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Ravenspiral Guide to Music Theory

Ravenspiral Guide to Music Theory

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Published by S J Bennett
The Ravenspiral Guide
an informal guide to musical composition
containing all that is worth knowing about anything musical* formerly known as the Raven's Spiral Guide to Music Theory Version 0.6 (13 May 2007) Latest version kept at http://www.ravenspiral.com/ravenspiralguide.pdf

Table of Contents
Preface.................................................................................................................................................. 2 0.0 Basic notations..........................
The Ravenspiral Guide
an informal guide to musical composition
containing all that is worth knowing about anything musical* formerly known as the Raven's Spiral Guide to Music Theory Version 0.6 (13 May 2007) Latest version kept at http://www.ravenspiral.com/ravenspiralguide.pdf

Table of Contents
Preface.................................................................................................................................................. 2 0.0 Basic notations..........................

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Published by: S J Bennett on Aug 28, 2008
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The Guide formerly known as theRavenspiral Guide
an informal guide to music theory as it relatesto composition
containing all that is worth knowing about anything musical* even more formerly known as the Raven's Spiral Guide to Music Theory Version 0.8.1 (August 2012)
This guide is a work in progress and is perpetually unfinished.Much like the art of music itself.For news and feedback, see the KVRAUDIO thread:
http://www.kvraudio.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=162135This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License. Toview a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/au/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.Text and images in this document are Copyright © 2002-2012 Simon Bennett. Some rights reserved.
* eventually, i.e. by the time v1.0 is done
 
Table of Contents
Preface4Basic notations5
Notations5
Real notation5 Abstract notation6
Scales: The New Menace8
Diatonic scales8
Major8The Circle of Fifths9Minor scales10Natural or vanilla minor10Harmonic or strawberry minor11Melodic or chocolate fudge minor12Pentatonic scales12
Synthetic and alternative scales14
Whole tone scale14Blues scale14Chromatic scale15Microtonal scales15More scales than a fat bastard fish, mate!15Five note scales15Seven note major scales16Seven note minor scales16Seven note scale pairs16Scales with more than seven notes16
The modes16
Major scale modes17Melodic minor scale modes17
Key18Intervals19
Naming the intervals: ordinal names19
Consonance, dissonance, and the harmonic series19
Naming the intervals yet again: functions21If only it were always as simple as twelve notes..21
Chords23
Manifesting chords24Introduction to the verbose chord dictionary24Triads24
Diatonic tonal triads24Major24Minor25Diminished25Non-diatonic tonal triads.. er.. triad25 Augmented26Non-tonal (suspended) triads26Suspended fourth26Suspended second26
Seventh chords27
Diatonic tonal seventh chords27Seventh28Major seventh28Minor seventh28Minor/major seventh 28Half-diminished (minor seventh diminished fifth)29Non-diatonic tonal seventh chords29Diminished seventh29Seventh diminished fifth (seventh flat fifth)29Seventh augmented fifth (seventh sharp fifth)31Major seventh augmented fifth (major seventhsharp fifth)31Non-tonal diatonic seventh chords31Seventh suspended fourth31Major seventh suspended fourth32
Extended and altered chords32
Diatonic ninth chords32Ninth32Minor ninth33Major ninth33Minor/major ninth33Ninth suspended fourth33Alterednon-diatonic ninths33Seventh flat ninth34Minor seventh flat ninth34Ninth diminished fifth (ninth flat fifth)34Ninth augmented fifth (ninth sharp fifth)34Seventh augmented ninth (seventh sharp ninth)34Seventh flat ninth diminished fifth35Seventh augmented ninth diminished fifth35Seventh augmented ninth augmented fifth35Minor ninth diminished fifth35Major ninth augmented fifth36Seventh suspended fourth flat ninth36Elevenths and thirteenths36Eleventh36Major eleventh37Minor eleventh37Minor/major eleventh37Thirteenth37Major thirteenth37Minor thirteenth37Minor/major thirteenth37The most altered chord in the universe38 Altered chord38 Added chords38Sixth38Minor sixth38 Added second38 Added ninth39Minor added ninth39Six/Nine39 Added eleventh39
Inversions and fragments40
Y-nvert?41When is an inversion not an inversion?41Chord fragments41
Chords in keys42
Major keys and triads42Major keys and sevenths43Minor keys, triads and sevenths43Chords and modes44
The ebb and flow of tension and resolution44Transcribing chords44
 Abstract or key-specific transcription?44To spell or not to spell45Transcribing music for analysis45
 Atonalism and microtonality46
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Tonality at snapping point46Tonality finally snaps – atonality is born46
Microtonality47
Trying atonality and microtonality for yourself47
Microtonality and alternate tunings47Tone clusters47Tone rows47
Motion49
Writing chord progressions49
Stability and consonance49Dynamism and chord relationships50Voice leading50
Resolution50
Notes resolving to harmony50Harmonies resolving to a key51Modulation52Direct modulation 52Pivot modulation52Summing up modulation and resolving to a key53Chords resolving to other chords54Cadences and carrier chords explained54Chromatic voice leading with altered chords56
More on chord progressions56
I got the blues57 An original chord progression to stare at58
Specific chord progressions58Listen around you59
Melody60
Writing a melody60
Principles of writing a harmonic melody60 An example harmonic melody using nodes and paths60 An example melody from pop music61When melody drives harmony61Melody as embellishment61
Counterpoint, or What Took Me Weeks To FigureOut61
Melody on Melody62Have you heard it upside-down and backwards yet?63
Timbre melodies63
Variation and reharmonisation65
Techniques for harmony65
Vague alteration66Matching chord forms66Progressions with harmonic melody66Tritone substitution67Static motion substitution68
Techniques for melody68
Direct major/minor melody transposition68
Rhythm: beat and groove70
Drum theory70
Introducing the drum parts.70
 Actual rhythm71
Time signatures71Three fours.71
Bass rhythm72
Chord root bassline72Melodic bassline72Walking basslines72
Lyrics73
How? And why?73
What to sing about74Brian Eno's way of writing lyrics74How to lyricise74
Rapping75
Rapnotation75Phonetic devices76Rhythmic devices77Lyrical devices79
Structure great and small80
Different levels of musical structure80Musical maps80My Bloody Valentine and Plastique Bertrand81
Structural extremes at odds82
Getting it arranged82Mind in sound83Final-ish words of inspiration84
Further reading and bibliography86The Brief Chord Dictionary87
Hex what?88
Glossary of terms89Cadence Appendix90The Final Word98
Changes98Find Me100Thanks100Software100Licence101
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