PHASE 1: PRE-FEASIBILITY AND CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT
NDAKANA ZERO WASTE AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS CLUSTER
Coastal Environmental Services March 18, 2010
This pre-feasibility study was commissioned by ASPIRE, the development agency for theAmathole District Municipality, following the recommendations of the Amabele Local SpatialDevelopment Framework (2009) which called for the development of a zero wasteagricultural business cluster at Ndakana. The objective of the study was to identify regenerative economic activities that will compliment the nearby R45m, 200 ha organicberry farm known as Amathole Berries and the proposed berry handling and support facility at Amabele as well as the renewal of Amabele and Ndakana villages.Zero-waste agriculture is essentially an “agro-ecological” approach to the integration of biological systems that makes functional connections between agriculture, aquaculture, foodprocessing, waste management, water use, and fuel generation. It is an integrative andholistic approach to rural development which links sustainable agricultural development,with economic development and social development, includes traditional knowledge systemsand the goals and aspirations of the community. Wastes and by-products from one operationare used as inputs for another. In this way food, fertiliser, animal feed and fuel can beproduced with the minimum input of nutrients, water and other resources.Agroecological systems are seen by science[
] as the best solution for addressing foodsecurity, climate change mitigation and adaptation, the global food price crisis and therealization of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs): the reduction of hunger andpoverty, the improvement of rural livelihoods and human health, and facilitating equitable,socially, environmentally and economically sustainable development. The IAASTD [
] notonly showed that intensive agro-ecological farming practices are more productive andsustainable than conventional agriculture but called on Governments and developmentagencies to focus their attention on agroecological farming systems in order to achieve foodsecurity, climate adaptation and climate change resilience.Ndakana consists predominantly of 2350ha of tribal land owned by the Amazibula tribe witha population of about 8000 people living in 1500 households located in four villages. Theland use of this area can be broadly categorised as follows.
Households (including food gardens): 280 ha
Cultivated land (recent): 300 ha
Forests (gum and wattle): 250 ha
Communal grazing: 1420 ha
Wattle encroachment onto grazing land: 100 ha
The International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) is themost comprehensive assessment of agriculture and food security ever undertaken. The purpose of IAASTD was to assess agricultural knowledge, science and technology in order to use agriculturalknowledge, science, and technology more effectively to reduce hunger and poverty, improve rurallivelihoods, and facilitate equitable, environmentally, socially and economically sustainabledevelopment. The project is a major global initiative, developed out of a four year consultative processinvolving 1200 scientists experts and agro-economists (including two peer reviews) from 110 countriesfrom all regions of the world. The IAASTD was launched as an intergovernmental process, with a multi-stakeholder Bureau, under the co-sponsorship of the FAO, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, the WorldBank and WHO. The resulting World Agricultural Report published in 2008 has been ratified by 58countries. To learn more about the IAASTD at http://www.agassessment.org.