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Smart Growth 2

Smart Growth 2

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Getting to Smart Growth II:
100 MORE POLICIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION
Getting to Smart Growth II:
 
Acknowledgements
We would like to acknowledge the efforts of the writing and research team that putthis publication together: Trent Frazier, Kevin Nelson, Lisa Nisenson, Mary KaySantore, Lee Sobel, Eric Sprague, and Tim Torma of the U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency (EPA), and Dan Emerine, Eric Feldman,Amy Jiron, and JenniferWalker of the International City/County Management Association (ICMA). Withouttheir efforts and teamwork, this primer would not exist. In particular, Mary KaySantore of EPA and Dan Emerine and Nadejda Mishkovsky of ICMA played a criti-cal role in reviewing text, coordinating the process and bringing the document topublication.Assistance was also provided by Laurence Aurbach, John Bailey, CharlieBartsch, Noreen Beatley, Kathy Blaha, Kendra Briechle, Heather Deutsch, PaulDrake, Robert Freeman, DeLania Hardy, Marla Hollander, Stephanie Jennings, LeahKalinosky, Dennis Leach, Deron Lovaas, Aarin Lutzenhiser, Barbara McMillen,Stuart Meck, Joe Molinaro, Steve Mouzon, Lisa Mueller, Nathan Norris, LucyRowland, Victor Rubin, Joe Schilling, Julia Seward, Ellen Shubart, Stuart Sirota,Benjamin Starrett, Megan Sussman, Peter Swift, Harriet Tregoning, Bill Wilkinson,Jessica Wilkinson, and Paul Zykofsky—all of whom provided excellent insight andreview of the document as it was being developed. The many photographers andother colleagues credited throughout this primer provided valuable assistance byallowing the use of their images. Special thanks to Geoff Anderson, Lynn Desautels,and other staff members of EPA’s Development, Community, and EnvironmentDivision for their role in providing comments, materials, and other assistance. Wewould also like to thank David Biggs, Mary Matheny, Jim McElfish, Johanna Nyden,Kenrick Pierre, Robert Puentes,Tom Steinbach, and the many others who submittedideas for inclusion in this volume. Finally, Christian Kohler provided valuable assis-tance with proofreading and editing the text. Design and layout by Carol Earnest.This document was developed under a cooperative agreement with the U.S. EPA’sDevelopment,Community and Environment Division.
Cover Credit
Dover, Kohl & Partners; James Dougherty, Illustrator. Renderings from “ConnectingJohnson City:A Master Plan for Johnson City.”
About the Smart Growth Network
The Smart Growth Network is a network of private sector, public sector, and non-governmental partner organizations seeking to create smart growth in neighbor-hoods, communities, and regions across the United States. Partners in the networkinclude the American Farmland Trust,American Planning Association,Association ofMetropolitan Planning Organizations,Center for Neighborhood Technology,Congressfor the New Urbanism, Conservation Fund, Environmental Law Institute, GeorgeWashington University Law School’s Center for Sustainability and Regional Growth,Growth Management Leadership Alliance, Institute of Transportation Engineers,International City/County Management Association, Local Government Commission,Local Initiatives Support Corporation, National Association of Counties/UnitedStates Conference of Mayors Joint Center for Sustainable Communities, State ofMaryland, National Association of Counties, National Association of LocalGovernment Environmental Professionals, National Association of Realtors,National Multi-Housing Council, National Neighborhood Coalition, National Oceanicand Atmospheric Administration, National Trust for Historic Preservation, NationalWildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council, Northeast-MidwestInstitute, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, Scenic America, Smart Growth America,Surface Transportation Policy Project, Sustainable Communities Network,Trust forPublic Land,Urban Land Institute,and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Join the Smart Growth Network!
The Smart Growth Network also includes hundreds of individual members fromacross the United States and around the world. SGN members are planners, devel-opers, elected and appointed officials, and community activists committed to makingsmart growth a reality. Individual memberships in the Smart Growth Network are$49 for the first year, and $29 for renewals. Membership information, along withpublications and other information about smart growth, can be found online atwww.smartgrowth.org.For more information, send an e-mail to smartgrowth@icma.org or call202/962-3623.
ISBN:0-87326-139-9©International City/County Management Association
 
INTRODUCTION
There are some key differences between the two volumes. Firstand foremost,
Getting to Smart Growth II 
presents all new policies.And, while it contains many actions for the public sector, itexpands on our previous effort by also highlighting steps that theprivate sector can take to promote more livable communities.This volume is also more specific than the first. It discusses indi-vidual programs (occasionally specific applications of broaderideas presented in the previous work) and emphasizes case studiesto show where the various policies, programs, and projects havebeen successfully implemented. In a few cases you will find poli-cies that are totally new and await their first application. Finally,in addition to “Practice Tips,” we have included “Finance Tips”that illustrate important financial aspects of getting smart growthprojects on the ground. These tips address an important factabout development: what gets financed is what gets built.Smart growth projects are now being financed in record numbers.Momentum for implementing smart growth continues to mountin both the public and private sectors. The Congress for the NewUrbanism (CNU) estimates that between 2001 and 2002, thenumber of smart growth developments increased by 26 percent,and that by December 2002, 472 smart growth developments hadbeen completed. In another study, the CNU estimated that up toone-third of the demand for new housing over the next couple of decades is likely to be for dense, walkable communities.When we published the first volume of 
Getting to Smart Growth:100 Policies for Implementation,
we knew that there was an audiencefor the practical information it contained. We were surprised tolearn just how big that audience was. Between January 2002, whenthe publication was released, and September 2003, roughly 20,000hardcopies were distributed and over 68,000 copies were down-loaded. Requests for
Getting to Smart Growth
came from develop-ers, architects, planners and planning commissions, city andcounty managers, mayors and council members, citizens, and real-tors, as well people and groups less familiar with the movementtoward smarter growth. The document has served as the organiz-ing principle for conferences, has been required reading for aca-demic coursework, has served as the basis of surveys, and hasinformed city councils, planning committees, and smart growthcommissions across the country and around the world. It is evenbeing translated into Spanish. Clearly, there is a demand for infor-mation that connects smart growth ideas with specific action.
Getting to Smart Growth II 
picks up where the first volume left off.Like its predecessor, this volume shows that a wide variety of smart growth tools, policies, and approaches are available to createmore livable communities. Each community has its own unique setof challenges, and smart growth demands a flexible response.Volumes I and II offer a menu of options that can be mixed andmatched to fit local circumstances, local visions, and local values.
Getting to Smart Growth II:
100 MORE POLICIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION

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