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Published by Manuel Otero
INTRODUCTION The AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 regulate the level of excitation supplied to the field of a conventional, brushless, synchronous generator. Regulation is achieved by sensing the generator output voltage, converting it to a dc signal, and comparing the signal to a reference voltage. An error signal is developed and used to control the dc field power in order to maintain a constant generator output. Each regulator includes frequency co
INTRODUCTION The AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 regulate the level of excitation supplied to the field of a conventional, brushless, synchronous generator. Regulation is achieved by sensing the generator output voltage, converting it to a dc signal, and comparing the signal to a reference voltage. An error signal is developed and used to control the dc field power in order to maintain a constant generator output. Each regulator includes frequency co

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Published by: Manuel Otero on Apr 05, 2011
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The AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 regulate thelevel of excitation supplied to the field of aconventional, brushless, synchronous gen-erator.Regulation is achieved by sensing the gen-erator output voltage, converting it to a dcsignal, and comparing the signal to a refer-ence voltage. An error signal is developedand used to control the dc field power inorder to maintain a constant generator out-put.Each regulator includes frequency compen-sation with selectable slope, inverse-timeoverexcitation shutdown, buildup circuitry,single- or three-phase voltage sensing, sin-gle- or three-phase shunt or permanentmagnet generator (PMG) power input, paral-lel droop compensation, and an accessoryinput. The accessory input provides com-patibility with devices such as var/powerfactor controllers or excitation limiters.
Configuration: 1-phase or 3-phaseFrequency: 50 to 400 Hz
Voltage Range 
AVC63-12: 90 TO 153 VacAVC125-10: 180 to 264 Vac
Maximum Continuous Burden 
AVC63-12: 1,092 VAAVC125-10: 1,750 VA
for Inrush Current ReductionModule information.
Sensing Input
Configuration: 1-phase or 3-phaseBurden: <1 VA per phase
Voltage Range 
Option A: 90 to 139 VacOption B: 180 to 264 Vac
Nominal Frequency 
Option 1: 50 or 60 HzOption 2: 400 Hz(See Table 4 for style/option information.)
Accessory Input
Voltage Range:
3 Vdc
Power Output
Maximum Continuous Output 
AVC63-12: 12 Adc at 63 VdcAVC125-10: 10 Adc at 125 Vdc
10 Second Forcing Output 
AVC63-12: 24 Adc at 125 VdcAVC125-10: 20 Adc at 250 Vdc
Minimum Field Resistance 
AVC63-12: 5.25
 AVC125-10: 12.5
Regulation Accuracy
0.5% of voltage setpoint, average response
Voltage Drift
0.5% variation for a 40
C (104
F) change
Response Time
<4 ms
Frequency Compensation
One or two jumper-selectable V/Hz curveswith knee frequency adjustable from 45 to65 Hz (50/60 Hz units) or 300 to 430 Hz(400 Hz units). Refer to Figure 1 (60 Hz) andFigure 2 (400 Hz) for sensing models.
EMI Suppression
Internal filter. (See
CE Conformity 
Voltage Buildup
Automatic voltage buildup occurs from re-sidual generator voltage as low as 6 Vac(AVC63-12) or 12 Vac (AVC125-10).
Overexcitation Shutdown
Overexcitation shutdown protection reducesthe output voltage to zero in the timesshown below for the listed voltages. Othervoltages and times are based on the inversetime characteristic curves of Figures 3 and 4AVC63-12125 Vdc,
10% in approximately 10 s210 Vdc,
10% in approximately 1 s or lessAVC125-10250 Vdc,
10% in approximately 10 s370 Vdc,
10% in approximately 1 s or less
Droop/Line Drop Compensation
<10 VA adjustable from 0 to 10% of ratedinput current at 0.8 power factor. (LDC com-pensates only for voltage drop due to linereactance and reactive components of theload current.)
Agency Approvals
UL Recognition 
Standard 508, File E97035
CSA Certification 
Standard CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 14-95,File LR 23131
CE Conformity 
Radiated EmissionsEN50081-2Conducted EmissionsEN50081-2 (EN55011, Class A)Conducted EmissionsEN50081-2 (EN55011, Class A)ESD ImmunityEN50082-2 (4 kV contact, 8 kV air)EFT ImmunityEN50082-2 (2 kV coupling clamp)Magnetic ImmunityEN50082-2 (30 Arms, 50 Hz)SafetyEN61010-1Radiated ImmunityElectric Field: EN61000-4-3 (10 V/m)Conducted: EN61000-4-6 (10 Vrms)
Type Tests
Withstands 20 G in each of 3 mutually per-pendicular planes.
Withstands 4.5 G at18 to 2,000 Hz
Operating: –40 to 70
C (–40 to 158
F)Storage: –40 to 70
C (–40 to 158
F)Max. Humidity: 95%, non-condensingWeight: approx. 1.1 kg (2.5 lb)
Regulators are contained in an encapsu-lated plastic case and may be mounted inany convenient position. A regulator may bemounted directly on a genset using UNF ¼-20 or equivalent hardware. Hardware selec-tion should be based on any expected ship-ping/transportation and operating conditions.The torque applied to the mounting hard-ware should not exceed 65 in-lb (7.34 N
m).See Figure 5 for regulator dimensions.
Before connecting the voltage regulator intoyour system, review the terminal descrip-tions listed in Table 1 and the connectiondiagrams in Figures 6 through 8.
Table 1. Terminal Descriptions 
Term # Description
CH GND Chassis ground connection23Auxiliary input from SCP250and/or EL 200 (See Fig. 7)4 Internal voltage adjust: con-nect to 7. External voltageadjust: no connection5 1 A current transformer (CT)5a 5 A CT6 CT common connection6a Common connection forselectable features7 Internal voltage adjust: con-nect to 4. External voltageadjust: connect to 6a8 Connect to 6a to select 1V/Hz underfrequency slope
Upper Terminal Strip 
9 Connect to 6a to select3-phase sensing20 C-phase sensing input22 A-phase sensing input24 B-phase sensing input26 1- or 3-phase power input28 3-phase power input30 1- or 3-phase power inputF1 Field + connection
Lower Term. Strip 
F2 Field connection
AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 adjustments aredescribed in the following paragraphs.
Field Flashing
When the regulator is operated with thegenerator for the first time, the residualmagnetism may not be of sufficient magni-tude or the correct polarity. If the generatorresidual voltage is less than 6 Vac for theAVC63-12 or 12 Vac for the AVC125-10 atterminals 26, 28 and/or 30, shut down theprime mover and proceed with the followingsteps.
 Do not flash the field when the genera-tor is in motion. Regulator damage mayresult.1. With the prime mover at rest, apply anungrounded dc source of not more than24 Vdc to terminals F1 (+) and F2 (–) inseries with a limiting resistor. Use 1
 of resistance for each volt applied. Thepower source should have a rating of atleast 1 W/ 
.EXAMPLE: If using a 24 Vdc source,use a 24
, 24 W resistor.2. Allow the field to be flashed for ap-proximately 10 seconds before remov-ing the dc source.3. If voltage buildup does not occur afterperforming steps 1 and 2, verify the po-larity of the dc source and repeat steps1 and 2.
Frequency Roll-Off (UF KNEE)
The underfrequency knee (roll-off) is typi-cally set below the nominal system fre-quency. When the generator speed fallsbelow the knee setpoint of the regulator,generator voltage is reduced proportionallyto the speed of the machine. To adjust theunderfrequency knee, perform the followingsteps.1. Adjust the generator frequency at thenominal level (50, 60, or 400 Hz).2. Adjust the UF KNEE control counter-clockwise.3. Adjust the VLT ADJ control for nominalgenerator voltage.4. Adjust the UF KNEE control clockwiseuntil the voltage begins to decrease.5. Adjust the UF KNEE counterclockwiseuntil the voltage just returns to thevalue set in step 3.The underfrequency knee is now set justbelow the nominal operating frequency.Further rotation in the counterclockwisedirection will lower the knee frequency set-point at which underfrequency compensa-tion just begins.Connecting a jumper from terminal 8 to 6awill provide an underfrequency slope of1 PU V/Hz. No connection to terminal 8 willresult in an underfrequency slope of 2 PUV/Hz. The slope can also be selected on the400 Hz models. However, the actual V/Hzcurve is approximately 1 PU or 2 PU, de-pending if terminal 8 is jumpered to 6a.
Stability (STB)
An oscilloscope or other voltage recordingdevice should be used in an optimal stabilitysetting is desired. Adjust the stability settingwith the generator at no load.Clockwise rotation of the STB control willslow response time. Counterclockwise rota-tion will speed response time. If rotated toofar counterclockwise, the generator voltagemay oscillate (hunt).To obtain good response, rotate the STBcontrol counterclockwise until the systemjust begins to oscillate. Then, rotate thecontrol clockwise just past the point whereoscillation occurred. Apply various amountsof load to determine proper stability per-formance.
Voltage (VLT ADJ)
Installation of a jumper across terminals 4and 7 allows the front-panel VLT ADJ con-trol to vary the generator nominal voltageover the operating range.To allow operation of an external voltageadjust control, remove the jumper betweenterminals 4 and 7 and connect a 10 k
,external potentiometer across terminals 6aand 7. The front-panel VLT ADJ controlshould be set fully clockwise for proper op-eration of the external adjustment. Note thatas the external potentiometer resistanceincreases, generator voltage also increases.
Factory Calibration (FAC CAL)
 The FAC CAL control is intended for useduring factory calibration only. The fol-lowing procedure can be used if the fac-tory calibration has been disturbed.1. With the regulator operating on a gen-erator, adjust the FAC CAL control fullycounterclockwise and the external volt-age adjust control fully clockwise.2. Adjust the FAC CAL control clockwiseuntil the generator voltage reaches thedesired maximum voltage setting. Theregulator is calibrated and the FACCAL control can be sealed.
Parallel Droop Compensation
Variable parallel droop compensation levelscan be obtained by adjusting the DRP con-trol. Clockwise rotation increases theamount of droop for a given condition.
Line Drop Compensation
When the sensing input CT connections arereversed to provide line drop compensation,the droop adjustment become the line dropcompensation adjustment.
Startup and troubleshooting procedures forthe AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 are listed inthe following procedure. Symptoms ofstartup problems stemming from improperregulator adjustments and certain generatorsystem problems that resemble faulty regu-lation are listed with possible solutions. Sim-plifying the system by eliminating compo-nents, such as remote adjustment potenti-ometers and other nonessential items, canbe helpful in the troubleshooting process.Adjustments, options, and an operationaltest are included in the paragraphs followingthe procedure.1. Ensure that the regulator has beeninstalled in accordance with the
Instal- lation 
paragraphs be-fore proceeding with system startup.2. Start the prime mover and bring it up torated speed.If the voltage does not build up:a. Flash the field.b. Remove power for one minute toreset the overexcitation circuit.3. Slowly adjust the VOLT potentiometeror external, voltage adjust rheostat untilthe voltage reaches nominal.If the voltage will not build up to rated:Check the generator output for ashorted or excessive load.4. Apply and remove the generator loadto check stability.If the generator response is too slow oris hunting (oscillating):a. Check the generator output for ashorted or excessive load. Adjustthe STB potentiometer with noload applied.b. Check stability of the governor.5. Check regulation under normal operat-ing conditions.If the regulation is poor:a. Check that the prime mover is upto rated speed.b. Check that the voltmeter is con-nected at the same point as theregulator sensing.c. Use an average-sensing voltmeter(not an rms-sensing voltmeter).6. Reduce the generator frequency. Thegenerator output should decrease fromthis point.If the generator output voltage does notdecrease at the desired frequency:a. Check that all wiring is in accor-dance with the connection dia-grams provided in this instructionsheet.b. Adjust the UF KNEE control.
The AVC63-12 and AVC125-10 may beequipped with the following options to en-hance operation.
Remote Voltage Adjust
Connect a 10 k
, 2 W potentiometer acrossterminals 6a and 7, remove the jumper fromterminals 4 and 7, and adjust the front panelVLT ADJ control fully clockwise to enableremote adjustment of the voltage setpoint.
Inrush Current Reduction Module
A Basler ICRM-15 is required when energiz-ing the AVC63-12 or AVC125-10 from asource that is already at the regulator inputpower rating. The ICRM-15 minimizes theamount of inrush current that could be seenwhen power is applied.
Excitation Disable
This option disables excitation by removingpower from the regulator. A switch removingvoltage from terminals 26, 28 and/or 30 willremove regulator power.
Excitation Limiter
The Basler EL 200 provides an initial, fast-acting limit of the field current at a user-defined level. Once the field current haschanged to the selected level, the EL 200provides a signal to the regulator to changethe excitation level.
Var/Power Factor Control
This option enables the AVC63-12 andAVC125-10 to regulate the var and powerfactor while the generator is connected to aninfinite or utility bus. The Basler SCP 250supplies a dc signal into terminals 2 and 3 ofthe regulator to correct for vars or powerfactor. Figure 7 illustrates regulator and SCP250 interconnection.
Current Boost System
With the CBS 212 option, if the generatoroutput voltage decreases below the presetoperating point due to a short or large motorstarting, the CBS 212 provides full currentboost to the generator exciter until the volt-age returns to a level just above the operat-ing point.
Manual Voltage Control
The Basler MVC-112 provides a method formanually controlling the generator outputduring generator startup and commissioningor in the unlikely event of a regulator failure.Model MVC-112 is suitable for use witheither the AVC63-12 or AVC125-10 voltageregulator.
This test verifies the operation of all eightmodels of the AVC63-12 and AVC125-10.Table 3 lists each regulator model and thecorresponding test voltage and frequency.
Table 3. Testing Parameters 
InputSensingModelPowerVac Hz
AVC63-12A1 120 120 50/60AVC63-12A2 120 120 400AVC63-12B1 120 240 50/60AVC63-12B2 120 240 400AVC125-10A1 240 120 50/60AVC125-10A2 240 120 400AVC125-10B1 240 240 50/60AVC125-10B2 240 240 400To test regulator operation, perform thefollowing steps.1. Connect the regulator according toFigure 9 and apply the appropriate volt-ages.2. Adjust the VLT ADJ control fully coun-terclockwise.Observe that the lamp is off.3. Adjust the VLT ADJ control clockwise.Observe that the lamp turns on.4. Adjust the VLT ADJ control until thelamp just turns off.Regulator operation is satisfactory if theabove results are obtained. However, stabil-ity must be tested with the generator andregulator in operation.
A periodic inspection of the regulator shouldbe made to ensure that it is clean and freefrom accumulations of dust and moisture.Ensure that all connections are clean andtight.
In case of regulator failure or defective op-eration, simplifying the system by eliminatingcomponents such as remote adjust potenti-ometers and other non-essential items canbe helpful in the troubleshooting process.
05010015020025020 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65
Frequency In Hertz
Terminal Voltage
Ideal 1 PU/HzIdeal 2 PU/Hz
050100150200250150 200 250 300 350 400 450
Frequency in Hertz
Terminal Voltage in Volts
Ideal 2 PU/HzIdeal 1 PU/Hz
70 90 110DC Output Voltage130 150 170 190 210 230110100Shutdown Region
Time In Seconds
Figure 1. 60 Hz Frequency Compensation Figure 2. 400 Hz Frequency Compensation Figure 4. AVC12510 Overexcitation Shutdown Characteristics Figure 5. Outline Drawing Figure 3. AVC63-12 Overexcitation Shutdown Characteristics 

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