[O, my father, I fear that you may be touched by a punishment from the Merciful,and be an ally of the devil.] Qur’an 19/45
[O, you who believe, do not take my enemy and your enemy as allies towardwhom you (secretly) cast your love.] Qur’an 60/1
[Our Lord, do not make us a temptation for the rejecters of faith, and forgive us,you are the mighty, the wise.] Qur’an 60/5
Once it is known that there are among the people allies (
) of the Merciful, and allies of the devil, we must differentiate between this group and that, just as Allah and His Prophet (sas)differentiated between them. The allies of Allah are the pious believers, as Allah said:
[Surely, there is no fear upon the allies of Allah, nor shall they grieve: those whobelieve and are pious (have
).] Qur’an 10/62-63
Abu Huraira narrates in the sahih hadith found in the collection of Al-Bukhari, that the Prophet(sas) said:
"Allah ta’ala says: I have declared war on anyone who is an enemy of any of myallies. There is nothing better with which my slave can come closer to me thanfulfilling all that I have made obligatory upon him. Then, my slave will continueto come closer to me be making extra efforts until I love him. When I love him, Iam his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hand withwhich he strikes, and his leg with which he walks. If he asks me, I will give him,if he seeks refuge with me, I will give him refuge. I have not hesitated inanything which I do as I hesitate in taking the soul of my believing slave. Hedislikes death, and I dislike annoying him, but he must meet his death."
This is the most authenticated narration about the
(allies) of Allah, in it, the Prophetexplains that to be enemies of the allies of Allah, is to enter into warfare against Allah!
In another hadith, the Prophet (sas) says:
"I will take revenge for my allies as the revenge of a ferocious fighting lion."
i.e. He will extract revenge from those who oppose His allies as a fighting lion takes his revenge.The reason for this is that the
(allies) of Allah are those who believe in Him, and givetheir full loyalty to Him. Thus, they love all that which Allah loves, hate what He hates, arepleased with what pleases Him, despise what He despises, they enjoin that which He enjoins,forbid that which He forbids, give to those whom Allah loves for them to be given, and withholdfrom those whom Allah loves not to receive. The Prophet said, in a hadith narrated by At-Tirmidhi and others:
"The most dependable handhold on faith is: love for the sake of Allah and hatredfor the sake of Allah."
And, in another hadith, narrated by Abu Daud, the Prophet said:
"Whoever loves for Allah, hates for Allah, gives for Allah, and withholds for Allah,has sought the completion of his faith."
The word for the allies of Allah,
, comes from the root
isthe opposite of enmity (
). The basic meaning of
is love and closeness, while thebasic meaning of
is hatred and distance. It has also been said that the
(of Allah)has been called this because of his consistency (
- from the same root) in obedienceto Allah, but the first analysis is more correct. The
, therefore, is one who is close. It is saidthis one
(the verb from the same root) that one i.e. is close to him. Another example is thestatement of the Prophet:
"Give the assigned portions (i.e. of the inheritance) to their rightful owners, thenthat which the assigned portions leave should be given to the nearest (
, thesuperlative from the same root we are discussing) male man."