Jones & Henry Engineers, Ltd.
Lake Huron Water Supply Study758-6259.001 1 Appendix 7
7.1.1 GeneralThis technical memorandum describes the general design criteria for an upground reservoir and reservoirpump station as components of the Lake Huron Water Supply Study.7.1.2 Reservoir SizeThe raw water reservoir has been sized to hold 94 percent of the projected 25-year, maximum-daydemand (MDD) or 78.5 mgd for a period of 7 days, plus an approximate 20 percent of additional workingvolume. This is considered a sufficient amount of time to make any emergency repairs to the pipeline,pumping station, or other. The additional working volume would be to maintain a minimum pool depthand possible water quality issues that comes with shallow water. The reservoir will turn over in terms of volume several times in the course of a year. The number of times is contingent on the volume of waterused. Seasonally, the reservoir will turn over (temperature inversion) twice.In terms of water loss due to evaporation, there should be an approximate balance from precipitationannually. At times, there will be some water loss from evaporation during hot dry weather, but the lossshould be negligible percentage wise.Seepage loss through the levee could be significant if it is not properly constructed with liners to reducethe loss. Bentonite clay liner of one-foot thick has been assumed in the cost estimate to reduce seepage.Final Design should include a blanket drain or toe drain at the base of the levee to accommodate seepage.There is no ideal depth of water for a reservoir; generally, the deeper the better. A typical depth of 35 feethas been selected. Reservoirs with depths less than 20 feet will have seasonal excess blue-green oranother algae growth with subsequent water quality problems.The following is the recommended reservoir size for 2014 through 2039 and for a second cell to beconstructed by the year 2039:Required Volume = 7 days x 0.94 x 78.5 mgd = 516.5 mg + 20 % = 620 mg
Wetted Perimeter Total 20 Total 2039
62 acres 100 acres 190 acresThe recommended size includes acreage to construct a reservoir pump station with access roads.7.1.3 Reservoir DetailsA single cell reservoir is recommended. A second cell should be constructed in the future as water usageincreases. The second cell would be constructed to have a common levee between the two celledreservoir. A benefit of having a second cell would be to have a backup, should the levee fail on one of them. A bypass line is included for pumping directly to the suction side of the reservoir pump station andbypassing the reservoir. A rate control valve would be used to match pumping from the Lake HuronPump Station to the pumps discharging from the reservoir pump station.