
o
Negativa:
I wasn’t playing football.
He wasn’t driving.
o
Interrogativa:
Was I running?
Were they reading?
10
 
La combinación de pasado continuo y el pasado simple en la misma frase nos sirvepara indicar que mientras algo estaba sucediendo tuvo lugar otra cosa.Las conjunciones que utilizamos para unir los dos tiempos en una misma frase sonwhen y while.EJ:She was reading when te telephone rang.He fell while he was running.

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