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Add Maths Formulae List :Form 4

01 Function

Absolute Value Function

Inverse Function

If

()

yfx

=

, then

1

()

fyx

−

=

02 Quadratic Equation

General Form

ax

2

+

bx

+

c

=

0

where

a, b

, and

c

are constants and

a

≠

0.*Note that the highest power of an unknown of aquadratic equation is

2

.

Quadratic Formula

x

=−

b

±

b

2

−

4

ac

2

a

Forming Quadratic Equation From its Roots:

If

α

and

β

are the roots of a quadratic equation

ba

α β

+ = −

ca

αβ

=

The Quadratic Equation

2

()0

xx

α β αβ

− + + =

or

2

()()0

xSoRxPoR

− + =

SoR = Sum of RootsPoR = Product of Roots

Nature of Roots

b

2

−

4

ac

>

0

⇔

two real and distinct roots

b

2

−

4

ac

= 0

⇔

two real and equal roots

b

2

−

4

ac

<

0

⇔

no real roots

b

2

−

4

ac

≥

0

⇔

the roots are real

()

fx

(), if ()0

fxfx

≥

(), if ()0

fxfx

− <

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

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Indices and Logarithm

Fundamental if Indices

Zero Index,

0

1

a

=

Negative Index,

1

1

a

a

−

=

1

()

abba

−

=

Fractional Index

1

n

n

a

a

=

nm

mn

a

a

=

Laws of Indices

mnmn

aa

a

+

× =

mnmn

aa

a

−

÷ =

()

mnmn

aa

×

=

()

nnn

abab

=

()

nnn

aabb

=

Fundamental of Logarithm

log

xa

yxay

= ⇔ =

log1

a

a

=

log10

a

=

Law of Logarithm

logloglog

aaa

mnmn

= +

logloglog

aaa

mmnn

= −

log

a

m

n

= n

log

a

m

Changing the Base

logloglog

cac

bba

=

1loglog

aa

bb

=

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

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Coordinate Geometry

Distance and Gradient

Distance Between Point A and C =

( ) ( )

221221

x x x x

−+−

Gradient of line AC,

2121

yym xx

−=−

Or Gradient of a line =intint

yercept xercept

−−−

When 2 lines are parallel,

21

mm

=

.When 2 lines are perpendicular to each other,

12

1

mm

× = −

m

1

= gradient of line 1

m

2

= gradient of line 2

Midpoint

A point dividing a segment of a line

Midpoint,

1212

,22

xxyy M

+ +⎛ ⎞=⎜ ⎟⎝ ⎠

A point dividing a segment of a line

1212

,

nxmxnymyPmnmn

+ +⎛ ⎞=⎜ ⎟+ +⎝ ⎠

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