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indetstrc

# indetstrc

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11/27/2013

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ABSTRACT
The analyses of statically indeterminate structures are generally performed byforce and displacement methods. A general discussion of these classical approachesis presented below with the aid of the truss model shown in fig. below.FigThe statically indeterminate truss of Fig. above contains both a redundantmember and a redundant reaction component. In a force-method analysis, sufficientnumber of truss bars and reaction components are assumed to be removed to form a primary structure that is statically determinate and geometrically stable. Obviously,removal of these members and support constrains will allow the truss deform morefreely under load. Thus, we are able to compute “free” displacements in thedirections of these released members and the released reactions due to the appliedloads.i

1. INTRODUCTION
Corresponding displacements can also be found due to a unit force applied atand in the direction of a released force; similar “unit” force displacements are foundfor each released force. Then, equations can be written in terms of free displacementsdue to applied loads and the free displacements due to the unknown redundant forces.These equations are used to determine the unknown forces, which will restore eachreleased support to its known location, and will ensure consistent deformation andforce compatibility between the released members and the primary truss. The forcemethod is also called the method of consistent deformations and is known as thecompatibility or flexibility method.George Washington Bridge, New York (after the lower roadway was added in 1962).The designers were Ammann and Strauss. (Courtesy of International StructuralSlides, Berkley.)The displacement method differs from the force method in that a set of simultaneous equations are written in terms of unknown joint displacements androtations instead of redundant forces. After joint displacements are determined, theelongation or construction of each member is computed. Then, the force in each truss bar (S) is solved from the familiar relationship, δ = SL/AE or S = δ. AE / L, whereAE/L represents the relative stiffness of an axially loaded member. Thus, thedisplacement method is also known as the stiffness method.1