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SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4

SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4

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Published by THINES REVI
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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: THINES REVI on Aug 28, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/28/2014

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ONE-SCHOOL.NET
 
http://www.one-school.net/notes.html1
Add Maths Formulae List :Form 4
01 Function
Absolute Value Function
 
Inverse Function
 If 
()
 yfx
=
, then
1
()
 fyx
=
 
02 Quadratic Equation
 
General Form
ax
2
+
bx
+
c
=
0
 where
a, b
, and
c
are constants and
a
 
0.*Note that the highest power of an unknown of aquadratic equation is
2
.
Quadratic Formula
 x
=
b
±
b
2
4
ac
2
a
 
Forming Quadratic Equation From its Roots:
If 
α
and
β
are the roots of a quadratic equation
 
ba
α β 
+ = −
 
ca
αβ 
=
 The Quadratic Equation
2
()0
 xx
α β αβ 
+ + =
 or 
2
()()0
 xSoRxPoR
+ =
 SoR = Sum of RootsPoR = Product of Roots
Nature of Roots
b
2
4
ac
>
0
two real and distinct roots
b
2
4
ac
= 0
two real and equal roots
b
2
4
ac
<
0
no real roots
b
2
4
ac
0
the roots are real
()
 fx
(), if ()0
 fxfx
(), if ()0
 fxfx
<
 
 
ONE-SCHOOL.NET
 
http://www.one-school.net/notes.html2
Indices and Logarithm
Fundamental if Indices
Zero Index,
0
1
a
=
  Negative Index,
1
1
a
a
=
 
1
()
abba
=
 Fractional Index
1
n
n
a
a
=
 
nm
mn
a
a
=
 
Laws of Indices
mnmn
aa
a
+
× =
 
mnmn
aa
a
÷ =
 
()
mnmn
aa
×
=
 
()
nnn
abab
=
 
()
nnn
aabb
=
 
Fundamental of Logarithm
log
 xa
 yxay
= =
 
log1
a
a
=
 
log10
a
=
 
Law of Logarithm
logloglog
aaa
mnmn
= +
 
logloglog
aaa
mmnn
=
 
log
a
m
n
= n
log
a
m
Changing the Base
logloglog
cac
bba
=
 
1loglog
aa
bb
=
 
 
 
ONE-SCHOOL.NET
 
http://www.one-school.net/notes.html3
Coordinate Geometry
Distance and Gradient
Distance Between Point A and C =
( ) ( )
221221
 x x x x
+
 
Gradient of line AC,
2121
 yym xx
=
 Or Gradient of a line =intint
 yercep xercep
 When 2 lines are parallel,
21
mm
=
.When 2 lines are perpendicular to each other,
12
1
mm
× = −
 
m
1
= gradient of line 1
m
2
= gradient of line 2
Midpoint
A point dividing a segment of a line
Midpoint,
1212
,22
 xxyy M 
+ +=
 A point dividing a segment of a line
1212
,
nxmxnymyPmnmn
+ +=+ +
 

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