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Table Of Contents

Opinions
Introduction
Chapter 1
Political history of the Panjab
Main currents
1.1 Phase 1 (Prehistoric & Vedic period)
1.2 Phase2 (Foreign Invasions)
1.3 Phase 3 (Muslim Rule)
1.4 Phase 4 (British Rule)
Chapter 2
Origin and development of language
2.1 How languages are born
2.2 How languages develop
2.3 Indo-European Languages
Chapter 3
Origin of Panjabi language
3.1 Dravidian Languages
3.2 Dravidian influence in Panjabi
3.3 Language of the Rig Veda
3.4 Impact of the Vedas on Panjabi
3.5 Impact of religion on language
3.6 Prakrit
3.7 Apbhransh
3.8 Modern Panjabi
3.9 Dialects of Panjabi
3.10 Nomenclature
3.11 Foreign influences on Panjabi
Languages of India
4.4 Evaluation of the sources of Gurmukhi
4.5 Conclusion
4.6 How were the Gurus’ hymns preserved?
4.7 Gurmukhi writings before Guru Nanak
4.8 The Gurus preserved Gurmukhi script
4.9 The facts
4.10 Modifications of Gurmukhi Script
4.11 Some Distinctive qualities of Gurmukhi
Chapter 5
History of the Gurmukhi script
5.1 Origin of scripts
5.2 Brahmi and Kharoshti Scripts
5.3 Siddh Matrika script
5.4 Gurmukhi script
5.5 Gurmukhi and Siddh Matrika
5.6 Why is it called Gurmukhi?
5.7 Antiquity of Gurmukhi
5.8 Alphabets of Gurmukhi
5.9 Conclusion
Chapter 6
Panjabi writings of pre- Guru Period
6.1 Pre-Nanak Panjabi literature
6.2 Siddh Naths (850AD – 1540 AD)
6.3 Ballads of Panjabi (pMjwbI vwrW)
Chapter 7
Footprints on the sands of time
7.1 Mohinjo Daro (Mound of the dead)
7.2 Harrappa
7.3 Why Mohinjo Daro and Harrappa disappeared?
7.4 Estimates of antiquity
7.5 Centres of Panjabi civilization
Chapter 8
The glorious past
8.1 The Vedas
8.2 Medicine
8.3 Chemistry
8.4 Physics
8.5 Mathematics
8.6 Geometry
8.7 Algebra
8.8 Astronomy
8.9 Metallurgy
8.10 Religion
8.11 Politics
Chapter 9
The Present Panjab
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Panjab and Panjabi

Panjab and Panjabi

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Published by: aresje on Apr 01, 2011
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07/10/2013

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