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Wind Energy Voluntary Cooperation Agreement Second Summary Report

Wind Energy Voluntary Cooperation Agreement Second Summary Report

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Published by ztower
PENNSYLVANIA GAME COMMISSION
WIND ENERGY VOLUNTARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT
SECOND SUMMARY REPORT
PENNSYLVANIA GAME COMMISSION
WIND ENERGY VOLUNTARY COOPERATION AGREEMENT
SECOND SUMMARY REPORT

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Published by: ztower on Apr 06, 2011
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PENNSYLVANIA GAME COMMISSIONWIND ENERGY VOLUNTARY COOPERATION AGREEMENTSECOND SUMMARY REPORT
Tracey Librandi Mumma, Wildlife Biologist IIIWilliam Capouillez, DirectorBureau of Wildlife Habitat ManagementMarch 4, 2011 (Revised March 16, 2011)
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS` PAGEAcknowledgements 3Executive Summary 4Introduction/Background 8Cooperators 8Non-cooperators 9Objectives and Goals 10Risk Assessments and PGC Review of Projects 10Pennsylvania Wind Project Site Location 11Survey Results Summary 13Pre-construction Results 15
Birds: Raptor Migration Surveys
15
Birds: Breeding Bird Surveys
18
Birds: Species of Special Concern Surveys
20
Bats: Potential Hibernacula Investigations
20
 Bats: Acoustic Monitoring
21
 Bats: Mist Net Surveys
23
 Bats: Telemetry
23
 Other Mammals of Special Concern Surveys
25Post-construction Results 26
Mortality
26
 Bat Mortality
27
Bird Mortality
31
Mortality in Relation to Turbine
34
Searcher Efficiency
35
Scavenger Removal 
35
Incidental Mortality
36
Large Mortality Events
37
Eagle Mortality
37
 Threatened and Endangered Species Mortality
37
Mortality
– 
Weather Correlation
38
Can Mortality be Predicted?
38
Post-construction Raptor Migration Surveys
38
Post-construction Bat Acoustic Surveys
40
Post-construction Radar Surveys
41
Correlation between Pre-construction Breeding Bird Surveys and Post-construction Mortality
41
 Post-construction Woodrat Surveys
41
Contributions to Other Wind Related Studies
41Significant Findings From Cooperator Surveys 42Best Management Practices 42Avoidance, Minimize, and Mitigation 43Research 44Overall Successes/Challenges 45Future 46References 48Appendices 50
 
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We thank our colleagues in the Pennsylvania Game Commission who provided helpfulcomments and contributions to earlier drafts of this report particularly Stacy Wolbert, DouglasGross, Calvin Butchkoski, and Catherine Haffner. In addition, several wind energy Cooperatorsprovided useful feedback to enhance this document, namely AES, Acciona Wind Energy USA,LLC, Edison Mission Energy, E.ON Climate and Renewables North America Inc., GamesaEnergy USA, and PPL Renewables Energy, LLC. We thank all of the Pennsylvania GameCommission Voluntary Wind Energy Agreement Cooperators for their continued efforts tominimize impacts to wildlife.Cooperator Date SignedAES 04/18/2007E. ON Climate & Renewables North America, Inc. 04/18/2007Competitive Power Ventures, Inc. 04/18/2007Energy Unlimited, Inc. 04/18/2007Freedom Wind Energy, LLC 04/18/2007Gamesa Energy USA 04/18/2007Iberdrola Renewable Energies USA 04/18/2007PPM Atlantic Renewable 04/18/2007ReEnergy, LLC 04/18/2007First Wind 04/18/2007US Wind Force 04/18/2007Acconia Wind Energy USA, LLC 08/20/2007Global Winds Harvest, Inc. 08/20/2007Penn Wind 09/28/2007Laurel Hill Wind Energy, LLC 01/08/2008Everpower Renewables 02/01/2008AMP-Ohio/MESA 02/15/2008Lookout Windpower, LLC 03/21/2008Forward Windpower, LLC 03/21/2008BP Alternative Energy 06/24/2008Wind Park Bear Creek, LLC 04/03/2009Invenergy Wind Development, LLC 06/01/2009Tuthill Corporation Dba Blue Mountain Ski Area 12/18/2009PPL Renewable Energy LLC 12/29/2009New Tech Wind Inc. 12/30/2009Duke Energy 02/16/2010Apex Wind Energy Holdings LLC 03/10/2010Allegheny Ridge Wind Farm LLC 06/03/2010Volkswind USA 07/20/2010

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