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Solutions to Concepts of Physics by HC Verma Chapter 5

# Solutions to Concepts of Physics by HC Verma Chapter 5

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12/08/2014

5

Newton's Laws of Motion
1. A block of mass 2 kg placed on a long frictionless horizontal table is  pulled horizontally by a constant force F. It is found to move 10 m in first two seconds. Find the magnitude of F.
Given that m = 2kg, displacement s = 10m in time t = 2s and u = 0ms
1
. Putting required values in
=

+
12

2
10 = 0×2+
42

=5
/
2

=

= 2×5 =10

2. A car moving at 40 km/h is to be stopped by applying brakes in the next 4.0 m. If the car weighs 2000 kg, what average force must be applied on it?
Here
= 40
ℎ
1
=40×
100060
×60= 11.1

1

= 0
= 4
But
2
=
2
+2


=
123.462×4
=15.43

2

=

= 2000

× 15.43
2
=30864
3.1x10
4
N
3. In a TV picture tube electrons are ejected from the cathode with negligible speed and reach a velocity of 5 x 10
m/s in travelling one cm. Assuming straight line motion, find the constant force exerted on the electron. The mass of electron is 9.1 x 10
-31
kg.
Given that
= 0,
=5×10
6
/
2
,
= 1

=0.01

=
25×10
12
2×0.01
=1.25×10
15


2

=

= 9.1×10
31
×1.25×10
15
=1.1×10
15
N
4. A block of mass 0.2 kg is suspended from the ceiling by a light string.A second block of mass 0.3 kg is suspended from the first block through another string. Find the tensions in the two strings.

5

Newton's Laws of Motion
The tension T
1
is the effect of gravitational force of bothblocks.
T
1
= (0.2+0.3)g = 0.5(10) N = 5 NThe tension T
2
is due to gravitational force of the lowerblock.
T
2
= 0.3g =3 N
5. Two blocks of equal mass m are tied to each other through a light string. One of the blocks is pulled along the line joining them with a constant force F. Find the tension in the string joining the two blocks.
Let the blocks accelerate by
. Then by Newton's scond law we have
= 2


a = F/2mNow considering motion of the block other than on which the force Fis applied. This block moves because of the tension force T appliedon it. ThereforeT = ma = m(F/2m) =F/2
6. A particle of mass 50 g moves on a straight line. The variation of  speed with time is shown in figure. Find the force acting on the  particle at t =2, 4 and 6 seconds.
Let
2
,
4



6
be velocities at t = 2, 4 and 6 respectively. Thenfrom the graph, at t=2
2
= 10
10=
+
2
, where u = 0 and t = 2

2
=
102
= 5

2

=

2
=
501000
5 = 0.25 N The graph clearly shows that velocity
2
is constant when t = 4 andtherefore acceleration and consequently force iszero.Again when t = 6
6
= 10 =
+
6
[

= 15


= 1]
0.3 kg
T
1
T
2

24 6 8
1510520

5

Newton's Laws of Motion

6
=
51
=
5

2

=

=
501000
5
=
0.25

7. Two blocks of mass



respectively are kept in contact on a frictionless table. The experimenter pushes the block a from behind so that the blocks accelerate . If the block A exerts a force F on the block B, what is the force exerted by the experimenter on block A ?
Let

be the force exerted by the experimenter on the two blocks.The acceleration of the two blocks due this force and that of theblock B due to force exerted by block A on it are same. Therefore


+
=


=
1+


8. Raindrops of radius 1 mm and mass 4 mg are falling with a speed 30 m/s on the head of a bald person. The drops splash on the head of  the person and come to rest. Assuming equivalently that the drops cover a distance equal to their radii on the head, estimate the force exerted by each drop on the head.
Let
0
,
and
be the initial velocity, mass and the distance coveredafter striking the head and before coming to rest. Then
=0,
0
=30
/

= 4 mg = 4 x 10
6
kg
= 1 mm = 10
3
m

2
=
02
+2


0 = 900+2
10
3

=
900
1000/2
=
4.5 x 10
5


1

=

= 4 x 10
6
x 4.5 x 10
5
=1.8 N
9.A particle of mass 0.3 kg is subjected to a force
=


with k = 15 N/m. What will be the initial acceleration if it is released from a  point
=20

Given that
=0.3 kg,
=15 Nm
1
,
=20 cm=0.2 m. We nowhaveF =
−
=
15(0.2) =
3N

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