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C. Francis Jenkins, "Vision by Radio," 1925.

C. Francis Jenkins, "Vision by Radio," 1925.

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In this essay, the inventor of the prototype motion picture projector explains the transmittance of moving pictures via radio, i.e. the first television image.
In this essay, the inventor of the prototype motion picture projector explains the transmittance of moving pictures via radio, i.e. the first television image.

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Published by: George Philip LeBourdais on Apr 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/06/2011

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Vision
by
RadioRadio PhotographsRadio Photograms
C.
FRANC
IS LENKINS
.
·
W
ASH
INGTON
l ~ ' 
 
555294
COP
YRIGH
TED,
1925,
In
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\['To
the
splrndid
young
f o l ~ s . 
Sybil
L.
Almand,FlorenceM.
Anthony,
J
oh
n
N:.
Og
le.
James
W.
Robinson.Stuart
W.
J r n ~ s
.
and
'Th
ornton
P.
Dewhirst,
who
so
efficiently
assisted
in
the
attainment
of
Photographs
by
Radio. RadioVision,
and
&dio
PhD-
tog
"
rams,
this
b o o ~ , 
ingrateful
ap
-
preciation,
isdedicated .
J
 
Mr.
C.
FrancisJenkins.
Born
in
the
cmmtry,
n
ort
hof
Dayton
,Ohio,in1868,
of
Qu
aker
p
arents.
Spent
boyhood
on farmnear
Richmond,
In
diana
.
Attended country
school;a
nearby
high school;
an
d
Earlham
College.
"Ex-
plored"
wh
eat
fields
andtimber
re
gionsof
Northwest,andcattle
ranges
and
mining
camps
of
Southwest
United
States.
Came
to
Washingt
on,
D.
C.,in1890,
an
dservedas secretary
to
Sumner
I.
Kimbal
l,U.S.LifeSaving Service.Resigned
in
1895
to
take
up
inventin
gasaprofession.
Built
the
prototype
of
the
motion
pict
ur
e
projector
now
in
ever
ypi
cturetheatre
the
worldover;develo
ped
the
spiral-woundparaffineda
U-p
aper
co
ntainer;
and
produced
the
first
photograph
s
by
radio,
and
mechani
sm
forviewing
rustant
scenesbyradio.Has
overthreehundredpatents;
and
main
tains
a
private laboratory
inWas
hin
gton.
He
isa
member
of
th
e
Franklin
In
st
i
tute,the
AmericanAssociationforthe
Advancement
ofScience,
and
founder of
the
Socie
ty
of
Mo
ti
on
P
ictureEngin
eers.
Ha
sseveral
tim
es
been
honored
by
scientifica
ndother
bodiesfororiginal research
and
att
ainment.
4
Foreword
Therapi
d devel
opment
of
apparatus
for
the
trans-
mission
of
photographs
bywire
and
by
radio
may
now
be
confidently expected, because
the
publicisready for
it.
At
this very
moment
it
is
going
through
the
s
ame
empiricalprocess
by
which
moti
on
pictures
arrived
,
andout
of
which
finally
the
longfilms
tr
ip
was
born
.
In
the
motion
pi
c
ture
deve
l
opment there appearedthe
spiral
picture
disc;t
he
picture
"
thum
b
book";picturecards
radially
mounted
on
drum
s
and
bands;
and
the
picture
fil
m
continuous
ly
moved
and
inter
mittent
ly illuminated.
But
finally
the
development reso
lved
itse
lf
into
asingle,long,
transparent picture
film,
int
e
rmittentlymoved in
the
exposureape
rture
of
the
projecting
mach
ine;
and
up
on
thishasbeenbuilt one of
the
l
ar
ge
i
ndustries
of
the
world.Do
ub
tless
this
wilt
be
the hist
o
ry
of
the
develop
ment
of
electrically
transmitted
photographs
,
and
of
radi
ovision, for
manysc
hemes ha
ve
already
been
tried
and
more
may yet
be seenbefore
the
final,
practical{onn
shall
have
beenevolved,
and
this
new
aid
to
business
and
to
e
nt
ertainment
shallh
ave
taken
i
ts
place
inhuman
affairs.
The
tran
smission
of
a
photograph
electrically,a
portrait,
fore.xample,is
not
so
much
a
matter
ofmechanism,once
the
toolsa
re
perfected
and
their
o
peration
understood;
it
ismorea
matter
of
bleudingof
line
andtone
,ju
st
exact
ly
as
it
is w
it
ht
he
art
ist.
The
great
p
ortraitphotographer
uses
the
same
toolsthe
amateur
uses,
butan
ac
quiredtechnique of
high
orderenab
les
him
to
pr
oduceasuperior
portrait,
;

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