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Table Of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
SURVIVAL ACTIONS
S -Size Up the Situation
U -Use All Your Senses, Undue Haste Makes Waste
R -Remember Where You Are
V -Vanquish Fear and Panic
I -Improvise
V -Value Living
A -Act Like the Natives
L -Live by Your Wits, But for Now, Learn Basic Skills
PATTERN FOR SURVIVAL
CHAPTER 2 - PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL
A LOOK AT STRESS
Need for Stress
Survival Stressors
NATURAL REACTIONS
Anger and Frustration
Depression
Loneliness and Boredom
Guilt
PREPARING YOURSELF
Know Yourself
Anticipate Fears
Be Realistic
Adopt a Positive Attitude
Remind Yourself What Is at Stake
Train
Learn Stress Management Techniques
CHAPTER 3 - SURVIVAL PLANNING AND SURVIVAL KITS
IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING
SURVIVAL KITS
CHAPTER 4 - BASIC SURVIVAL MEDICINE
REQUIREMENTS FOR MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH
Water
Food
Plant Foods
Animal Foods
Personal Hygiene
Keep Your Hands Clean
Keep Your Hair Clean
Keep Your Clothing Clean
Keep Your Teeth Clean
Take Care of Your Feet
Get Sufficient Rest
Keep Camp Site Clean
MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
Breathing Problems
Severe Bleeding
Shock
LIFESAVING STEPS
Open Airway and Maintain
Control Bleeding
Direct Pressure
Elevation
Pressure Points
Digital Ligation
Tourniquet
BONE AND JOINT INJURY
Fractures
Dislocations
Sprains
BITES AND STINGS
Treatment
Bee and Wasp Stings
Spider Bites and Scorpion Stings
Snakebites
WOUNDS
Open Wounds
Skin Diseases and Ailments
Boils
Fungal Infections
Rashes
Frostbite
Trench Foot
Burns
ENVIRONMENTAL INJURIES
Heatstroke
Hypothermia
Diarrhea
Intestinal Parasites
HERBAL MEDICINES
Three-Pole Parachute Tepee
One-Pole Parachute Tepee
No-Pole Parachute Tepee
One-Man Shelter
Parachute Hammock
Field-Expedient Lean-To
Swamp Bed
Natural Shelters
Debris Hut
Tree-Pit Snow Shelter
Beach Shade Shelter
Desert Shelters
CHAPTER 6 - WATER PROCUREMENT
WATER SOURCES
STILL CONSTRUCTION
Aboveground Still
Belowground Still
WATER PURIFICATION
WATER FILTRATION DEVICES
CHAPTER 7 - FIRECRAFT
BASIC FIRE PRINCIPLES
SITE SELECTION AND PREPARATION
FIRE MATERIAL SELECTION
HOW TO BUILD A FIRE
Tepee
Lean-To
Cross-Ditch
Pyramid
HOW TO LIGHT A FIRE
Modern Methods
Matches
Convex Lens
Metal Match
Battery
Gunpowder
Primitive Methods
Flint and Steel
Fire-Plow
Bow and Drill
CHAPTER 8 - FOOD PROCUREMENT
ANIMALS FOR FOOD
Insects
Worms
Crustaceans
Mollusks
Amphibians
Reptiles
Birds
Mammals
TRAPS AND SNARES
Use of Bait
Trap and Snare Construction
Simple Snare
Drag Noose
Twitch-Up
Twitch-Up Snare
Squirrel Pole
Ojibwa Bird Pole
Noosing Wand
Treadle Spring Snare
Paiute Deadfall
Bow Trap
Pig Spear Shaft
Bottle Trap
KILLING DEVICES
Rabbit Stick
Spear
Bow and Arrow
Sling
FISHING DEVICES
Improvised Fishhooks
Stakeout
Gill Net
Fish Traps
Spearfishing
Chop Fishing
Fish Poison
Snakes
Skinning and Butchering Game
Smoking Meat
Drying Meat
Other Preservation Methods
Freezing
Brine and Salt
CHAPTER 9 - SURVIVAL USE OF PLANTS
EDIBILITY OF PLANTS
Plant Identification
Universal Edibility Test
Seaweeds
SEAWEEDS
Preparation of Plant Food
PLANTS FOR MEDICINE
Terms and Definitions
Specific Remedies
CHAPTER 10 - POISONOUS PLANTS
HOW PLANTS POISON
ALL ABOUT PLANTS
RULES FOR AVOIDING POISONOUS PLANTS
CONTACT DERMATITIS
INGESTION POISONING
CHAPTER 11 - DANGEROUS ANIMALS
INSECTS AND ARACHNIDS
Scorpions
Spiders
Centipedes and Millipedes
Bees, Wasps, and Hornets
Ticks
Fish Dangerous to Handle, Touch, or Contact
Animals and Fish Poisonous to Eat
Other Dangerous Sea Creatures
CLUBS
Simple Club
Weighted Club
Sling Club
EDGED WEAPONS
Knives
Spear Blades
Arrow Points
OTHER EXPEDIENT WEAPONS
Throwing Stick
Archery Equipment
Bola
LASHING AND CORDAGE
Natural Cordage Selection
Lashing Material
RUCKSACK CONSTRUCTION
Horseshoe Pack
Square Pack
CLOTHING AND INSULATION
Parachute Assembly
Animal Skins
Plant Fibers
COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS
Bowls
Forks, Knives, and Spoons
Pots
Water Bottles
CHAPTER 13 - DESERT SURVIVAL
TERRAIN
Mountain Deserts
Rocky Plateau Deserts
NEED FOR WATER
HEAT CASUALTIES
Heat Cramps
Heat Exhaustion
Heat Stroke
PRECAUTIONS
DESERT HAZARDS
CHAPTER 14 - TROPICAL SURVIVAL
TROPICAL WEATHER
JUNGLE TYPES
Tropical Rain Forests
Secondary Jungles
Semievergreen Seasonal and Monsoon Forests
Tropical Scrub and Thorn Forests
Tropical Savannas
Saltwater Swamps
Freshwater Swamps
TRAVEL THROUGH JUNGLE AREAS
IMMEDIATE CONSIDERATIONS
WATER PROCUREMENT
Animals as Signs of Water
Water From Plants
Vines
Roots
Palm Trees
Water From Condensation
FOOD
POISONOUS PLANTS
CHAPTER 15 - COLD WEATHER SURVIVAL
COLD REGIONS AND LOCATIONS
Wet Cold Weather Environments
Dry Cold Weather Environments
WINDCHILL
HYGIENE
MEDICAL ASPECTS
COLD INJURIES
Trench Foot and Immersion Foot
Dehydration
Cold Diuresis
Sunburn
Snow Blindness
Constipation
Insect Bites
SHELTERS
Snow Cave Shelter
Snow Trench Shelter
Snow Block and Parachute Shelter
Snow House or Igloo
Lean-To Shelter
Fallen Tree Shelter
Tree-Pit Shelter
20-Man Life Raft
FIRE
WATER
Fish
Sea Ice Animals
Plants
TRAVEL
WEATHER SIGNS
Wind
Clouds
Smoke
Birds and Insects
Low-Pressure Front
CHAPTER 16 - SEA SURVIVAL
THE OPEN SEA
Precautionary Measures
Down at Sea
Cold Weather Considerations
Hot Weather Considerations
Raft Procedures
Sailing Rafts
Food Procurement
Medical Problems Associated With Sea Survival
Sharks
Detecting Land
Rafting or Beaching Techniques
Swimming Ashore
Pickup or Rescue
SEASHORES
Special Health Hazards
CHAPTER 17 - EXPEDIENT WATER CROSSINGS
RIVERS AND STREAMS
RAPIDS
RAFTS
Brush Raft
Australian Poncho Raft
Poncho Donut Raft
Log Raft
FLOTATION DEVICES
OTHER WATER OBSTACLES
VEGETATION OBSTACLES
CHAPTER 18 - FIELD-EXPEDIENT DIRECTION FINDING
USING THE SUN AND SHADOWS
Shadow-Tip Methods
The Watch Method
USING THE MOON
USING THE STARS
The Northern Sky
The Southern Sky
MAKING IMPROVISED COMPASSES
OTHER MEANS OF DETERMINING DIRECTION
CHAPTER 19 - SIGNALING TECHNIQUES
APPLICATION
MEANS FOR SIGNALING
Visual Signals
Audio Signals
CODES AND SIGNALS
Ground-to-Air Emergency Code
Body Signals
Panel Signals
Aircraft Acknowledgments
AIRCRAFT VECTORING PROCEDURES
CHAPTER 20 - SURVIVAL MOVEMENT IN HOSTILE AREAS
PHASES OF PLANNING
Contingency Plan of Action (CPA)
Standing Operating Procedures
Notification to Move and Avoid Capture
EXECUTION
Hide Site Activities
Hole-Up Areas
RETURN TO FRIENDLY CONTROL
Border Crossings
Linkup at the FEBA/FLOT
Linkup With Friendly Patrols
Animal Stalking
CHAPTER 22 - CONTACT WITH PEOPLE
CONTACT WITH LOCAL PEOPLE
THE SURVIVOR'S BEHAVIOR
CHANGES TO POLITICAL ALLEGIANCE
CHAPTER 23 - SURVIVAL IN MAN-MADE HAZARDS
THE NUCLEAR ENVIRONMENT
Effects of Nuclear Weapons
Types of Nuclear Bursts
Nuclear Injuries
Residual Radiation
Bodily Reactions to Radiation
Countermeasures Against Penetrating External Radiation
Shelter
Water Procurement
BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS
Biological Agents and Effects
Detection of Biological Agents
Influence of Weather and Terrain
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENTS
Detection of Chemical Agents
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FM 21-76 US ARMY SURVIVAL MANUAL-Abridged

FM 21-76 US ARMY SURVIVAL MANUAL-Abridged

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Published by: kozyhu on Apr 01, 2011
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