at the British
Copyright © Ian Shaw, 1991.All rights reserved.No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmittedin any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopy, recording, or any information storageand retrieval system, without permission in writingfrom the publishers.ISBN 0 7478 0142 8.First published 1991.Printed in Great Britain by
Sons (Haverfordwest) Ltd,Press Buildings, Merlins Bridge, Haverfordwest, Dyfed SA61 1XF.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 4CHRONOLOGY 51. INTRODUCTION 72. EGYPT'S ENEMIES 93. FORTRESSES AND FRONTIERS
4. THE EGYPTIAN ARMY 255. WEAPONS AND MILITARY TECHNOLOGY 316. IMPERIAL STRATEGIES AND INTERNATIONALDIPLOMACY 457. NAVAL BATTLES 598. MILITARY DECLINE 659. MUSEUMS 6910. FURTHER READING 70INDEX 72
In writing this book I have received an incalculable amount of encouragement and enthusiasm from Ann Jones, who is also responsible forthe line drawings. I am very grateful to Barry Kemp, who read andcommented on the final draft of the text, and to Peter Clayton andKenneth Kitchen, who kindly provided some of the photographs. Thedynastic chronology is based on that of Dr William J. Murnane andacknowledgement is made to him and to Penguin Books for its use here.