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Texas Redistricting Bill

Texas Redistricting Bill

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Published by Greg Wythe

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Published by: Greg Wythe on Apr 05, 2011
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04/05/2011

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P
ROVIDING
 
F
AIR
 
AND
 
E
FFECTIVE
 
R
EPRESENTATION
 
FOR
 
THE
 
P
EOPLE
 
OF
 
T
EXAS
 
A
 
Proposed
 
Congressional
 
Redistricting
 
Act
 
and
 
Constitutional
 
Amendment
 
for
 
the
 
State
 
of 
 
Texas
 
 
February
 
2011
 
PREPARED
 
BY:
 
A.
 
J.
 
Pate,
 
CPA
 
Houston,
 
Texas
 
 
By:
 
__________________
 
____
 
_____.B.
 
No.
 
________
 
A
 
BILL
 
TO
 
BE
 
ENTITLED
 
AN
 
ACT
 
relating
 
to
 
the
 
redistricting
 
of 
 
congressional
 
districts
 
and
 
the
 
establishment
 
of 
 
redistricting
 
principles
1
 
and
 
procedures
 
to
 
provide
 
fair
 
and
 
effective
 
representation
2
 
for
 
the
 
people
 
of 
 
Texas
 
and
 
to
 
maintain
 
public
 
confidence
 
in
 
the
 
integrity
 
of 
 
the
 
redistricting
 
process.
 
BE
 
IT
 
ENACTED
 
BY
 
THE
 
LEGISLATURE
 
OF
 
THE
 
STATE
 
OF
 
TEXAS:
 
SECTION
 
1.
 
Subtitle
 
A,
 
Title
 
3,
 
Government
 
Code,
 
is
 
amended
 
by
 
adding
 
Chapter
 
307
 
to
 
read
 
as
 
follows:
 
CHAPTER
 
307.
 
ESTABLISHMENT
 
OF
 
REDISTRICTING
 
PRINCIPLES
 
AND
 
PROCEDURES
 
Sec.
 
307.001.
 
DEFINITIONS.
 
In
 
this
 
chapter:
 
(1)
 
"Federal
 
census"
 
means
 
the
 
decennial
 
census
 
required
 
by
 
the
 
United
 
States
 
Constitution
 
to
 
be
 
conducted
 
by
 
the
 
United
 
States
 
Bureau
 
of 
 
the
 
Census
 
in
 
every
 
year
 
ending
 
in
 
the
 
numeral
 
zero.
 
(2)
 
"Plan"
 
means
 
a
 
redistricting
 
plan
 
for
 
the
 
Texas
 
congressional
 
districts
 
drawn
 
pursuant
 
to
 
the
 
requirements
 
of 
 
this
 
chapter.
 
Sec.
 
307.002.
 
PLAN
 
REQUIREMENTS.
 
(A)
 
In
 
a
 
plan
 
adopted
 
under
 
this
 
chapter,
 
all
 
applicable
 
state
 
and
 
federal
 
constitutional
 
and
 
statutory
 
requirements
 
shall
 
be
 
followed:
 
(1)
 
Districts
 
shall
 
be
 
established
 
as
 
nearly
 
equal
 
in
 
population
 
as
 
practicable
 
and
 
feasible
3
 
to
 
comply
 
with
 
the
 
United
 
States
 
Constitution
 
as
 
interpreted
 
by
 
the
 
Supreme
 
Court
 
of 
 
the
 
United
 
States.
 
The
 
total
 
population
 
deviation
 
of 
 
the
 
plan
 
shall
 
be
 
less
 
than
 
one
 
percent
 
 
from
 
the
 
ideal
 
district
 
population,
4
 
in
 
compliance
 
with
 
the
 
legitimate
 
state
 
objectives
 
and
 
legislative
 
policies
5
 
stated
 
in
 
this
 
chapter.
 
The
 
ideal
 
district
 
population
 
shall
 
be
 
calculated
 
by
 
dividing
 
the
 
total
 
state
 
population
 
in
 
the
 
most
 
recent
 
federal
 
census
 
by
 
the
 
total
 
number
 
of 
 
districts.
 
Deviations
 
shall
 
be
 
specifically
 
reconciled
 
to
 
the
 
redistricting
 
principles
 
stated
 
in
 
this
 
chapter.
6
 
(2)
 
The
 
plan
 
shall
 
comply
 
with
 
applicable
 
requirements
 
of 
 
the
 
federal
 
Voting
 
Rights
 
Act
 
of 
 
1965,
 
as
 
amended.
 
Such
 
requirements
 
protect
 
geographically
compact
 
minority
 
groups
7
 
and
 
are
 
fully
 
consistent
 
with
 
the
 
redistricting
 
principles
 
expressed
 
in
 
this
 
chapter.
 
The
 
redistricting
 
principles
 
shall
 
not
 
be
 
subordinated
 
to
 
combine
 
distant
 
and
 
discrete
 
minority
 
communities
 
of 
 
interest
 
with
 
disparate
 
needs
 
and
 
interests.
8
 
(B)
 
In
 
a
 
plan
 
adopted
 
under
 
this
 
chapter,
 
the
 
following
 
redistricting
 
principles
 
shall
 
be
 
followed:
 
(1)
 
The
 
plan
 
shall
 
respect
 
the
 
integrity
 
of 
 
the
 
state's
 
basic
 
geographic
 
regions
9
 
delineated
 
by
 
its
 
Councils
 
of 
 
Governments.
10
 
These
 
councils
 
shall
 
form
 
the
 
cores
 
of 
 
districts
 
insofar
 
as
 
practicable,
 
individually
 
or
 
by
 
combining
 
or
 
dividing
 
as
 
may
 
be
 
required
 
to
 
comply
 
with
 
population
 
equality.
 
(2)
 
The
 
plan
 
shall
 
avoid
 
unnecessarily
 
dividing
 
counties
 
and
 
cities
 
in
 
the
 
formation
 
of 
 
districts.
11
 
To
 
the
 
extent
 
practicable,
 
district
 
lines
 
shall
 
be
 
coterminous
 
with
 
the
 
boundaries
 
of 
 
these
 
political
 
subdivisions.
12
 
City
 
boundaries,
 
which
 
may
 
be
 
highly
 
irregular,
13
 
shall
 
not
 
be
 
given
 
priority
 
over
 
retaining
 
a
 
community
 
of 
 
interest
 
intact.
 
(3)
 
The
 
plan
 
shall
 
keep
 
intact,
 
to
 
the
 
extent
 
practicable,
 
any
 
discrete
 
and
 
insular
 
communities
 
of 
 
interest
14
 
which
 
are
 
readily
 
identifiable,
 
based
 
on
 
actual
 
shared
 
and
 
relevant
 

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