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Towards Sustainable Agriculture

Towards Sustainable Agriculture

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Published by: GiaToula54 on Apr 02, 2011
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04/02/2011

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United NationsEducational, Scientific andCultural OrganizationDivision of Ecological andEarth SciencesScientific Committeeon Problems of the EnvironmentUnited NationsEnvironment ProgrammeInternational Assessment of AgriculturalKnowledge, Science and Technologyfor Development
 
Key finding:
The environmental shortcomings of agriculturalpractice associated with poor socioeconomic conditionscreate a vicious cycle in which poor small-scale farmershave to deforest and use new, often marginal lands, soincreasing deforestation and overall degradation.
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
 
 
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Key finding:
Projections based on a continuation of currentpolicies and practices indicate that global demographicchanges and changing patterns of income distributionover the next 50 years will lead to different patternsof food consumption and increased demand for food.Global cereal demand is projected to increase by 75%between 2000 and 2050 and global meat demandis expected to double. More than three-fourths of growthin demand in both cereals and meat is projected to bein developing countries.
(# 5)Key finding:
Agriculture operates within complex social,economic and environmental systems and so should beseen as multifunctional in its nature. A multifunctionalapproach to AKST will enhance impact on the alleviationof hunger and poverty, and improve human nutrition andlivelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner.
(# 6)

Key finding:
An increase and strengthening of AKSTtowards greater adoption of agroecological scienceswill contribute to addressing environmental issues whilemaintaining and increasing productivity.
(# 7)



Key finding:
Significant pro-poor progress requires creatingopportunities for innovation and entrepreneurshipwhich explicitly target resource-poor farmers and rurallabourers.
(# 13)


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