ancient Church (apparently before these records). TRINITY denotes the Church’s best systematic understanding of that UNITED and FULL RELATION within the BEING of the one DIVINITY or GODHEAD, as is most agreeable with the great and profound Truth revealed in the Apostolic Scriptures.The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are the Three Divine Manifestations (PERSONS or SUBSISTENCES) which the Apostolic Scriptures call both “God” and “Lord”. PERSON or SUBSISTENCE is used to represents what the Three Divine Manifestationshave in distinction.SUBSTANCE or ESSENCE is used to represents what the Three Divine Manifestations(PERSONS or SUBSISTENCES) share in unity.The TRINITY of the One GODHEAD means:The Three PERSONS (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) of One SUBSTANCE of the OneGODHEAD; or The One GODHEAD of One SUBSTANCE manifest in Three PERSONS (Father, Son and Holy Spirit).
Without grasping the revealed truth of the Trinity, one would not make sound sense of:
the Biblical Scripture,
the Salvation of humankind from consequences and condemnation of sin,
the Divinity of the Godhead,
our personal relationship with God and
the source and purpose of nature and existence.
The doctrine of the Trinity should be understood, taught and proclaimed as the ultimate
truthabout the One True God, which is revealed through Christ and the Gospel
. It needs not andshould not be proved by natural philosophical reasoning, because
the Trinity is a biblicalinsight
into what human wisdom and reason cannot philosophize – THE SUPERNATURALESSENCE OF THE DIVINE NATURE. In
The Westminster Dictionary of Christian Theology
(Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1969, 1983), Alan Richardson, onetime Dean of York puts itthus:
“There is no problem at all of reconciling the divinity of Christ and the Spirit with Jewishmonotheism.”
The doctrine of the Trinity makes the absolute fullness and the related personhood of theGodhead known (Col 1:19, 2:9; John 1:14, 16).
Without being a trinity, God could not be ourSaviour or Redeemer and would be deficient deity: lacking fullness, personality and self-existence.
The inevitability of the “triune-ness” of the Godhead for our salvation and faith in theTriune God is seen in Christ’s teachings:
No one comes to the Father except by Me
” (John 14:6; Matt 11:27) and
No one comes to me except the Father draws him
” (John 6:44, 65) and
THE DIVINE TRINITY
by I. U. Ibeme 2