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15_April_Amino_Acids

15_April_Amino_Acids

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Published by: Ruth Danielle Gascon on Apr 05, 2011
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Amino Acids
What Are the Structures and Properties of AminoAcids, the Building Blocks of Proteins?
Amino acids contain a central tetrahedralcarbon atomThere are 20 common amino acidsAmino acids can join via peptide bondsSeveral amino acids occur only rarely inproteinsSome amino acids are not found inproteins
 
Chemistry 40 (Summer 2007)
 
Anatomy of an amino acid. Except for proline and its derivatives, all of theamino acids commonly found in proteins possess this type of structure.
Amino Acids Building Blocks of Proteins 
Chemistry 40 (Summer 2007)
 
The
α  
-COOH and
α  
-NH
3+
groups of twoamino acids canreact with theresulting loss of awater molecule toform a covalentamide bond.
Amino Acids Can Join Via Peptide Bonds 
 
20 Common Amino Acids
You should know names, structures, pK 
values, 3-letter and 1-letter codes 
• Non-polar amino acids• Polar, uncharged amino acidsAcidic amino acidsBasic amino acids
Chemistry 40 (Summer 2007)

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