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TEKNIK BUDIDAYA KELAPA SAWIT

TEKNIK BUDIDAYA KELAPA SAWIT

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Published by Amin No Hitori

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Published by: Amin No Hitori on Apr 04, 2011
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11/30/2013

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DAFTAR ISI
 1.
 
PENDAHULUAN .................................................................................. 1
A.
 
Syarat-Syarat Tumbuh Kelapa Sawit ............................................... 2B.
 
Jenis-Jenis Tanah .............................................................................. 2
2.
 
PEMBIBITAN ........................................................................................ 4
A.
 
Perkecambahan ................................................................................. 4B.
 
Pembibitan Awal .............................................................................. 4C.
 
Pembibitan Utama ............................................................................ 5D.
 
Seleksi .............................................................................................. 6
3.
 
PERSIAPAN LAHAN DAN PENANAMAN BIBIT .......................... 6
A.
 
Teknik Pembukaan Lahan ................................................................ 6B.
 
Jaringan Jalan ................................................................................... 7C.
 
Drainase ............................................................................................ 8
4.
 
PENANAMAN ....................................................................................... 9
A.
 
Penentuan Jarak Tanam .................................................................... 9B.
 
Pemasangan Ajir ............................................................................... 9C.
 
Lubang Tanam .................................................................................. 10D.
 
Penanaman ........................................................................................ 10E.
 
Tanaman Penutup Tanah .................................................................. 11
5.
 
PEMELIHARAAN ................................................................................ 11
A.
 
Pengendalian Gulma ......................................................................... 11B.
 
Kastrasi ............................................................................................. 11C.
 
Pemupukan ....................................................................................... 12D.
 
Pengendalian Hama dan Penyakit .................................................... 15E.
 
Penunasan ......................................................................................... 16
6.
 
PANEN .................................................................................................... 16
 
1
1.
 
PENDAHULUAN
Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (
 Elaeis guineensis
Jack) diduga berasal dari duatempat, yaitu Amerika Selatan dan Afrika. Spesies
 Elaeis oleivera
diduga berasaldari Amerika Selatan dan spesies
 Elaeis guineensis
berasal dari Afrika (Guenia).Kelapa Sawit adalah tanaman penghasil minyak nabati yang memilikiberbagai keunggulan dibandingkan dengan minyak yang dihasilkan oleh tanamanlain. Keunggulan tersebut di antaranya memiliki kadar kolesterol rendah, bahkantanpa kolesterol.Minyak nabati yang dihasilkan dari pengolahan buah kelapa sawit berupaminyak mentah (CPO atau
Crude Palm Oil
) yang berwarna kuning dan minyak inti sawit (PKO atau
Palm Kernel Oil
) yang tidak berwarna (jernih). CPO atauPKO banyak digunakan sebagai bahan industri pangan (minyak goreng danmargarin), industri sabun (bahan penghasil busa), industri baja (bahan pelumas),industri tekstil, kosmetik, dan sebagai bahan bakar alternatif (minyak diesel).
KLASIFIKASI KELAPA SAWIT
Divisi :
Spermatophyta
 Subdivisi :
 Angiospermae
 Kelas :
 Monocotyledonae
 Ordo :
Palmales
 Famili :
Palmaceae
 Genus :
 Elaesis
 Spesies :
 Elaeis guineensis
 
 Elaeis melanococca
 / 
 E.
 
oleivera
 Varietas :
 Elaeis guineensis
dura
 Elaeis guineensis
tenera
 Elaeis guineensis
pisifera

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