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Solutions to Concepts of Physics by HC Verma Chapter 5Ratings:

5.0

(1)|Views: 15,293|Likes: 19Published by Jaspal Singh

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/52121841/Solutions-to-Concepts-of-Physics-by-HC-Verma-Chapter-5

12/08/2014

5

Newton's Laws of Motion

1. A block of mass 2 kg placed on a long frictionless horizontal table is pulled horizontally by a constant force F. It is found to move 10 m in first two seconds. Find the magnitude of F.

Given that m = 2kg, displacement s = 10m in time t = 2s and u = 0ms

–

1

. Putting required values in

=

+

12

2

10 = 0×2+

42

=5

/

2

⇒

=

= 2×5 =10

2. A car moving at 40 km/h is to be stopped by applying brakes in the next 4.0 m. If the car weighs 2000 kg, what average force must be applied on it?

Here

= 40

ℎ

−

1

=40×

100060

×60= 11.1

−

1

= 0

= 4

But

2

=

2

+2

⇒

=

−

123.462×4

=15.43

−

2

⇒

=

= 2000

× 15.43

2

=30864

≅

3.1x10

4

N

3. In a TV picture tube electrons are ejected from the cathode with negligible speed and reach a velocity of 5 x 10

6

m/s in travelling one cm. Assuming straight line motion, find the constant force exerted on the electron. The mass of electron is 9.1 x 10

-31

kg.

Given that

= 0,

=5×10

6

/

2

,

= 1

=0.01

⇒

=

25×10

12

2×0.01

=1.25×10

15

−

2

⇒

=

= 9.1×10

−

31

×1.25×10

15

=1.1×10

−

15

N

4. A block of mass 0.2 kg is suspended from the ceiling by a light string.A second block of mass 0.3 kg is suspended from the first block through another string. Find the tensions in the two strings.

5

Newton's Laws of Motion

The tension T

1

is the effect of gravitational force of bothblocks.

∴

T

1

= (0.2+0.3)g = 0.5(10) N = 5 NThe tension T

2

is due to gravitational force of the lowerblock.

∴

T

2

= 0.3g =3 N

5. Two blocks of equal mass m are tied to each other through a light string. One of the blocks is pulled along the line joining them with a constant force F. Find the tension in the string joining the two blocks.

Let the blocks accelerate by

. Then by Newton's scond law we have

= 2

⇒

a = F/2mNow considering motion of the block other than on which the force Fis applied. This block moves because of the tension force T appliedon it. ThereforeT = ma = m(F/2m) =F/2

6. A particle of mass 50 g moves on a straight line. The variation of speed with time is shown in figure. Find the force acting on the particle at t =2, 4 and 6 seconds.

Let

2

,

4

6

be velocities at t = 2, 4 and 6 respectively. Thenfrom the graph, at t=2

2

= 10

⇒

10=

+

2

, where u = 0 and t = 2

⇒

2

=

102

= 5

−

2

⇒

=

2

=

501000

5 = 0.25 N The graph clearly shows that velocity

2

is constant when t = 4 andtherefore acceleration and consequently force iszero.Again when t = 6

6

= 10 =

+

6

[

∵

= 15

= 1]

0.3 kg

T

1

T

2

24 6 8

1510520

5

Newton's Laws of Motion

⇒

6

=

−

51

=

−

5

−

2

⇒

=

=

501000

–

5

=

–

0.25

7. Two blocks of mass

respectively are kept in contact on a frictionless table. The experimenter pushes the block a from behind so that the blocks accelerate . If the block A exerts a force F on the block B, what is the force exerted by the experimenter on block A ?

Let

be the force exerted by the experimenter on the two blocks.The acceleration of the two blocks due this force and that of theblock B due to force exerted by block A on it are same. Therefore

+

=

⇒

=

1+

8. Raindrops of radius 1 mm and mass 4 mg are falling with a speed 30 m/s on the head of a bald person. The drops splash on the head of the person and come to rest. Assuming equivalently that the drops cover a distance equal to their radii on the head, estimate the force exerted by each drop on the head.

Let

0

,

and

s

be the initial velocity, mass and the distance coveredafter striking the head and before coming to rest. Then

=0,

0

=30

/

= 4 mg = 4 x 10

–

6

kg

= 1 mm = 10

–

3

m

⇒

2

=

02

+2

⇒

0 = 900+2

10

–

3

⇒

=

–

900

1000/2

=

–

4.5 x 10

5

–

1

⇒

=

= 4 x 10

−

6

x 4.5 x 10

5

=1.8 N

9.A particle of mass 0.3 kg is subjected to a force

=

–

with k = 15 N/m. What will be the initial acceleration if it is released from a point

=20

?

Given that

=0.3 kg,

=15 Nm

−

1

,

=20 cm=0.2 m. We nowhaveF =

−

=

–

15(0.2) =

–

3N

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