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Macedonian Digest April 2011

Macedonian Digest April 2011

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The Macedonian Digest
From the readers for the readers”
Edition 64 – April 2011
 
======oOo======
Editor’s Notes
 Our Name is Macedoniawww.mhrmi.org/our_name_is_macedonia 
Feature Stories
 
Pascali: Some Macedonian Politicians work against Macedonia
 Friday, 11 March 2011http://macedoniaonline.eu/content/view/17734/1/It's impossible to escape the feeling that certain high ranking Macedonian structures in Parliament areworking against their own country, says US analyst Umberto Pascali in an interview for MacedonianTV."There has been numerous attempts by other countries aided by Macedonian politicians who work withhysterical determination to destabilize their own country from the inside", says Pascali.Commenting on statements by analysts who claimed Macedonia is close to being destabilized, Pascaliexplains that the reality shows something else. "It's very true that there are powerful countries who atthis moment wage informational war against Macedonian leaders who have not accepted any sort of blackmail from anyone and are looking out for the very best interests for the country. Lets face it, noone likes leaders that can't be bought."Pascali explained of the so called "colored revolutions" waged against nations who would prefer tokeep their national sovereignty."We have seen lots of names so far, from orange to jasmine to rose revolutions. All of these'revolutions' follow the same scheme. You have a small group of very vocal protesters (financed bywestern philanthropists) who take over a very visible public space (ex: town square) and all carryEnglish written signs!? These people are less than 1% of the population and is very much antidemocratic. However, these are the people who get in the focus of the international media who fillstheir programming with the plight of the protesters 24/7. The rest, the 99% of the population doesn'tmatter, it's that 1% that does. The aim, of course is to portray the leader of the country as a dictator after which foreign forces intervene to protect the "rights" of the protesters. The people in Governmentare afraid what may happen to them and end up accepting the anti democratic farce. There, you haveyour colored 'revolution'," explains Pascali.
 
"In Macedonia , the situation is much different. Your PM was elected with overwhelming majority.Your citizens are very patriotic and intelligent. The numerous attempts to destabilize the nation byexternal manipulators and their internal helpers made the country only stronger and the leaders moredetermined. Skopje is the center of the Euro-Asian highways (8, 10) that connects North and South,East and West. This is the key for great progress and prosperity. Macedonians have shown time andtime again that their future will not be held hostage by outsiders and Fifth Colony insiders," statedUmberto Pascali for MTV. 
Not another BIG Greek Lie?
 
The Myth of Greek Ethnic 'Purity'Macedonia
 
and Greece,
John Shea, 1997 pp.77-96 
THE GREAT ETHNIC MIX OF GREECE
 Just as Macedonia and other Balkan states were invaded by Slavs and other peoples from the north andfrom within the Balkans themselves, so were the lands that eventually were to become modern Greece .We need to examine this issue, since the modern Greeks repeatedly argue that they are direct ethnicdescendants of the ancient Greeks and Macedonians. The fact is that the ethnic, linguistic, and culturaldevelopments that these invasions created simply built upon similar movements of peoples into and outof the Balkans in the ancient past.
THE MYTH OF GREEK ETHNIC PURITY
Greek writers give a great deal of emphasis to the idea of Greek racial purity. For instance, in speakingof the movements of Germanic tribes in the Balkans before the Slavs, the writer of Macedonia Historyand Politics says that the Goths were beaten off and the invasions in the fourth century did not lead to"ethnological adulteration." In speaking about more modern times the writer says (p. 43), " Greecebecame involved in the 'Macedonian disputes,' because of political pressure from the Bulgarians andYugoslavs, and because of the sensitivity of the Greeks towards the historical continuity of their race."Clearly this view about racial purity amongst the Greeks, presented here in a magazine distributed bythe Greek government in English-speaking countries, is important to the Greeks.Macedonia has been represented as a buffer protecting Hellenism from the waves of the barbariansthroughout the centuries. Thus it is argued by modern Greeks that the area of the present-day Republicof Macedonia was affected by these barbarian invasions, but the lands that are now Greece were largelyunaffected.'The Greek insistence on ethnological purity for its people is not unusual among expressions of nationalism. The American political scientist Buck explained that the notion of physical kinshipimplied in the word "nation" is the most conspicuous element in the popular conception of nationality.However, it is also the least realistic. Buck points out that we have only to think of the extent of invasion and colonization that has occurred in nearly every corner of Europe to realize that this notioncould at best be only approximate. More importantly, from the viewpoint of historical analysis, it is not
 
possible to demonstrate national family connections. Recorded descent is at best restricted to a fewfamilies that are notable for some reason or another. All that can be shown convincingly is linguisticdescent, but this is often taken as evidence of national descent.'Anthony D. Smith points out, specifically in reference to the modern Greek nation, "Greek demographic continuity was brutally interrupted in the late sixth to eighth centuries A.D. by massiveinfluxes of Avar, Slav and later, Albanian immigrants." He adds that modern Greeks "could hardlycount as being of ancient Greek descent, even if this could never be ruled out.”It seems clear that Greek nationalists do not wish to examine evidence concerning the present statewithin Greece that may reflect on this question about the reality of ethnic purity. The editor of TheTimes, long the most prestigious of British newspapers, wrote in August 1993: "Since 1961, no Greek census has carried details of minorities. This is because successive Greek governments, ‘a la modejaponaise,' subscribe to a myth of homogeneity. Today, the historical refusal to acknowledge ethnic or cultural plurality has transmogrified into a refusal to accept political dissent in relation to these ethnicor cultural questions."Simon Mcllwaine writes, "Modern Greek identity is based on an unshakable conviction that the Greek State is ethnically homogenous. This belief ... has entailed repeated and official denial of the existenceof minorities which are not of 'pure' Hellenic origin. The obsession with Greek racial identity involvesthe distortion of the history of the thousands of years when there was no such thing as a Greek nationstate.Many of the views that follow explain that, whether the Greeks feel comfortable with the idea or not,their peoples are of diverse ethnic background, a great mix of the peoples of the Balkans, and havebeen for the past several thousand years. If all of the peoples of the Balkans were subjected to mixtureof varying degrees with the invaders, as was certainly the case, then the argument might readily bemade that modern-day Greeks are no more ethnically related to early Greeks than present-dayMacedonians are to ancient Macedonians.Ancient Greeks. A common assumption is that ancient peoples were ethnically homogenous. As hasalready been noted with regard to the peoples of Macedonia , the kingdom was undoubtedly a great mixof people, and the diversity increased with the expansion of the Macedonian Empire. There wasprobably a comparable mix of peoples in various Greek city-states. While the Greeks who came intothe Balkan peninsula became the dominant people in that area, strong influences from the earlier inhabitants remained. "For certain areas of the Greek mainland and many of the islands, the names of some fifteen pre-Greek peoples are preserved in ancient traditions, together with a number of other references.A widely accepted view is that the Indo-European language moved into Greece from Anatolia with thespread of agriculture around 7000 B.C.6 Thus a dialect of Indo-European would have been thelanguage of the Neolithic cultures of Greece and the Balkans in the fifth and fourth millennia. Therewere also infiltrations or invasions from the north by Indo-European speakers sometime during thefourth or third millennium B.C.Bernal suggests an explanation of ancient Greek development in terms of what he calls "the ancientmodel." Classical, Hellenistic, and later, pagan Greeks from the fifth century B.C. to the fifth centuryA.D. believed their ancestors had been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonization and the later influence of Greek study in Egypt . Up to the eighteenth century A.D., Egypt was seen as the fount of all "Gentile" philosophy and learning, including that of the Greeks, and it was believed that the Greeks

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