Forestry in India
Ministry of Environment and Forests
Indian Forest Service
Indian Forest Act, 1927
Protection Act of 1972Zoos
Wildlife Protection Act of 1972
refers to a sweeping package of legislation enacted in 1972 bythe Government of India. Prior to 1972, Indiaonly had five designated national parks. Among otherreforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or otherwiseharvesting these species was largely outlawed.
he Act provides for the protection of Wild animals, birds and plants and for matters connectedtherewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the Stateof Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildife act. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection, with absolute protection being provided under Schedule I and part II of schedule II with thehighest penalties prescribed for offences under these schedules and Species listed in the Sch IV are alsoprotected but the penalties are much lower, with the enforcement authorities having the power tocompound offences (as in they impose fines on the offenders).
Definitions under this Act (Section 2)
includes amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles, and their young, and also includes, in thecases of birds and reptiles, their eggs,
means an article made from any captive animal or wild animal, other than vermin, andincludes an article or object in which the whole or any part of such animal [has been usedand ivory imported into India and an article made therefrom.