How’s this for gratitude?
There Are No Calories
Technically, a unit of thermal energy definedas the quantity of heat required to raise thetemperature of 1 gram of water by 1degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure.That would be equivalent to 41,840,000 ergsor just under 42 Joules. It is used as a wayto express the amount of static energyavailable in food. Food calories are actuallymeasured in a 1-kilogram water environment, so the value is 1000 timesgreater. Hence, the designation Kcal is usedin measuring dietary calories.Although the caloric measurementsof foods are stored in a database, thatdatabase was developed by simply placingindividual foods in water – in a temperaturecontrolled environment – and thenmeasuring the amount of temperaturechange. Thismethodology does, however,
pose some problems.Primarily, that the amount of energyyour body takes in, vs. the amount it can
, are two different things. An uncookedegg, placed in a bowl of water, is capable of raising the temperature of that water to anamount commensurate with a measurementfactor of 70Kcal. That doesn’t mean that afried egg will deliver the energy of 70calories to your body. Nor does it mean youbody can use those calories, even if they aredelivered. The mechanism your body usesto convert food into energy is called your
and different foods impact it indifferent ways.
Calories in foods are broken downinto 3 primary
.They areproteins, fats and carbohydrates. Your bodyuses proteins to create cells, and to providechannels for feeding the cells. It uses fats tostore energy, and to lubricate joints. Fatsalso provide a water source to cells. Finally,there are carbohydrates. This chemicalgroup is divided into two main subgroups,simple – consisting of starches and sugars,and complex – which are the
sugars and dietary fiber. In some cases, fatscan be converted into simple carbohydratesthrough a process known as
.Likewise, proteins can also convert intosugars via