In Europe, as in North America, mainstream left parties are in crisis. Of course, there areideological reasons. But sociological factors matter too: the historical coalition of the left wascentered on the working-class and is now on its last legs. In France, a new coalition isemerging: “the France of tomorrow”. This is a younger, more diverse, more feminine, moreeducated, urban and secular electorate. In short, a culturally progressive electorate. Thosepeople are “outsiders” in a socioeconomic system; as new entrants they have been sacrificedto protect the “insiders”. Those people need the State in order to break the glass ceiling.The left must now rely on this new “natural” electorate. As it is still evolving, it does notrepresent a majority yet. So, which new electoral strategy should the left work on for 2012?This report is the work of a task force, which was initiated by Alain Richard with Olivier Ferrand and Bruno Jeanbart. Alain Bergounioux, Gérard Le Gall, Romain Prudent(rapporteur) and Etienne Schweisguth participated in the task force.Jenny Andersson, Anthony Giddens, Hervé Le Bras, Ernst Stetter and Vincent Tiberj wereinterviewed.This sociology exercise has run simultaneously in several countries, on the initiative of theCenter for American Progress (United States) and the Foundacion Ideas (Spain). Restitutionwill take place in Madrid, on the 7th of April, 2011.