100030406Montenegro Recognizes KosovoThe Montenegrin government led by President Milo Djukanovic unanimously recognized theindependence of Kosovo on October 9, 2008, politically opposing its historically traditional ally,Serbia. As a response to such political demarcation, Serbia had the Montenegrin ambassador expelled from Belgrade. Montenegro’s minister of foreign affairs, Milan Rocen, claimed that therecognition of Kosovo’s independence is not “extorted,” but merely recognition of the politicalreality in the region.
The decision came after the Montenegrin Parliament ratified the resolution of “accelerating the Euro-Atlantic integration,” which represents Montenegrin commitment to becomepart of the European Union and NATO by maintaining regional stability.In her study, “Understanding the Process/Outcome Linkage in Foreign Policy,” Jean Garrisonargues that issue framing is one amongst many tools used by policymakers to see their agenda leadto particular policy choices.
The Euro-Atlantic integration resolution that was ratified by theMontenegrin Parliament on October 3, 2008, states that Montenegrin re-affirmation of itsnationhood demonstrates that its strategic goals are aimed toward European and Euro-Atlanticintegrations. Additionally stated in the resolution, Montenegro agrees to respect the political realitythat the EU and NATO find important for regional stability, and that this will be the basis for Montenegro’s decision regarding the Kosovo question.
The resolution was proposed and preparedby 32 parliament members of ruling coalition; 25 from the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS)and 7 from the Social Democratic Party (SDP), headed by President of Parliament RankoKrivokapic. Miodrag Vukovic, member of the DPS stated that “the ruling coalition proposed thisresolution in order to prove that in its structures, there are no anti-integration forces.”
Out of 66 parliament members that voted, 45 declared they were pro-resolution, all of whom weremembers of the ruling coalition. Against declared 21 parliament members of the opposition, withthe belief that the resolution is an overture for formal recognition of Kosovo’s independence. Theoppositional political party, Group for Changes, did not attend the parliament meeting because their version of the resolution was not passed. During the debate in the Parliament, Minister MiloDjukanovic of Montenegro declared that the government will, with or without the support of theparliament, responsibly decide the policy toward the Kosovo issue, “Kosovo is autonomous. Serbiahas no governmental jurisdiction over Kosovo.”
The same view was later expressed by another parliament member of the SDP and one of the participant authors of the resolution, by stating that“Kosovo was lost in the year 1999 when Slobodan Milosevic ratified the resolution and pulled back the Yugoslav army, handing over the control in Kosovo to EU and NATO.”
Z. Jeftic, “Crna Gora i Makedonija priznale Kosovo,”
Jean Garrison. “Understanding the Process/Outcome Linkage in Foreign Policy”
J. Mr, “Podržan Predlog rezolucije o ubrzanju evroatlantskih integracija,”
N/A, “CG: Uvod u priznanje Kosova?”