Leavened and Unleavened in Old and NewTestaments
Take the words leavened and unleavened. This article proposes to expresshow these words are used in the Old and New Testaments.The word leavened in Hebrew from CHAMETZ means dough containingyeast to make bread. Yeast causes the dough to be fermented, risen, swollen.When the word ³leavened´ is applied to human characteristics one mightsay, ³He or she is aroused or spiritually aroused, excited, awakened,perturbed or drawing public attention.´ Leavened bread takes effort andmust be kneaded, with a little kept to be added to the next baking.On the other hand the word unleavened being MATSTAH, meansunfermented, unrisen, flat, not sourced with yeast. In human parlanceregarding our nature this word ³unleavened´ could indicate apathy,undisturbed, inactive, indolent, or one suffering mental bondage or paralysis.Unleavened bread is easily made, without effort or thought.The words leavened and unleavened are used in the Old Testament todescribe kinds of bread. In very ancient time, the eating of unleavened breadfollowed Passover (offering of pascal lamb), the first feast of the Jewishsacred year. It was inaugurated into the tabernacle/temple ceremonials.Unleavened bread following Passover was to be a memorial tocommemorate the saving, sacrificial power of a God of love and theliberation of downtrodden, unrisen life of bondage and despair narrated inthe Exodus story.
Legend has it that, the congregation of Israel, about to leave Egytpiancaptivity was instructed to eat unleavened bread along with slaying a lamband eating its flesh. ³And unleavened bread«they shall eat.´ ³Seven daysshall ye eat unleavened bread.´ ³And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread, for in the selfsame day have I brought your armies out of