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41317408 Dtmf Project

41317408 Dtmf Project

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International Journal of Electronic Engineering ResearchISSN 0975 - 6450 Volume 2 Number 3 (2010) pp. 349–355© Research India Publicationshttp://www.ripublication.com/ijeer.htm
Mobile Controlled Robot using DTMF Technologyfor Industrial Application
1
D. Manojkumar,
2
P. Mathankumar,
3
E. Saranya and
4
S. Pavithradevi
1
Project guide- Lecturer/ECE,
2,3,4,5
Final ECE,Velalar College of Engineering & Technology, Erode, IndiaE-mail: mapsece@gmail.com
Abstract
In this project, we present controlling of a Robot using DTMF technique.The robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes call to the othermobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of the call, if any buttonis pressed, tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the otherend of the call. This tone is called dual tone multi frequency tone (DTMF).Using DTMF code, direction of motion of the robot can be controlled bymobile phone. Robot has a RF camera that transmits an actual video at theoperator’s monitor. Based on the received video, the correspondingcomments can be passed from the mobile phone which is connected withthe transmitter side. The comments will be converted to voice using the textto speech converter at the receiver side. The voice will be heard via theloud speaker attached to the robot. Gas sensor and smoke sensor are alsointerfaced with the robot. In case of any smoke or gas, the sensor senses thegas or smoke and passes the signal to the alarm. The alarm sound is heardvia a loud speaker.
Keywords:
Mobile phones, DTMF decoder, controller, RF camera, TVmonitor.
Introduction
Being able to achieve reliable communication is an important open area of research torobotics as well as other technology areas. As interest in robotics continues to grow,robots are increasingly being integrated in everyday life. The results of thisintegration are end-users possessing less and less technical knowledge of thetechnology. Currently, the primary mode for robot communication uses RF (radiofrequency). RF is an obvious choice for communication since it allows more
 
350
D. Manojkumar et al
information to be transferred at smaller distance. The overall goal of the project is tocontrol robot over a long distance using DTMF technology efficiently.
Description
The transmitter side is placed in the area which is to be supervised. The receiversection is placed in the operator side which receives the video from the correspondingarea.
Figure 1:
Block diagram of mobile controlled robot.
PIC16F877A
PIC16F877A consists of high performance RISC CPU in which there are only 35single word instructions to learn. All are single cycle instructions except for programbranches, which are two cycles. Up to 8K x 14 words of FLASH Program Memory,368 x 8 bytes of data Memory (RAM) and 256 x 8 bytes of EEPROM Data Memoryare available.PIC16F877A is a 40 pin microcontrollerThe peripheral features includes a Timer0 which is an 8-bit timer/counter with an8-bit prescaler, a Timer1 which is a 16-bit timer/counter with prescaler which can beincremented during SLEEP via external crystal/clock, a Timer2 which is an 8-bittimer/counter with 8-bit period register, prescaler and postscaler, two capture,compare, PWM modules. The capture is 16-bit and its maximum resolution is12.5ns.Compare is 16-bit and its maximum resolution is 200ns.PWM‘s maximumresolution is 10-bit.There is a Synchronous Serial Port (SSP) with SPI (Master mode)and I2C (Master/Slave).Further PIC16F877A consists of an Universal SynchronousAsynchronous Receiver Transmitter (USART/SCI) with 9-bit address detection.Parallel Slave Port (PSP) is 8-bits wide, with external RD, WR and CS controls(40/44-pin only).
 
Mobile Controlled Robot using DTMF Technology
351The analog features of PIC16F877A includes a 10-bit, up to 8 channel Analog-to-Digital Converter (A/D), a Brown-out Reset (BOR) and an analog comparator modulewith two analog comparators, programmable on-chip voltage reference (VREF)module, programmable input multiplexing from device inputs and internal voltagereference. Comparator outputs are externally accessible.
DTMF Tone
The DTMF technique outputs distinct representation of 16 common alphanumericcharacters (0-9, A-D, *, #) on the telephone. The lowest frequency used is 697Hz andthe highest frequency used is 1633Hz, as shown in Table 1.
Table 1:
DTMF Keypad.The DTMF keypad is arranged such that each row will have its own unique tonefrequency and also each column will have its own unique tone frequency. Above is arepresentation of the typical DTMF keypad and the associated row/columnfrequencies. By pressing a key, for example 5, will generate a dual tone consisting of 770 Hz for the low group and 1336 Hz for the high group.
DTMF Decoder
The MT-8870 is a DTMF Receiver that integrates both band split filter and decoderfunctions into a single 18-pin DIP or SOIC package. It is manufactured using CMOSprocess technology. The MT-8870 offers low power consumption (35 mW max) andprecise data handling.
Figure 2:
Pin configuration of MT-8870.

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