JEFFREY ROGER SUNDBERG
The wilderness monks of theAbhayagirivihara and the origins ofSino-Javanese esoteric Buddhism
Introduction to the problem
Abandoned for a millennium,
the smashed Siddhamatrka
inscription com-memorating the foundation of a Javanese branch of the famous Sinhalesemonastery named Abhayagirivihara received mention in the earliest architec-tural exploration of the ruins of Javanese antiquity. First noticed in
it wasrecovered bit by bit in the Dutch archaeological excavations of the late nine-teenth and the early twentieth century. It surfaced briefly in an examinationof the inscription of Kelurak by Bosch, and was then treated more fully by DeCasparis in an incremental series of revelations of the text which he had man-aged to decipher.
The published portions of the text, however, do not reflectthe full extent of known fragments, and the inscription has not yet divulgedall of its mysteries. This article is an effort to tease out one of them.
As a preface to this essay, I wish to offer a word of thanks to Professor Raghu Vira and hisfamily, whose ambitious Sata-Pitaka Series is the source of a scholarly Indological feast and hashelped to recover memories of a lost world. I am grateful to John Banks, the Reverend MahindaDeegalle, Nobumi Iyanaga, Roy Jordaan, Lokesh Chandra, Mark Long, Iain Sinclair, DavidSnellgrove, and the two necessarily anonymous
referees for advice and assistancewith this article.
This script is sometimes referred to as
especially in the earlier Dutch archaeo-logical literature. The proper term for this script is
as Bosch (1928:4) clarifies in hispaleographic discussion of the script.
The readings published to date are to be found in Bosch 1928:63-4 (given that Bosch accom-plished minor miracles with his painstaking work on the inscrutable Kelurak inscription, hiswork is a surprisingly sporadic transliteration of the comparatively highly legible four frag-ments then in the National Museum under the catalogue number D50, accompanied by a usablephotograph of them), De Casparis 1950:11-22 (a rather complete, annotated reading of the fiveparts now in the National Museum under the number D50), De Casparis 1961 (providing a few
who graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaignand from the University of Southern California, is an electrical engineer. He is a specialist inVLSI design and high-speed signal integrity. His address is: 2601 W. Broadway Blvd, Tucson,AZ 85745-1787, USA.
Bijdragen tot de
en Volkenkunde (BKI) 160-1 (2004):95-123
Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde