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General Sherman predicts a long and bloody Civil War, 1861

General Sherman predicts a long and bloody Civil War, 1861

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Sherman discusses cadet appointments to West Point for Mora's nephew (the Military Academy did not fill the slots left by seceding states with candidates from loyal states) and how his influence has lessened since commanding a defeated brigade at the battle of Bull Run. He also briefly alludes to his current help to Gen. Robert Anderson in Kentucky and his feeling that "[w]e are in for a long & bloody Civil War".
Sherman discusses cadet appointments to West Point for Mora's nephew (the Military Academy did not fill the slots left by seceding states with candidates from loyal states) and how his influence has lessened since commanding a defeated brigade at the battle of Bull Run. He also briefly alludes to his current help to Gen. Robert Anderson in Kentucky and his feeling that "[w]e are in for a long & bloody Civil War".

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05/06/2011

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William T. Sherman to J. Mora Gross
Cincinnati, Ohio, September 9, 1861.Autograph letter signed, 4 pages.Cincinnati, Sept 9. 1861J. Mora Gross Esq. San Francisco,Dear Sir,Your letter of July 10. has followed me from St Louis, to Ohio, to Washingtonand now here. But no delay has resulted to you. The time for making Cadet appointments isfrom January to March, and the Cadet is required to be at West Point about the 1
st
of June and atno other time. According to the Law these appointments are made according to theRepresentation in Congress, and the Secretary of War leaves to Each member the selection of aCandidate from his District. There was an attempt to arrange appointments [
2
] for the greatnumber of vacancies now Existing from the seceded states, but there was a disagreement aboutthe mode of appointment so that now the Academy has only the Regular appointments from theLoyal states. There is no doubt Congress at its next session will amend this so that there will bea great number of vacancies next winter, but the press for them Exceed, that at any former periodof our History. Your brother should at once approach the member who represents his districtfrom Philadelphia and if he can secure his promise there will be no further trouble, but if that beimpossible the only remaining chance is to ask President Lincoln for one of Ten which is givenhim at large – usually confined to the Sons [
3
] of officers killed in Battle, or of persons who haverendered some great national service. I know the great number of People urging claims andwould say that if your nephew desires to Enter the Army, he would do well in case he does notsucceed in making West Point to enter one of the Private Military Schools – say Col Churchillsat Sing Sing New York, and prepare for a Commission in the Army. Its great enlargement andthe necessity for a vast number of Lieutenants for immediate service makes it easier to secure aCommission at once, than to get a Cadet's Warrant for West Point. You may tell your Brother allthis, and that I would gladly aid him in carrying out his wishes, but I can promise but littleinfluence, as I am not very near [
4
] the Ruling Power – [Until] within a few days I commanded aBrigade in Virginia was one of the defeated at Bull Run – but am now here to help General
The Gilder Lehrman Collection
GLC01686

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