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KWA - Preliminary Engineering Report - Sept 2009 - Appendix 7

KWA - Preliminary Engineering Report - Sept 2009 - Appendix 7

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Published by Peter Cavanaugh
Preliminary Engineering Report - Appendix 7 - Reservoir and Reservoir Pumping Station
Preliminary Engineering Report - Appendix 7 - Reservoir and Reservoir Pumping Station

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Published by: Peter Cavanaugh on Apr 04, 2011
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Lake Huron Water Supply StudyAppendix 7Technical MemorandumReservoir and Reservoir Pump StationKaregnondi Water Authority
City of Flint
Genesee County
Lapeer County
Sanilac County
January 16, 2009
Jones & Henry Engineers, Ltd.
Lake Huron Water Supply Study758-6259.001 1 Appendix 7
7.1.1 GeneralThis technical memorandum describes the general design criteria for an upground reservoir and reservoirpump station as components of the Lake Huron Water Supply Study.7.1.2 Reservoir SizeThe raw water reservoir has been sized to hold 94 percent of the projected 25-year, maximum-daydemand (MDD) or 78.5 mgd for a period of 7 days, plus an approximate 20 percent of additional workingvolume. This is considered a sufficient amount of time to make any emergency repairs to the pipeline,pumping station, or other. The additional working volume would be to maintain a minimum pool depthand possible water quality issues that comes with shallow water. The reservoir will turn over in terms of volume several times in the course of a year. The number of times is contingent on the volume of waterused. Seasonally, the reservoir will turn over (temperature inversion) twice.In terms of water loss due to evaporation, there should be an approximate balance from precipitationannually. At times, there will be some water loss from evaporation during hot dry weather, but the lossshould be negligible percentage wise.Seepage loss through the levee could be significant if it is not properly constructed with liners to reducethe loss. Bentonite clay liner of one-foot thick has been assumed in the cost estimate to reduce seepage.Final Design should include a blanket drain or toe drain at the base of the levee to accommodate seepage.There is no ideal depth of water for a reservoir; generally, the deeper the better. A typical depth of 35 feethas been selected. Reservoirs with depths less than 20 feet will have seasonal excess blue-green oranother algae growth with subsequent water quality problems.The following is the recommended reservoir size for 2014 through 2039 and for a second cell to beconstructed by the year 2039:Required Volume = 7 days x 0.94 x 78.5 mgd = 516.5 mg + 20 % = 620 mg
Wetted Perimeter Total 20 Total 2039
62 acres 100 acres 190 acresThe recommended size includes acreage to construct a reservoir pump station with access roads.7.1.3 Reservoir DetailsA single cell reservoir is recommended. A second cell should be constructed in the future as water usageincreases. The second cell would be constructed to have a common levee between the two celledreservoir. A benefit of having a second cell would be to have a backup, should the levee fail on one of them. A bypass line is included for pumping directly to the suction side of the reservoir pump station andbypassing the reservoir. A rate control valve would be used to match pumping from the Lake HuronPump Station to the pumps discharging from the reservoir pump station.
Jones & Henry Engineers, Ltd.
Lake Huron Water Supply Study758-6259.001 2 Appendix 7
As an alternative to the rate control valve, a minimum three million gallon storage tank should beconstructed on the bypass line to accommodate differences in pumping rates of the two pump stations (seeFigure 1).Maintenance will include vegetative control (mowing) as well as control of burrowing animals andmaintenance and monitoring of drainage tiles.A very preliminary study of the proposed property was conducted. Using well logs in the area andpublished geological information of that regional area. The conclusion was that it does appear that theremay be significant quantities of clay bearing soil materials from which to construct dikes with liners.A typical reservoir cross section is shown in Figure 2. Actual recommendations for type and thickness of liners can only be made after a thorough site investigation.A single line entering near the top of the reservoir to prevent draining in the event of a pipe break isrecommended with a sediment trap (Figure 3). The trap will provide sufficient time for heavier solids tosettle out. The trap will have to be cleaned periodically.A multi-port outlet structure will be provided (Figure 4). Sluice gates would be mounted at variousheights. A single sluice gate would be opened in order to draw off the best quality water. The best waterquality depth could change seasonally or for some other reason. The outlet structure could be accessed bya bridge from the top of the dike (vandal potential) or by boat (inconvenient). An overflow/reservoir drainstructure would be provided (Figure 5). The discharge line would run to an appropriate point. Nochemical feed provisions are contemplated. Hand broadcasting of copper sulfate via boat would likely benecessary at the onset of summer for curtailing blue-green algae.An outfall structure will be provided to dissipate energy in the event of an accidental overflow.7.1.4 Identification of SiteThere are a number of potential sites in the area that may be suitable for an upground reservoir.Sites in the area have significant changes in the topography and may be difficult if not impossible toachieve an earth balance. However, there will be more than sufficient backfill available from constructionof the transmission lines if needed.A thorough evaluation will be necessary including an environmental site assessment and a wetlandsstudy.7.1.5 PermittingAs previously mentioned, an environmental assessment must be conducted for the presence or absence of hazardous or toxic materials in the soil, subsurface, or ground water. The wetlands study would determinepresence or absence of wetlands or protected species.The design of the reservoir would be reviewed by the DEQ and DNR to evaluate its compliance with staterequirements and the Federal Dam Safety Act of 1994. Local zoning/planning commission requirementsmust also be addressed.7.1.6 Water Quality

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