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IT project management schwalbe

IT project management schwalbe

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Published by faizah_8988
managing information technology project
managing information technology project

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Published by: faizah_8988 on Apr 03, 2011
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03/12/2013

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2
nd
semester 2010/2011WMES3108 IT Project ManagementTutorial 1
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 
1. What is a project, and what are its main attributes? How is a project different from what mostpeople do in their day-to-day jobs? What is the triple constraint?A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.Project attributes are it has a unique purpose, temporary, develop using progressiveelaboration. Project also requires resources, often from various area such people, hardware,software and others assets. A project should have a primary customer or sponsor and projectinvolve uncertainty. A project different from what most people do in day to day job because aproject have focused goal or objective and have definite beginning and ending date. A projectwill end when their objectives have been reached or the project has been terminated. Tripleconstraint is managing scope, time and cost.2. What is project management? Briefly describe the project management framework, providingexamples of stakeholders, knowledge areas, tools and techniques, and project success factors.Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to projectactivities to meet project requirements. Project management framework graphically show theprocess of beginning with stakeholder’s need and requirements, and expectation, and thenapplying nine knowledge area and various tools and techniques to lead to project success andthen the enterprise success. For example if a project was to upgrades its technologyinfrastructure to provide wireless internet access across the whole campus. The stakeholder would include manager, management, IT staff and other related stakeholders. All nineknowledge areas which are scope, time, cost, quality, human resource, communication, risk,procurement and project integration management would be important and various tools andtechniques will be applied. Project success factor maybe different from one project toanother. Sometimes a project is consider success when met scope, time and cost. Or when the
 
project satisfied the customer or sponsor. Else when the result of the project met its mainobjective.
3.
What is a program? Discuss the relationship between projects, and programs, and thecontributions they each make to enterprise success.A program is a group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits andcontrol not available from managing them individually. A program may consist of severalprojects. The project can be under a program or part of the program. So the enterprisesuccessful of a program depends on the projects deliver.4. What is the role of the project manager? What are suggested skills for all project managersand for information technology project managers? Why is leadership so important for projectmanagers? How is the job market for information technology project managers?Project manager can have many different project description based on organization and theproject. Ultimately, project manager responsible for project success. Suggested skills for project manager are leadership skills, general management knowledge and skills, peopleskills, listening skills, and so on. Leadership is very important because project manager takeon the role of both leader and manager. Good project manager know what people make or break projects, so they must set a good example to lead their team to success. Companies thatexcel in project management grow project leader. Leading by example is the most importanttrait to effective project manager. Job market for information technology project manager continues to remain strong especially for those with strong business and leadership skills.
5.
What function can you perform with project management software? What are some popular names of low-end, midrange, and high-end project management tools?Project management software can assist in developing schedule, communicating information,tracking progress and so on. Popular tools include Base camp, Microsoft Project, andMicrosoft office project server 2007.6. Describe how organizational culture is related to project management. What type of culturepromotes a strong project environment?
 
Organizational culture is a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterizethe functioning of an organization. This culture can definitely impact project management.For example if an organization values the project management and follow the guidelines, itmuch be easier to practice good project management. Project work is more successful in anorganizational culture where employees identify more with the organization, where work activities emphasize groups and where there is strong unit integration, high risk tolerance, anopen system focus, and a balanced focus on people, control and means orientation.7. Briefly explain the differences between functional, matrix, and project organizations.Describe how each structure affects the management of the project.Functional organizational have manager or vice president in specialties such as engineering,manufacturing, information technology and so on. Their stuff have specialized skill in their respective disciplines. Project organization has project manager instead of functional manager reporting to the CEO. Matrix organization represent the middle ground between functionaland project structure. Personnel often report to both a functional manager and one or moreproject managers. Project manager have the most authority in project organization structuresfollowed by matrix and then functional.8. Explain the four frames of organizations. How can they help project managers understand theorganizational context for their projects?The four frames of organizations are summarized below:1) Structural: deal with how the organizational is structure and focus on roles andresponsibilities. It’s important to understand those roles and responsibilities when dealingwith project stakeholders, especially in procuring process.2) Human resources: focus on meeting the needs of the organization and its people. Projectmanager must understand various human resources policies and procedures.3) Political: addresses organizational and personal politics. Many project managers are failingbecause they do not understand the political environment.4) Symbolic: focus on symbol and meanings. It’s important to understand an organization’sculture, dress code, work ethic and so on in managing projects.

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