The idea of writing down this concise and illust
rated "Flora of Saudi Arabia" occurred to the authorsin their endeavor to achieve a proper standard of teaching Saudi Arabian flora to their students in Ri-yad University. No handy references on that im- portant branch are at present available. The infor-mation that have been published so far by botanistsand travellers who visited the country at varioustimes, though of value, are rather fragmentary. It isobviously essential to university students of Botanyin any country to be well acquainted with the flora of their country. This is not possible unless they have areference book in their hands on which they may de- pend in determining the plants. It was the desire tofill that gap in the literature which urged the authorsto hasten producing this flora.
Information and descriptions embodied here are based on plant specimens collected by the authors aswell as by demonstrators and fourth year students of the Botany Department, Faculty of Science at varioustimes during the past ten years.
In this book is presented a map of the phytogeo-graphical regions of the country, a list of the differentorders and families of vascular plants represented inthe flora and keys to the families as well as to thegenera of each family. The families are arranged ac-cording to recent schemes of classification.
For further facilitation of handling the book anindex of Latin
vernacular and vernacular
Latinnames of the plants was added. Furthermore, a glos-sary of botanical terms with Arabic translation andexplanation is appended.
INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND EDITION
The writers wish cordially to thank Mrs. ViviTackholm, Professor of Systematic Botany, CairoUniversity for valuable help in identifying manyof the specimens collected. Among many refer-ences consulted by the authors may be mentionedthe following:
Tackholm, V. 1956. Students' Flora of Egypt.
Montasir, A. H. and M. Hassib, 1956. Illus-trated Manual Flora of Egypt.
Post, G. E. and J. E. Dinsmore, 1932
1933.Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai.
Andrews, P. W. 1956 The Flowering Plants of the Anglo
Mouterde, P. 1966
1970. Nouvelle Flore duLiban et de la Syrie.
Townsend, C. C., E. Guest and A. Al
Rawi,1968. Flora of Iraq.
Davis, P. H. and J. Culler, 1965. The Identifi-cation of Flowering Plant Families. Oliver andBoyd Ltd., Edinburgh.
Burtt, B. L. and P. Lewis, 1949
1954. On theFlora of Kuwait, I
III, Key Bulletin.
To all authors of these references the writersare greatly indebted. A few drawings of Acaciaswere reproduced from Andrews' Flora of the An-glo
It is hoped that this book has covered thegreater part of the flora of the country. However,it is felt that there is still a minority of species that