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Fundamentals of computer applications and information technology PTU

Fundamentals of computer applications and information technology PTU

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Published by Usman Ghani
FCPIT File for PTU first year B.Tech.
FCPIT File for PTU first year B.Tech.

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Published by: Usman Ghani on Apr 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Usman Ghani
Chapter 1Familiarization of computer system
A Computer is an electronis device that can perform a variety of operations in accordance with the set of instructions called program.
Functioning of computer
:- The computer consists of mainly three partsnamely Input system, Central Processing Unit & Output Unit. As shown infigure1Figure 1
Input Unit
:- The input unit is formed by the input devices attached to thecomputer. Examples of Input media are: keyboard, mouse, magnetic inkcharacter reader, optical mark reader, optical character reader, joystick etc.An input unit takes the input and converts it into binary form so that itcan be understood by the computer.
Central Processing Unit(CPU)
:- The CPU is the control centre for thecompuetr. It guides and governs the performance. It Consists of ArithmaticLogic Unit (ALU) & Control Unit (CU).
Output Unit
:- The output unit is formed by the output units connected tothe computer. It converts the computer understandable language into thehuman understandable language.
Usman Ghani
How To Powere On a PC
:-1. Switch on the main supply.2. Switch on the UPS3. Press the power button of CPU.4. On the Monitor.5. Enter the password6. Now your computer is ready to Use.
How To Powere Off a PC
:-1. Click the start Button as shown in figure 22. Then Clich the shut down button as shown in figure 33. Then your compuetr is turned off.
Usman Ghani
Figure 2

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