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Electric Current and Circuits

# Electric Current and Circuits

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Physics Electric Current and Circuits Presentation
Physics Electric Current and Circuits Presentation

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09/14/2013

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Electric Current, PotentialDifference and resistance

Electric Current

Means flow of charge
±
Refers to
quantity
of charge that passes asingle point in time.

SI
unit of current is the
ampere (A)
whichis equivalent to 1
coulomb per second
I = q / t

Example

What is the electric current in a conductor if 240 C of charge pass through it in 1.0 min.
R
emember - Time must be measured in seconds
I = q / t
=
240 C / 60. s
=
4.0 A

I
n metallic conductors, the current is carried byfreely moving electrons; in solutions, thecurrent is carried by ions; in gases, the currentis carried by both electrons and ions.