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Wildlife Protection Act of 1972

Wildlife Protection Act of 1972

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Published by Ravi Ranjan

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Published by: Ravi Ranjan on Apr 05, 2011
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Wildlife Protection Act of 1972
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Part of theWildlife of Indiaseries
 Portal:Indian wildlifeFlora of India
 
Fauna of India
 
Mammals
 
Birds
 
Fishes
 
Butterflies
 
Moths
 
Indian natural history
 
Endangered species
 
Conservation
 
Ecoregions
 
Wildlife Institute
 
National parks
 
Biosphere reserves
 
Protected forests
 
Private Protected areas
 
 
Wildlife sanctuaries
 
Forestry in India
 
Communal forests
 
Ministry of Environment and Forests
 
Indian Forest Service
 
Forest Management
 
Project Tiger
 
Project Elephant
 
Indian Forest Act, 1927
 
Protection Act of 1972Zoos
 
T
he
Wildlife Protection Act of 1972
refers to a sweeping package of legislation enacted in 1972 bythe Government of India. Prior to 1972, Indiaonly had five designated national parks. Among otherreforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or otherwiseharvesting these species was largely outlawed.
T
he Act provides for the protection of Wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connectedtherewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the Stateof Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildife act. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection, with absolute protection being provided under Schedule I and part II of schedule II with thehighest penalties prescribed for offences under these schedules and Species listed in the Sch IV are alsoprotected but the penalties are much lower, with the enforcement authorities having the power tocompound offences (as in they impose fines on the offenders).
Definitions under this Act (Section 2)
"animal"
includes amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles, and their young, and also includes, in thecases of birds and reptiles, their eggs,
"animal article"
means an article made from any captive animal or wild animal, other than vermin, andincludes an article or object in which the whole or any part of such animal [has been usedand ivory imported into India and an article made therefrom.
"hunting"
, includes,

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