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M1 garand

M1 garand

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Published by: Rob90 on Apr 05, 2011
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GLOSSARYOFCOLLECTOR TERMS
© Garand Collectors Association 2007
www.thegca.orgP.O. Box 7498N. Kansas City, MO 64116816-471-2005
ANNEALED RECEIVER ARROWHEADBASEBIRCHBRIGHTCHAMBER BRITISH PROOFSCARTOUCHECMPCOMPSPRINGCURVED SIDEDANISHDASHDASH NUMBER DCMDEMILDRAWING NUMBER EXTRAHOLEFIELD STRIPFLUSH NUTGAPLETTER GAS PORTGAS TRAPGREEK HEADSPACEHEATLOTHOODED SIGHTIMPORTMARKSIN THE WHITEKEYSTONE SPRINGLATELEND LEASELMR LOCK BAR LONG CHANNELM1CM1DMC-1MILLEDMIXMASTER MODELSHOPMUZZLE WEAR NATIONALMATCHNO-TRAPNUMBEREDORDNANCE WHEELPOSTAGE STAMPPROOF PREBUILDRED BANDRELIEVEDREPRORESTORATIONREWELDSIGHTSEALSINGLE SLOTSLANTCUTSQUARE SPRING See KEYSTONESTAMPEDTANKER THROATEROSIONTWO TONE See ANNEALEDTYPE 1 NATIONALMATCHTYPE 2 NATIONALMATCHWELDED RECEIVER SeeREWELDWELDED SEAMWIN-13
 
ANNEALED RECEIVER – Also Lead Pot Annealed.
A process used to soften the rear of the receiver to prevent crack-ing when struck by the bolt during recoil. After the developmentof the grenade launcher, a new steel alloy less prone to crackingwas used to make receivers. Older receivers were dipped in moltenlead to reduce brittleness. This process darkened the appearance of the dipped section, resulting in “two-tone” receivers.
ARROWHEAD
A style of receiver logo used on the earliest InternationalHarvester rifles, in which the arrangement of the text lines resem-bles an arrowhead. Collectors believe these were supplied bySpringfield Armory and are among the very first rifles producedby IHC.
BASE
Properly “bracket”; the dovetail base fastened to the receiver of theM1C Sniper rifle. The telescope and mount slide onto the bracket.See M1C.
BIRCH
The wood used to make replacement stocks and handguards in thelate 1950’s. Original specifications called for walnut, but difficul-ty in obtaining it resulted in a switch to birch in some rebuild pro-grams and for replacement guards.
BRIGHT CHAMBER
In original assembly the chamber area of the barrel was notParkerized and appears bright. During rebuild, a newly refurbishedbarrel/receiver assembly was refinished and the chamber areaParkerized in the process. A bright chamber is a clue to originality.
GLOSSARY OF COLLECTOR TERMS
Compiled by Bob Seijas
 
BRITISH PROOFS
A set of stampings required by British law on any firearm export-ed from England. The 1941 – 1942 Lend Lease rifles imported inthe 1960’s carried these marks in the barrel date area, and laterimports on the top of the barrel between the rings of the gas cylin-der. Collectors generally dislike non-standard markings.
CARTOUCHE
The collector term for the mark stamped into the left side of thestock upon original acceptance of the rifle by the government. Theearliest stamps bore the initials of the manufacturer over the ini-tials of the inspector under whose authority it was accepted. In late1940 the Springfield Armory format was changed to use the ini-tials of the armory Commandant. At Winchester the new type usedGHD, the initials of the Chief of Ordnance. In 1953 the old car-touche was changed to the boxed Eagle and Stars called theDefense Acceptance Stamp. Springfield, Harrington &Richardson, and International Harvester all used the DAS fromthat time onward.
CMP
Civilian Marksmanship Program headquartered in Anniston,Alabama, formed in 1994 to succeed the DCM. All M1 rifles inArmy inventory were transferred to them for sale to qualified buy-ers. CMP supports the National Matches at Camp Perry.See www.odcmp.com
COMP SPRING
Properly “compensating spring.” A small spring butted to the frontof the keystone operating rod spring to improve functioning inearly rifles. This required a follower rod with a thin body overwhich the comp spring fit. The comp spring was eliminated in1940 (see KEYSTONE).
CURVED SIDE
The profile of the operating rod boss. Early rod bosses were cut inan arc; later rods were cut straight.
DANISH
Rifles loaned to Denmark during the Cold War and returned bythem in 1998. CMP sold these rifles to the public.
DASH
A component of some parts marking (see DRAWING NUMBER).Some parts marking included a dash between the letter of the mark and the main number, as well as a dash between the number andthe Revision Number. Parts marks with dashes are usually earlierthan the same number without a dash.
DASH NUMBER
The revision number, often separated from the main part numberby a dash. The part blueprint was revised when some element of construction was changed, even if the change did not entail achange of shape. Parts constructed according to the new drawingwere marked with the number of the revision to the original draw-ing. The digit 4 in B-8881-4 above represents the fourth revisionto the original long butt plate screw.

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